TWO STROKE ENGINE
A Running Two Stroke Engine:
A two-stroke in its purest form is extremely simplein construction and operation, as it only has threeprimary moving parts (the piston, connecting rod,and crankshaft). However, the two-stroke cycle canbe difficult for some to visualize at first becausecertain phases of the cycle occur simultaneously,causing it to be hard to tell when one part of thecycle ends and another begins.
Several different varieties of two-strokes have beendeveloped over the years, and each type has itsown set of advantages and disadvantages. Thesubject of the animated GIF (and this dissertation)is known as a
type because induction iscontrolled by a reed valve mounted in the side of the crankcase.
The easiest way to visualize two-stroke operation isto follow the flow of gases through the enginestarting at the air inlet. In this case, the cyclewould begin at approximately mid-stroke when thepiston is rising, and has covered the transfer portopenings: