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District Planning Lessons from India, Planning Guide, 1995

District Planning Lessons from India, Planning Guide, 1995



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Published by K Rajasekharan
District Planning Lessons from Kerala : Planning Guide Rome , FAO, 1995
District Planning Lessons from Kerala : Planning Guide Rome , FAO, 1995

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Published by: K Rajasekharan on Jan 30, 2009
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District Planning :Lessons from India
Planning Guide
Lal Bahadur Shastri NationalAcademy of Administration,Mussorie, IndiaAgricultural Policy Support Services,Policy Assistance Division,FAO Technical Cooperation Department
The current structural adjustment process in India aims at changing the roles of thegovernment and the civil society so as to promote private sector development andconcentrate public sector interventions in those areas where, (as stated in theDirectional Paper of the Eighth Plan), "private sector participation is not likely tocome forth to an adequate extent within a reasonable time perspective".
Concurrently with changes in macro-economic policies, the Government of India also brought about important Constitutional Amendments to strengthen local governmentsand decentralised planning. The Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth ConstitutionalAmendments envisage the empowerment of panchayats and municipalities by their State legislatures to prepare "plans for economic development and social justice"encompassing agriculture, small-scale industry, health, education and poverty. Thiswill place a heavy burden of decision-making upon locally elected officials as well asthe Government officers who advise them and who have to implement the ultimatedecisions.
This Manual intends to provide district functionaries with concepts and simple toolsof analysis for the preparation of district plans according to the existing planning procedures and processes of consultation with the panchayat bodies. It has been prepared through a joint collaborative effort of specialists from eight institutions inIndia, thus encompassing the experience in district planning and in training whichexist in the country.
The Manual comprises a
Planning Guide and a Trainers' Guide.
The Planning
Guide is a set of simple and self-contained guidelines for planning that can be used(if necessary) without prior training. The Trainers' Guide is meant to help trainers plan and run courses on district planning using the Planning Guide as the main text.
We hope that it will be useful and that it will result in more effective planning andimplementation. We also expect trainers and district functionaries to adapt it to their own context and to make it evolve over time. Although the Manual is prepared onthe basis of Indian experience and needs, the approach and methods are of wider interest to cater to the requirements of other countries embarking on decentralisationof planning. We shall appreciate receiving feedback on its use.
M. Cox
Policy Assistance Division
Rome, Italy
N.C. Saxena
Lai Bahadur Shastri NationalAcademy of AdministrationMussoorie, India
Table of contents
Chapter 1:
Purpose of this Guide
Many district plans have been prepared in India
 but an effective district level planning process
has not been firmly established
A better district plan has five important characteristics
Chapter 2: How to use this Guide
The layout of the Planning Guide2.3
The presentation of material on the pages of the Guide2.4
Matrices, tables and formats2.6
How to use the Guide
Chapter 3: District Analysis
Purpose of this chapter 3.2
Layout of the chapter 3.3
Assembling a district data matrix3.4
Identifying block level disparities3.5
Constructing tables for previous years to enabletrends to be analysed3.6
Analysis of trends3.7
Preparation of district summary tables3.8
Preparation of base maps3.9
Preparation of district profile3.10
Chapter 4: District Objectives
Purpose of this chapter 4.2
Layout of this chapter 4.3
Identification of potentials and opportunities4.4
Identification of problems and gaps4.5
Consulting panchayat institutions in the district4.6
Cross-checking data4.7
Ranking potentials, problems and needs

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