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22067519 Two Stroke Engine

22067519 Two Stroke Engine

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Published by kaushik4208

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Published by: kaushik4208 on Nov 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 A Running Two Stroke Engine:
 A two-stroke in its purest form is extremely simplein construction and operation, as it only has threeprimary moving parts (the piston, connecting rod,and crankshaft). However, the two-stroke cycle canbe difficult for some to visualize at first becausecertain phases of the cycle occur simultaneously,causing it to be hard to tell when one part of thecycle ends and another begins.
Several different varieties of two-strokes have beendeveloped over the years, and each type has itsown set of advantages and disadvantages. Thesubject of the animated GIF (and this dissertation)is known as a
type because induction iscontrolled by a reed valve mounted in the side of the crankcase.
The easiest way to visualize two-stroke operation isto follow the flow of gases through the enginestarting at the air inlet. In this case, the cyclewould begin at approximately mid-stroke when thepiston is rising, and has covered the transfer portopenings:
 As the piston moves upward, avacuum is created beneath thepiston in the enclosed volume of the crankcase. Air flows throughthe reed valve and carburetor tofill the vacuum created in thecrankcase. For the purposes of discussion, the intake phase iscompleted when the pistonreaches the top of the stroke (inreality, mixture continues to flowinto the crankcase even when thepiston is on its way back downdue to the inertia of the fuelmixture, especially at high RPM):
During the down stroke, the fallingpiston creates a positive pressure inthe crankcase which causes the reedvalve to close. The mixture in thecrankcase is compressed until thepiston uncovers the transfer portopenings, at which point the mixtureflows up into the cylinder. The enginedepicted here is known as a loop-scavenged two-stroke because theincoming mixture describes a circularpath as shown in the picture below.What is not readily apparent in thepicture is that the primary portion of the mixture is directed toward thecylinder wall opposite the exhaust port(this reduces the amount of mixturethat escapes out the open exhaustport, also known as short-circuiting

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