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Diagnostic Interpretation of Glass Failure

Diagnostic Interpretation of Glass Failure

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Published by eatonrob

The prevalent use of large glass panels and the increasing use of glass in areas traditionally reserved for other materials, such as floors, roofs and staircases, is imposing unprecedented loads on glass. The fracture of glass caused by these onerous service loads and by the increasingly severe threats could result in human injury or death and often triggers claims and litigation. However, despite the widespread and documented cases of glass failure, there is a paucity of quantitative techniques for interpreting the causes of failure in glass. This paper attempts to redress the issue by providing a historical compilation of the existing knowledge on quantitative and qualitative techniques that explain glass failure. The static and dynamic fracture mechanics from this review form the basis of an empirical method, presented in this paper, that relates the fragment size to the fracture stress. This paper also describes a glass failure case study that illustrates some of the practical difficulties of carrying out a forensic analysis of glass failure.

The prevalent use of large glass panels and the increasing use of glass in areas traditionally reserved for other materials, such as floors, roofs and staircases, is imposing unprecedented loads on glass. The fracture of glass caused by these onerous service loads and by the increasingly severe threats could result in human injury or death and often triggers claims and litigation. However, despite the widespread and documented cases of glass failure, there is a paucity of quantitative techniques for interpreting the causes of failure in glass. This paper attempts to redress the issue by providing a historical compilation of the existing knowledge on quantitative and qualitative techniques that explain glass failure. The static and dynamic fracture mechanics from this review form the basis of an empirical method, presented in this paper, that relates the fragment size to the fracture stress. This paper also describes a glass failure case study that illustrates some of the practical difficulties of carrying out a forensic analysis of glass failure.

