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CSWIP 3.1-2010 The welding inspection of steel

CSWIP 3.1-2010 The welding inspection of steel

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Published by apply19842371
CSWIP 3.1-2010 The welding inspection of steel
CSWIP 3.1-2010 The welding inspection of steel

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Published by: apply19842371 on Dec 02, 2012
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07/14/2014

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Rev 1 January 2010ContentsCopyright
©
TWI Ltd 2010
 
Welding Inspection
Contents
Section Subject1 Typical Duties of Welding Inspectors2 Terms and Definitions3 Welding Imperfections and Materials Inspection4 Destructive Testing5 Non-Destructive Testing6 WPS/ Welder Qualifications7 Materials Inspection8 Codes and Standards9 Welding Symbols10 Introduction to Welding Processes11 MMA Welding12 TIG Welding13 MIG/MAG Welding14 Submerged Arc Welding15 Thermal Cutting Processes16 Welding Consumables17 Weldability of Steels18 Weld Repairs19 Residual Stress and Distortion20 Heat Treatment21 Arc Welding Safety22 Calibration23 Application and Control of Preheat24 Practical Visual Inspection25 Macro and Micro Visual Inspection26 Appendices
 
 
Rev 1 January 2010Typical Duties of Welding InspectorsCopyright
©
TWI Ltd 2010
 
Typical Duties of Welding Inspectors1 General
Welding Inspectors are employed to assist with the quality control (QC)activities that are necessary to ensure that welded items will meet specifiedrequirements and be fit for their application.For employers to have confidence in their work, Welding Inspectors need tohave the ability to understand/interpret the various QC procedures and alsohave sound knowledge of welding technology.Visual inspection is one of the non–destructive examination (NDE)disciplines and for some applications may be the only form.For more demanding service conditions, visual inspection is usually followedby one or more of the other non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques – surface crack detection and volumetric inspection of butt welds.Application Standards/Codes usually specify (or refer to other standards)that give
 
the acceptance criteria for weld inspection and may be veryspecific about the particular techniques to be used for surface crackdetection and volumetric inspection, they do not usually give any guidanceabout basic requirements for visual inspection.Guidance and basic requirements for visual inspection are given by:
BS EN 970 (Non–destructive Examination of Fusion Welds – VisualExamination)
1.1 Basic Requirements for Visual Inspection (to BS EN 970)
BS EN 970 provides the following:
Requirements for welding inspection personnel.
Recommendations about conditions suitable for visual examination.
The use of gauges/inspection aids that may be needed/helpful forinspection.
Guidance about information that may need to be included in theinspection records.
Guidance about when inspection may be required during the stages offabrication.A summary of each of these topics is given in the following sections.
 
 
Rev 1 January 2010Typical Duties of Welding InspectorsCopyright
©
TWI Ltd 2010
 
1.2 Welding Inspection Personnel
Before starting work on a particular contract, BS 970 states that WeldingInspectors should:
Be familiar with relevant standards*, rules and specifications for thefabrication work that is to be undertaken
Be informed about the welding procedure(s) to be used
Have good vision
– 
in accordance with EN 473 and should be checkedevery 12 months
(* standards may be National or Client)
BS EN 970 does not give or make any recommendation about a formalqualification for visual inspection of welds. However, it has become industrypractice for inspectors to have practical experience of welding inspectiontogether with a recognised qualification in Welding Inspection – such as aCSWIP Qualification.
 
1.3 Conditions for Visual Inspection
Illumination
BS EN 970 states that the minimum illumination
shall
be 350 lux butrecommends a minimum of 500 lux*.
* normal shop or office lighting 
Access
 Access to the surface, for direct inspection, should enable the eye to be:
Within 600mm of the surface being inspected
In a position to give a viewing angle of not less than 30°
30° (min.)600mm (max.)

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