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Table Of Contents

EXPLORING ‘RESEARCH’
Research as a ‘thinking person’s game’
Research as a Creative and Strategic Thinking Process
Research as a ‘whole-brain’ endeavour
THE ‘CONSTRUCT’ OF RESEARCH
Positivism
The times they are a changing
The position of the creative and strategic researcher
WORKING THROUGH THE COMPLEXITY
PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
Laying the groundwork
Defining your question
Researching reflexively
Exploring the literature
Exploring design, methodologies, and methods
Communicating through research
THE RESEARCH JOURNEY
Exploring your own approach to knowledge
Managing the Process
NAVIGATING THE PROCESS
Knowing your institution
Getting set up
Getting the right advice
Managing the workload
STAYING ON COURSE
Finding a balance
Dealing with ‘crisis’
THE IMPORTANCE OF GOOD QUESTIONS
Defining the investigation
Developing Your Research Question
Providing direction
DEFINING YOUR TOPIC
The importance of curiosity
The role of creativity
Practicalities
FROM INTERESTING TOPICS TO RESEARCHABLE QUESTIONS
Finding an angle
Narrowing and clarifying
The need to define and redefine
Do I need a hypothesis?
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD QUESTIONS
POWER, POLITICS, AND RESEARCH
Negotiating power
Exploring Power and Ethics in Research
ATTRIBUTES AND ATTITUDES
Recognizing the importance of ‘self’
NAVIGATING WORLDVIEWS
Western worldview
Seeing the world through coloured glasses
ETHICAL RESPONSIBILITIES
Responsibility for the production of knowledge
Responsibility for the researched
Indicators of Good Research
MANAGING SUBJECTIVITIES
Objectivity
Neutrality
Subjectivity with transparency
STRIVING FOR METHODOLOGICAL CONSISTENCY
Reliability
Dependability
CAPTURING ‘TRUTH’
Validity
Authenticity
WORKING TOWARDS APPLICABILITY
Generalizability
Transferability
THE NEED FOR ACCOUNTABILITY
Auditability
Reproducibility
THE IMPORTANCE OF WORKING WITH LITERATURE
Working with Literature
FINDING LITERATURE
Types of literature
Using your resources
Honing your search skills
MANAGING THE LITERATURE
Efficient and selective reading
Keeping track of references
Annotating your references
USING THE LITERATURE
Exploring a topic
Developing a research question
DEVELOPING A RESEARCH QUESTION
Articulating a rationale
Informing your study with theory
Designing method
THE FORMAL ‘LITERATURE REVIEW’
The purpose
Coverage
The writing process
Style and tone
Further Reading
METHODOLOGY, METHODS, AND TOOLS
Methodological Design
FROM QUESTIONS TO ANSWERS
Finding a path
Designing creative and strategic methods
THREE KEY PREREQUISITES FOR METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN
Addressing the question
Making it right for the researcher
Making it doable
GETTING DOWN TO THE NITTY GRITTY
Who, where, when, how, what
Emergent methodological design
THOUGHTS ON THE QUALITATIVE/QUANTITATIVE DIVIDE
Assumptions and dichotomization
POPULATION RESEARCH
The need to sample
Exploring Populations
Working towards credibility
THE SAMPLING PROCESS
Naming your population
Determining sample size
Employing an appropriate sampling strategy
RANDOM SAMPLES
Simple random sampling
Systematic sampling
Stratified random sampling
Cluster sampling
NON-RANDOM SAMPLES
Handpicked sampling
Snowball sampling
Volunteer sampling
A note on ‘convenience’ sampling
METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
DELVING INTO COMPLEXITIES
Investigating Complexities of the Social World
EXPLORING BOUNDED SYSTEMS
Understanding the case study
The process of doing case studies
EXPLORING CULTURAL GROUPS
Understanding ethnography
The process of doing ethnography
EXPLORING PHENOMENA
Understanding phenomenology
The process of studying phenomena
EXPLORING THE EVERYDAY
Understanding ethnomethodology
The process of doing ethnomethodology
Evaluation research
CREATING KNOWLEDGE AND ACTIONING CHANGE
Getting a handle on action research
The basic tenets of action research
Issues in action research
STRIVING FOR CRITICAL EMANCIPATION
‘Participatory’ action research
Critical ethnography
Issues in emancipatory research
THE QUEST FOR CREDIBLE DATA
Gaining access
Data Collection
Access and power
SURVEYING
Knowing what to expect
The survey process
The survey instrument
Interviewing in all its complexity
The interview process
Conducting your interview
OBSERVATION
What you see isn’t always what you get
The observation process
Receiving, reflecting, recording, authenticating
DOCUMENT ANALYSIS
Going to the source
The document analysis process
From documents to data
THE FINAL WORD
THINKING YOUR WAY THROUGH ANALYSIS
Data Management and Analysis
Keeping a sense of the overall project
Managing the data
CRUNCHING THE NUMBERS
Variables
Descriptive statistics
Inferential statistics
WORKING WITH WORDS
Logic and methods
Becoming familiar with the strategies
THE WRITING CHALLENGE
Process or product
The Challenge of Writing-Up
Writing as analysis
WRITING AS ‘CONVERSATION’
Deciding on a structure
Crafting the story
PREPARING FOR SUBMISSION
Seeking feedback
Drafting, redrafting, and redrafting some more
THE IMPORTANCE OF DISSEMINATION
Bibliography
Index
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[Zina O'Leary] the Essential Guide to Doing Resear(BookFi.org)

[Zina O'Leary] the Essential Guide to Doing Resear(BookFi.org)

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Published by: Asma Douaibia on Dec 01, 2012
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