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Minna no Nihongo 26-50

Minna no Nihongo 26-50

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Published by Bùi Đăng Hoàn
Minna no Nihongo 26-50 -Ngu phap + Tu vung
Minna no Nihongo 26-50 -Ngu phap + Tu vung

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Published by: Bùi Đăng Hoàn on Dec 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2012

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M
C L
C
Bài 26..............................................................................................................................2Bài 27..............................................................................................................................6Bài 28............................................................................................................................12Bài 29............................................................................................................................16Bài 30............................................................................................................................20Bài 31............................................................................................................................25Bài 32............................................................................................................................31Bài 33............................................................................................................................36Bài 34............................................................................................................................41Bài 35............................................................................................................................47Bài 36............................................................................................................................49Bài 37............................................................................................................................51Bài 38............................................................................................................................54Bài 39............................................................................................................................56Bài 40............................................................................................................................58Bài 41............................................................................................................................61Bài 42............................................................................................................................63Bài 43............................................................................................................................65Bài 44............................................................................................................................67Bài 45............................................................................................................................69Bài 46............................................................................................................................71Bài 47............................................................................................................................73Bài 48............................................................................................................................75Bài 49............................................................................................................................77Bài 50............................................................................................................................79
 
Bài 26
I /
言葉(ことば)
: T
ừ 
v
ự 
ng
 
診る
 
みます
ckeck 
探す
 
さがす
look for, search
遅れる
 
おくれます[じかんに~]
be late [for an appointment, etc]
間に合う
 
まにあいます[じかんに~]
 be in time [for an appointment, etc]
遣る
 
やります
do
参加する
 
さんかします[パーティーに]
attend a party
申し込む
 
もうしこみます
apply for, enter for 
都合がいい
 
つごうがいい
convenient (regarding time)
都合が悪い
 
つごうがわるい
inconvenient (regarding time)
気分がいい
 
きぶんがいい
fell well
気分が悪い
 
きぶんがわるい
feel ill
新聞社
 
しんぶんしゃ
newspaper publishing company, newspaper office
柔道
 
じゅうどう
judo
運動会
 
うんどうかい
athletic meeting
場所
 
ばしょ
place
ボランティア
 
ボランティア
Volunteer 
~弁
 
~べん
dialect
今度
 
こんど
next time, another time
ずいぶん
 
ずいぶん
pertty, very
直接
 
ちょくせつ
directly
いつでも
 
いつでも
any time
どこでも
 
どこでも
any place
だれでも
 
だれでも
anybody
何でも
 
なんで
anything
こんな~
 
こんな~
~ like this
そんな~
 
そんな~
~ like that (near the listener)
あんな~
 
あんな~
~ like that (far from both the speaker and the listener) NHK NHK NIPPON HOSO KYOKAI (Broadcasting Company)
方づぐ
 
かたづぎます[にもつが~]
[boxes] put in order 
ごみ
 
ごみ
garbage, trash, dust
出す
 
だします[ごみを~]
put out [the trash]
燃える
 
もえます[ごみが~]
[trash] burns
月・水・金
 
げつ・すい・きん
Monday, Wednesday and Friday
置き場
 
おきば
place where something is put
 
よこ
side
 
びん
bottle
 
かん
can
[お]湯
 
おゆ
hot water 
ガス
 
ガス
gas
~会社
 
~かいしゃ
~ company
連絡する
 
れんらくします
contact
困ったなあ
 
こまったなあ
What shall I do?
読み物
 
よみもの
Reading material
電子メール
 
でんしメール
electronic mail
 
宇宙
 
うちゅう
space
怖い
 
こわい
be afraid of 
宇宙船
 
うちゅうせん
spaceship
別の
 
べつの
another 
宇宙飛行士
 
うちゅうひこうし
astronaut
II /
文法(ぶんぽう)
: Ng
ữ 
pháp
 
1 /L
ờ 
i nói nh
n m
nh
 
* C
u trúc :
普通形
(
ふつうけい)
+
んです
 - V
/V
/V
ない
/V
なかった
 - A
/A
くない
/A
くなかった
/A
かった
 - A
/A
じゃない
/A
だった
/A
じゃなかった
+
んです:
 - N
/N
じゃない
/N
だった
/N
じゃなかった
 * Ngoài ra còn có: V
ている
/V
たい
+
んです。
 
*Ý ngh
 ĩ 
a:
 - Gi
i thích nguyên nhân- Trình bày lý do- Gi
m nh
câu nói (th
ườ 
ng
đ
i v
ớ 
i
ですが)
 
* Ví d
:
 -
ようじがあるんです。
Vì tôi có vi
c b
n-
しりょうがほしいんです。
Vì tôi mu
n có tài li
u
Chú ý:
 
~んです。
Đượ 
c dùng trong v
ă
n nói, còn
~のです
dùng trong v
ă
n vi
ế
t
*
~んですか
 
đượ 
c dùng theo nh
ữ 
ng cách d
ướ 
i
đ
ây:
 + Dùng khi ng
ườ 
i nói suy
đ
oán m
t lý do hay m
t nguyên nhân nh
ư
nh
ng gì anh ta
đ
ã t
ng th
yhay nghe, và xác nh
n l
i
đ
i
u
đ
ó có
đ
úng hay không.
* Ví d
:
 -
わたなべさんは時々 大阪弁を使いますね。
 -
大阪に住んでいたんですか。
 ....
ええ、
15
さいまで大阪に住んでいました。
 Anh Watanabe th
nh tho
ng c
ũ
ng nói ti
ế
ng Osaka
đ
úng không?Anh
đ
ã s
ng
ở 
Osaka ph
i không?..Vâng, tôi
đ
ã s
ng
ở 
Osaka
đế
n 15 tu
i.+ Dùng khi ng
ườ 
i
đặ
t câu h
i mu
n ng
ườ 
i nghe gi
i thích lý do hay nguyên nhân c
a m
t
đ
i
u gì
đ
ó mà anh ta t
ng
đượ 
c nghe th
y.

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