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31(A) the Nervous System

31(A) the Nervous System

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Published by: upscportal.com on Dec 01, 2012
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06/25/2015

 
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Multicellular animals must monitor and maintain a constant internal environment as well as monitor and respond to an external environment. In many animals, these two functions are coordinated by two integrated and coordinated organ systems: the nervous system and the endocrine system. Three basic functions performed by nervous systems are:- 1.Receive sensory input from internal and external environments2.Integrate the input 3.Respond to stimuli
 
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The nervous system monitors and controls almost every organ system through a series of positive and negative feedback loops.
The Central Nervous System (CNS) includes the brain and spinal cord.
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) connects the CNS to other parts of the body, and is composed of nerves (bundles of neurons).
Not all animals have highly specialized nervous systems.
Those with simple systems tend to be either small and very mobile or large and immobile.

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