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giao trinh mach dien tu - chuong 7

giao trinh mach dien tu - chuong 7



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Published by HocLieuMo

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Published by: HocLieuMo on Jan 30, 2009
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Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 7: OP-AMP_Khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 7
OP-AMP-KHU\u1ebeCH \u00d0\u1ea0I V\u00c0\u1ee8NG D\u1ee4NG
7.1 VI SAI T\u1ed4NG H\u1ee2P:
M\u1ea1ch vi sai trong th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf th\u01b0\u1eddng g\u1ed3m c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u t\u1ea7ng (v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 m\u1ea1ch vi sai t\u1ed5ng

h\u1ee3p) v\u1edbi m\u1ee5c\u0111\u00edch.
- T\u0103ng\u0111\u1ed9 khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i AVS
- Gi\u1ea3m\u0111\u1ed9 khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i t\u00edn hi\u1ec7u chung AC
Do\u0111\u00f3 t\u0103ng h\u1ec7 s\u1ed1\u03bb1.

- T\u1ea1o ng\u00f5 ra\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c\u0111\u1ec3 thu\u1eadn ti\u1ec7n cho vi\u1ec7c s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng c\u0169ng nh\u01b0 ch\u1ebf t\u1ea1o m\u1ea1ch khu\u1ebfch
\u0111\u1ea1i c\u00f4ng su\u1ea5t. Th\u01b0\u1eddng ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta ch\u1ebft\u1ea1o m\u1ea1ch vi sai t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p d\u01b0\u1edbi d\u1ea1ng IC g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 IC thu\u1eadt
to\u00e1n (op-amp _operational amplifier).
Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta chia m\u1ed9t m\u1ea1ch vi sai t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p ra th\u00e0nh 3 ph\u1ea7n: T\u1ea7ng\u0111\u1ea7u, c\u00e1c t\u1ea7ng gi\u1eefa v\u00e0
t\u1ea7ng cu\u1ed1i. T\u1ea7ng\u0111\u1ea7u l\u00e0 m\u1ea1ch vi sai c\u0103n b\u1ea3n m\u00e0 ta\u0111\u00e3 kh\u1ea3o s\u00e1t\u1edf ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u01b0\u1edbc.
7.1.1 C\u00e1c t\u1ea7ng gi\u1eefa:
C\u00e1c t\u1ea7ng gi\u1eefa c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0 vi sai hay\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c.
a/M\u1eafc n\u1ed1i ti\u1ebfp vi sai v\u1edbi vi sai:
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 7: OP-AMP_Khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng
\u00d0\u1ec3 \u00fd l\u00e0 t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf v\u00e0o c\u1ee7a t\u1ea7ng vi sai sau c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 l\u00e0m m\u1ea5t c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf ra c\u1ee7a t\u1ea7ng
vi sai tr\u01b0\u1edbc. T\u1ea7ng sau kh\u00f4ng c\u1ea7n d\u00f9ng ngu\u1ed3n d\u00f2ng\u0111i\u1ec7n.
b/ M\u1eafc vi sai n\u1ed1i ti\u1ebfp v\u1edbi\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c:

Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta th\u01b0\u1eddng d\u00f9ng t\u1ea7ng\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c\u0111\u1ec3:
- D\u1ec5 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng.
- D\u1ec5 t\u1ea1o m\u1ea1ch c\u00f4ng su\u1ea5t.
Nh\u01b0ng m\u1ea1ch\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c s\u1ebd l\u00e0m ph\u00e1t sinh m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 v\u1ea5n\u0111\u1ec1 m\u1edbi:
- L\u00e0m m\u1ea5t c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng t\u1ea7ng vi sai, n\u00ean hai\u0111i\u1ec7n tr\u1edf RC c\u1ee7a t\u1ea7ng vi sai\u0111\u00f4i khi ph\u1ea3i c\u00f3 tr\u1ecb

s\u1ed1 kh\u00e1c nhau\u0111\u1ec3 b\u00f9 tr\u1eeb cho s\u1ef1 m\u1ea5t c\u00e2n b\u1eb1ng.
- L\u00e0m t\u0103ng c\u1ea3 AVS v\u00e0 AC n\u00ean (1 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 thay\u0111\u1ed5i, do\u0111\u00f3 ch\u1ec9 n\u00ean d\u00f9ng t\u1ea7ng\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c\u1edf
n\u01a1i\u0111\u00e3 c\u00f3 th\u00e0nh ph\u1ea7n chung th\u1eadt nh\u1ecf (sau hai ho\u1eb7c ba t\u1ea7ng vi sai)
7.1.2 T\u1ea7ng cu\u1ed1i:
Ph\u1ea3i th\u1ecfa m\u00e3n c\u00e1c\u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n:
- Cho m\u1ed9t t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf ra th\u1eadt nh\u1ecf.
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed
Ch\u01b0\u01a1ng 7: OP-AMP_Khu\u1ebfch\u0111\u1ea1i v\u00e0\u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng
- \u00d0i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf ph\u00e2n c\u1ef1c t\u1ea1i ng\u00f5 ra b\u1eb1ng 0 volt khi hai ng\u00f5 v\u00e0o\u1edf 0 volt.
a/ \u00d0i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1 t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf ra:
\u00d0\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf ra nh\u1ecf, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta th\u01b0\u1eddngd\u00f9ng m\u1ea1ch c\u1ef1c thu chung.
\u00d0\u1ec3 t\u00ednh t\u1ed5ng tr\u1edf ra ta d\u00f9ng m\u1ea1ch t\u01b0\u01a1ng\u0111\u01b0\u01a1ng h\u00ecnh 7.3b; Trong\u0111\u00f3 RS l\u00e0 t\u1ed5ng
tr\u1edf ra c\u1ee7a t\u1ea7ng (\u0111\u01a1n c\u1ef1c)\u0111\u1ee9ng tr\u01b0\u1edbc.
b/ \u00d0i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1ec1\u0111i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf ph\u00e2n c\u1ef1c:
V\u00ec c\u00e1c t\u1ea7ng\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1eafc tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp v\u1edbi nhau n\u00ean\u0111i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf ph\u00e2n c\u1ef1c ng\u00f5 ra c\u1ee7a t\u1ea7ng
cu\u1ed1i c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 kh\u00f4ng\u1edf 0 volt khi ng\u00f5 v\u00e0o\u1edf 0 volt. \u00d0\u1ec3 gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta d\u00f9ng m\u1ea1ch di chuy\u1ec3n
\u0111i\u1ec7n th\u1ebf (Level shifting network) g\u1ed3m c\u00f3: m\u1ed9t ngu\u1ed3n d\u00f2ng \u0111i\u1ec7n I v\u00e0 m\u1ed9t \u0111i\u1ec7n tr\u1edf R sao cho:
E = RI.
Tr\u01b0\u01a1ng V\u0103n T\u00e1m
M\u1ea1ch\u0110i\u1ec7n T\u1eed

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