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Architecture and the Urban Environment

Architecture and the Urban Environment

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Published by icedcene7241

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Published by: icedcene7241 on Jan 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/23/2013

 
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AcknowledgementsIntroduction 9
All great ages of architecture are known by their grand period titles - ours will probably be known as ‘Architecture in the Age of Consumerism’ arising from the self-indulgent intemperance of the developed world, the declining quality of urban life globally, and a universal disregard for proper stewardship of the natural resources of the planet.
The Urban Habitat 19
.In the planning and design of the urban setting the aim should be to create ‘ennobling’ and ‘enabling’ environments. Inevitably this demands a process based on peope-driven dynamics, in other words, based on the perceptions of the users of urban space.
 A  A  A  A  A 
CANV CANV CANV CANV CANV  AS AS AS AS ASFORFORFORFORFOR ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE
1919191919
Universal cultural needs 19Cultural needs and urban space 21The urban ecosystem 24Socio-spatial patterning 27Movement corridors and destinations 32
In the context of our environmentally stressed planet, it is not responsible to think of architecture as being ‘good’ only in terms of past design maxims.
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HARA HARA HARA HARA HARA CTERISA CTERISA CTERISA CTERISA CTERISA TIONTIONTIONTIONTION
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Directions in Architecture 37Cultural Rhythms 56
In the urban environment, the failure to meet the cultural needs of the community, the end user, threatens the amenity value of the social environment with potentially dire sociological consequences 
RRRRR
ESPONSEESPONSEESPONSEESPONSEESPONSETOTOTOTOTOLIFESTYLELIFESTYLELIFESTYLELIFESTYLELIFESTYLE
5656565656
Spaces that liberate 56Sense of community 58Optimum norms for shared streets 64Busy streets and pedestrians 64Outdoor urban life 66Security through the presence of others 67Territorial needs 69Commercial opportunity 69Space for informal marketing and jobs 71Recreational needs 73Urban culture and natural regimes 74
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Urban Design in Response 75
The rigorous design axioms of the Modern Movement have caused streets to lose their attraction as gathering places. ‘As a consequence individual attitudes to urban space have been radically altered... Functionalism, which laid the groundwork for our loss of traditional space, became obsessed with efficiency.’ (Trancik 1986)
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HEHEHEHEHEPOTENTIALPOTENTIALPOTENTIALPOTENTIALPOTENTIALCCCCCTTTTT AL AL AL AL AL YST YST YST YST YST
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RBANRBANRBANRBANRBANSPSPSPSPSP A  A  A  A  A TIALTIALTIALTIALTIALSYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMSSYSTEMS
7777777777Movement corridors 78Meaningful urban space 80
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RBANRBANRBANRBANRBANDESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGNDESIGNGUIDELINESGUIDELINESGUIDELINESGUIDELINESGUIDELINES
8282828282Public squares free of buildings 83Shape and size criteria for public squares 84 Visual closure and visual order 86Planned outdoor amenities 88Places to linger 90Controls on sun and wind 91Pedestrian density in a public area 92Pedestrians-only streets 95The residential/public interface 95Pollution-free spaces 96
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ENSEENSEENSEENSEENSEOFOFOFOFOFPLPLPLPLPL A  A  A  A  A CECECECECE AND AND AND AND ANDSPSPSPSPSP A  A  A  A  A CECECECECE
9898989898 A sense of neighbourhood 100Clusters 101Common land 104Personal space 104
OOOOO
PTIMUMPTIMUMPTIMUMPTIMUMPTIMUMUSERUSERUSERUSERUSERLEVELSLEVELSLEVELSLEVELSLEVELS
106106106106106Sustainable density options 106The courtyard house 106Small stands 108Density test criteria 110
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RBANRBANRBANRBANRBANIMPRINTSIMPRINTSIMPRINTSIMPRINTSIMPRINTSONONONONONNNNNNTURALTURALTURALTURALTURALREGIMESREGIMESREGIMESREGIMESREGIMES
111111111111111Conserve ecological diversity 112Biogeographical principles 114Offset geomorphic impacts 116

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