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giao trinh mach dien tu - chuong 5

giao trinh mach dien tu - chuong 5

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Published by HocLieuMo

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Published by: HocLieuMo on Jan 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 5:\u0110\u00e1p\u1ee9ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a BJT v\u00e0 FET
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 5
\u00d0\u00c1P\u1ee8NG T\u1ea6N S\u1ed0 C\u1ee6A BJT V\u00c0 FET

Trong c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 2, 3, 4 ta\u0111\u00e3 ph\u00e2n t\u00edch c\u00e1c m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u nh\u1ecf d\u00f9ng BJT v\u00e0 FET. Vi\u1ec7c ph\u00e2n t\u00edch\u0111\u00f3 ch\u1ec9\u0111\u00fang trong m\u1ed9t d\u1ea3i t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 nh\u1ea5t\u0111\u1ecbnh,\u1edf\u0111\u00f3 ta gi\u1ea3 s\u1eed c\u00e1c t\u1ee5 li\u00ean l\u1ea1c ng\u00f5 v\u00e0o, ng\u00f5 ra v\u00e0 ph\u00e2n d\u00f2ng c\u00f3 dung kh\u00e1ng kh\u00f4ng\u0111\u00e1ng k\u1ec3 v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c xem nh\u01b0 n\u1ed1i t\u1eaft\u1edf t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u. Ngo\u00e0i ra\u1edf d\u1ea3i t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1\u0111\u00f3\u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c\u0111i\u1ec7n dung li\u00ean c\u1ef1c trong BJT v\u00e0 FET kh\u00f4ng\u0111\u00e1ng k\u1ec3. D\u1ea3i t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 n\u00e0y th\u01b0\u1eddng\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 d\u1ea3i t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 gi\u1eefa.

Trong ch\u01b0\u01a1ng n\u00e0y ta s\u1ebd kh\u1ea3o s\u00e1t\u1ea3nh h\u01b0\u1edfng c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c t\u1ee5 li\u00ean l\u1ea1c, ph\u00e2n d\u00f2ng (c\u00f3\u0111i\u1ec7n dung l\u1edbn)\u1edf t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 th\u1ea5p v\u00e0 c\u00e1c t\u1ee5 li\u00ean c\u1ef1c (c\u00f3\u0111i\u1ec7n dung nh\u1ecf)\u1edf t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 cao l\u00ean c\u00e1c th\u00f4ng s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i. Tr\u01b0\u1edbc khi\u0111i v\u00e0o chi ti\u1ebft, ta c\u1ea7n bi\u1ebft qua m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5 kh\u1ea3o s\u00e1t.

5.1 DECIBEL:
Ta xem m\u1ea1ch t\u01b0\u01a1ng\u0111\u01b0\u01a1ng 2 c\u1ed5ng h\u00ecnh 5.1
C\u00f4ng su\u1ea5t ng\u00f5 v\u00e0o\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a: Pi=vi.ii
C\u00f4ng su\u1ea5t ng\u00f5 ra\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a: P0=v0.i0
Trong k\u1ef9 ngh\u1ec7 ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta th\u01b0\u1eddng\u0111\u01b0a ra m\u1ed9t\u0111\u01a1n v\u1ecb l\u00e0 decibel (dB)\u0111\u1ec3 di\u1ec5n t\u1ea3 \u0111\u1ed9 l\u1ee3i
c\u00f4ng su\u1ea5t.
\u00d0\u01a1n v\u1ecb c\u0103n b\u1ea3n ban\u0111\u1ea7u l\u00e0 Bel v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c\u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a:
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
V-1
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 5:\u0110\u00e1p\u1ee9ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a BJT v\u00e0 FET
5.2 M\u1ea0CH L\u1eccC TH\u01af\u1ee2NG TH\u00d4NG R.C:
D\u1ea1ng m\u1ea1ch c\u0103n b\u1ea3n nh\u01b0 h\u00ecnh 5.2
T\u1ee5 C\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c xem nh\u01b0 n\u1ed1i t\u1eaft (short-circuit), k\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 l\u00e0: v0\u2248 vi

-\u1ede kho\u1ea3ng gi\u1eefa 2 t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 n\u00e0y,\u0111\u1ed9 l\u1ee3i\u0111i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf AV=v0 /vi thay\u0111\u1ed5i nhu h\u00ecnh 5.3. Khi t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 t\u0103ng, dung kh\u00e1ng c\u1ee7a t\u1ef1 C gi\u1ea3m v\u00e0 t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u\u1edf ng\u1ecf ra v0 l\u1edbn d\u1ea7n. \u00d0i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf ng\u00f5 v\u00e0o v\u00e0 ng\u00f5 ra li\u00ean h\u1ec7 v\u1edbi nhau b\u1eb1ng c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c:

Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
V-2
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 5:\u0110\u00e1p\u1ee9ng t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a BJT v\u00e0 FET
T\u1ea1i AV=1\u21d2v0=vi (tr\u1ecb t\u1ed1i\u0111a) AV(dB)=20Log1=0dB
V\u1eady t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 c\u1eaft l\u00e0 t\u1ea7n s\u1ed1 t\u1ea1i\u0111\u00f3\u0111\u1ed9 l\u1ee3i gi\u1ea3m\u0111il\u1ea7n hay gi\u1ea3m
\u0111i 3dB. N\u1ebfu ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh
\u0111\u1ed9l\u1ee3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c vi\u1ebftd\u01b0\u1edbid\u1ea1ng s\u1ed1ph\u1ee9c:
Khi f<<fi, ph\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh tr\u00ean c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 vi\u1ebft g\u1ea7n\u0111\u00fang:
V\u1edbi c\u00f4ng th\u1ee9c g\u1ea7n\u0111\u00fang n\u00e0y ta th\u1ea5y:
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
V-3
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed

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