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Tuberculosis Fact Sheet

Tuberculosis Fact Sheet

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Published by David A. Giles
Tuberculosis Fact Sheet
Tuberculosis Fact Sheet

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Published by: David A. Giles on Nov 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What is Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the TBbacteria (germ).TB usually affects the lungs but it canaffect any part of the body.TB is spread through the air from person toperson when someone with active TB inthe lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, singsor speaks.The TB bacteria can stay in the air forhours. People who breathe the aircontaining the TB bacteria may becomeinfected.TB cannot be spread by touchingsurfaces, shaking hands or sharing objects.
 Latent TB (TB infection)
A person exposed to TB may developlatent TB infection. People with latent TB:
cannot spread the TB bacteria to others
usually have a positive tuberculin skintest
will not feel ill or have signs & symptomsof active TB
have the bacteria in their body but theimmune system is keeping it undercontrol
are at risk of developing active TB
5-10% of people with latent TB willdevelop active TB later in life
 Active TB (TB disease)
 Active TB occurs when the immune systemcannot keep the bacteria under control.The bacteria begin to grow and multiply.People with active TB:
may spread the TB bacteria to others ifthe TB is in their lungs or throat
usually have a positive tuberculin skin test
may have signs & symptoms of TB andmay feel ill
require treatment
TBCS 2012/04/02 (white)
 © 2012, Saskatoon Health Region

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