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Herbal Drugs Used in Asthma

Herbal Drugs Used in Asthma

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Published by Rajesh Dholpuria
Herbal products have occupied a major part in curing different human ailments. These have been used for thousands of years in many parts of the world. Since the asthma is the leading cause of mortality in developing countries, the present investigation was undertaken. Asthma is a chronic condition (generally associated with humans but also controversially being diagnosed in house pets such as cats) involving the respiratory system in which the airway occasionally constricts, becomes inflamed, and is lined with excessive amounts of mucus, often in response to one or more triggers. In this assignment sign & symptoms, diagnosis, causes, its management, factors responsible for precipitating asthma & different traditional or herbal drugs used to treat asthma has been discussed. There are about 80 single herbal drugs mentioned in Ayurveda to treat asthma
Herbal products have occupied a major part in curing different human ailments. These have been used for thousands of years in many parts of the world. Since the asthma is the leading cause of mortality in developing countries, the present investigation was undertaken. Asthma is a chronic condition (generally associated with humans but also controversially being diagnosed in house pets such as cats) involving the respiratory system in which the airway occasionally constricts, becomes inflamed, and is lined with excessive amounts of mucus, often in response to one or more triggers. In this assignment sign & symptoms, diagnosis, causes, its management, factors responsible for precipitating asthma & different traditional or herbal drugs used to treat asthma has been discussed. There are about 80 single herbal drugs mentioned in Ayurveda to treat asthma

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Published by: Rajesh Dholpuria on Jan 30, 2009
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11/23/2012

 
History ........................................................................................................................................................3Definition ......................................................................................................................................................3Classification of asthma ................................................................................................................................3On the basis of frequency & severity of symptoms .................................................................................3a)Mild intermittent ....................................................................................................................................3 b)Mild .......................................................................................................................................................3c)Moderate ................................................................................................................................................3d)Severe Persistant ....................................................................................................................................3On the basis of Hypersensitivity reaction .................................................................................................3a)Extrinisic :- Initiayed by Type-1 hypersensitivity reaction induced by exposure to an extrinsic agent. ..................................................................................................................................................................4 b)Intrisic :- Initiated by diverse , non-immune mech. Including ingestion of Aspirin ............................4Acc. to agent or events that triggers bronchoconstriction ........................................................................4a)Seasonal Asthma ....................................................................................................................................4 b)Exercise induced Asthma ......................................................................................................................4c)Occupational Asthma .............................................................................................................................4d)Asthmatic Bronchitis in Smokers .........................................................................................................4Acc. to Ayurveda :- ...................................................................................................................................4a)Maha-Svasa ...........................................................................................................................................4 b)Urdhva-Svasa ........................................................................................................................................4c)Chhinna-Svasa .......................................................................................................................................4d)Tamaka-Svasa ........................................................................................................................................4e)Kshudra-Svasa .......................................................................................................................................4
The factors responsible for precipating the disease have been mentioned as following:- ........................4Acc. to Charaka-samhita the main causes are:- ........................................................................................41.Exposure to dust , smoke & gusty winds...............................................................................................42.Residence in a cold climate & drinking very cold water.......................................................................43.Excessive exertion such as walking long distances, too frequent sexual intercourse, etc.....................44.Excessive intake of food that is dry & incompabile, eating at irregular hours, & partaking too muchof foods which are hard to digest & constipative .....................................................................................45.Excessive use of purificatory procedures like purgation, emesis, etc...................................................46.Frequent fasting.....................................................................................................................................47.Trauma of any sort, & ............................................................................................................................58.Various kinds of obstruction or constriction around the chest & throat................................................5The factors responsible for the disease according to Susruta-samhita are:- .............................................51.Exposure to sun, wind, dust & smoke ...................................................................................................52.Residing in a cold climate ......................................................................................................................53.Suppression of the natural urges like the urge to defecate, urinate, etc.................................................54.Under-nourishment................................................................................................................................55.Excessive exertion like carrying heavy loads, frequent sexual intercourse, etc....................................56.Excessive intake of food articles which are irritant , hard to digest, digestive, dry abhishyandi andcold...........................................................................................................................................................57.Eating too frequently, in too less a quantity, at untimely hours or before the digestion of food previously eaten........................................................................................................................................58.Improper treatment of indigestion.........................................................................................................59.This disease can occur as a complication of tuberculosis......................................................................5The stimulus or triggers that can induced asthma are :- ...........................................................................51.Allergens(substances to which people are sesitive) such as pollens, food dust, mold, feathers, &animal dander............................................................................................................................................52.Irritants (smoke, dust , strong smell , fumes)........................................................................................51
 
Pathogenesis ..................................................................................................................................................10Nocturnal Asthma .........................................................................................................................................10Treatment ....................................................................................................................................................11S. No...............................................................................................................................................................16Brand Name ..................................................................................................................................................16Mfg. By ..........................................................................................................................................................16Composition ..................................................................................................................................................16Dose ................................................................................................................................................................16Quantity .........................................................................................................................................................16Somlata ..........................................................................................................................................................16Managing Asthma:- ......................................................................................................................................19
2
 
IntroductionHistory
Asthma word is derived from the greek word “aazein” meaning “sharp breath” . Theword first appears in
 Homer’s Iliad 
;
Hippocrates
 
was the first to use it in reference to themedical condition in 450 B.C. Six centuries later , Galen wrote much about asthma ,noting that it was caused by partial or complete bronchial obstruction. In 1190 A.D. ,Moses Maimonides, an influential medieval rabbi, Philosopher, & Physician , wrote atreatise on asthma , describing its prevention , diagnosis , & treatment. In the 17
th
century, Bernardino , Ramazzini noted a connection between asthma & organic dust. The use of  brocho-dilators started in 1901 , but it was not untill the 1960s that the inflammatorycomponent of asthma was recognized , & anti-inflammatory medications were added tothe regimen. Asthma was long considered a psychosomatic disease, and.. during the1930s–50s, was even known as one of the 'holy seven' psychosomatic illnesses. At thattime, psychoanalytic theories described the aetiology of asthma as psychological, withtreatment often primarily involving psychoanalysis and other 'talking cures'. As theasthmatic wheeze was interpreted as the child's suppressed cry for his or her mother, psychoanalysts viewed the treatment of depression as especially important for individualswith asthma.
DefinitionAsthma
is a chronic condition (generally associated with humans but also controversially being diagnosed in housepets such as cats) involving the respiratory system in which theairway occasionally constricts, becomes inflamed, and is lined with excessive amounts of mucus, often in response to one or more triggers.
Classification of asthma
On the basis of frequency & severity of symptoms
a)
Mild intermittent
b)
Mild
c)
Moderate
d)
Severe Persistant
On the basis of Hypersensitivity reaction
3

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