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Published by: eatonrob on Dec 03, 2012
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{ensn mv nufnvvnjnsa} {h ksmrn {en fsgfo gjk {en bsgf,{~sn cnfhlnv ~jv{gcin* [emv mv ojhqj gvk}jglmf bsgf{~sn gjk {en nw~mimcsm~lfhjkm{mhjv hb Asmbbm{e gjk Msqmj jh ihj,ans gppi}* ^jkns {envn fhjkm{mhjv) {enfsgfo pshpgag{nv gjk gffninsg{nv rns}sgpmki}) {}pmfgii} cn{qnnj 7)> ll(¾v{h 3)> ll(¾v bhs vhkg imln vmimfg aigvv*[emv penjhlnjhj mv {ensnbhsn snbnssnk{h gv ’mjv{gj{gjnh~v“ hs ’fg{gv{shpemf“bgmi~sn* [ensn gsn {qh qg}v mj qemfe gfsgfo lg} cnfhln k}jglmf4%g- [en fsgfo sngfenv g phmj{ hb mjv{gcmim{} cnfg~vn {en gppimnkv{snvv hs {en fsgfo knp{e fg~vnv {env{snvv mj{njvm{} bgf{hs
M
{h nufnnk{en fsm{mfgi rgi~n
Mf
* Vmjfn fsgfovashq ~jkns v{g{mf ihgkv %fb* gchrn-)g k}jglmfgi v{g{n lg} gsmvn nrnj~jkns fhjv{gj{ ihgkmja fhjkm,{mhjv* G s~jjmja fsgfo gffninsg{nvsgpmki} {hqgskv g {nslmjgi rnihfm{}ahrnsjnk c} {en vpnnk hb nigv{mfqgrnv*%c- [en gppimnk ihgkmja mv v~cdnf{ {h gsgpmk {mln rgsmg{mhj) gv mj mlpgf{ihgkmja*G anjnsgi gppshgfe {h {en k}jglmfbsgf{~sn pshcinl qgv h~{imjnk c}
Lh{{ 
_=\ mj gj nu{njvmhj {h {en Asmbbm{e fhj,fnp{* En vmlpi} mjfhsphsg{nk g {nslbhs {en omjn{mf njnsa})
O
) mj{h {ennupsnvvmhj bhs {en {h{gi v}v{nl njnsa}%Nw* %3--4
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LVO
 %1-[en omjn{mf njnsa} {nsl gffh~j{v bhs{en omjn{mf njnsa} hb {en gkrgjfmjafsgfo* Lh{{ qgv gcin {h w~gj{mb}
O
bhsrgsmh~v %{eh~ae sg{ens vmlpin- anhl,n{smnv gjk ihgkmja fhjkm{mhjv) v~fe {eg{{en cnegrmh~s hb g s~jjmja fsgfo fgjcn psnkmf{nk mj {nslv hb omjn{mf njnsa}gjk fsgfo rnihfm{} gv g b~jf{mhj hb {enfsgfo knp{e* En egk) ehqnrns) {h lgonrns} snv{smf{mrn vmlpimb}mja gvv~lp,{mhjv* En gvv~lnk) bhs mjv{gjfn) {eg{g fsgfo khnv jh{ cmb~sfg{n hs csgjfe*B~s{ens mvv~nv {eg{ gsn jh{ {gonj mj{hgffh~j{ mjfi~kn {en mjbi~njfn hb v{snvvqgrnv {eg{ gsn snbinf{nk g{ {en vpnfm,lnj ch~jkgsmnv gjk {en bgf{ {eg{ {enlmfsh,v{s~f{~sgi pshfnvvnv mj {en fsgfo{mp gsng) qemfe ahrnsj {en fsgfo ashq{ecnegrmh~s) gsn jh{ {en vgln g{ emaevpnnkv gv mj w~gvm,v{g{mf fhjkm{mhjv*Fsgfo csgjfemja lgsov rgsmh~v v{ganvhb omjn{mf njnsa} kmvvmpg{mhj gjk mvhb lgdhs mj{nsnv{ mj {en bsgf{~sn hb gsfem{nf{~sgi aigvv* [en mjm{mgi gffninsg,{mhj hb {en bigq v{gs{v hj g snig{mrni}vlhh{e v~sbgfn ojhqj gv {en ’lmsshsthjn“* Gv {en bigq fhj{mj~nv {h gffni,nsg{n) {en emaens v{snvvnv gjk asng{nsnjnsa} sningvnk pshk~fn vhln bhslhb lmfsh,lnfegjmfgi gf{mrm{} fihvn {h{en fsgfo {mp) pshk~fmja vnrnsn v~s,bgfn sh~aenjmja {eg{ bmjgii} fg~vnv {enfsgfo {h cmb~sfg{n hs csgjfe gihja m{vbshj{* [emv mv hcvnsrnk gv gj gcs~p{csgjfemja qenj {en aigvv mv rmnqnkig{nsgii}? ehqnrns) gj ninrg{mhj hb {enfsgfo v~sbgfn qmii snrngi g pshasnvvmrnmjfsngvn mj {en sh~aejnvv hb {en bsgf,{~sn v~sbgfn bshl ’lmsshs“ {h ’lmv{“ {h’egfoin“ %
Bma
*
 6
-*G ~jmrnsvgii} gasnnk nupigjg{mhj bhs{en fg~vnv hb fsgfo csgjfemja mv v{miini~vmrn? ehqnrns) g j~lcns hb phvvmcinnupigjg{mhjv egrn cnnj p~{ bhsqgskqemfe gsn cn}hjk {en vfhpn hb {emvpgpns* K}jglmf gvpnf{v hb fsgfo pshp,gag{mhj gsn hb bhslmkgcin {enhsn{mfgifhlpinum{} gjk hji} {en cgvmf fhjfnp{v
Fhlpsnvvmrn v{snvv[njvmin v{snvvV{snvv pshbminbshl {enslgi{nlpnsmja
   A   i  g  v  v   {   e   m  f   o  j  n  v  v
Bma* 74 Snvmk~gi v{snvv pshbminv pshk~fnk c}{enslgi {nlpnsmjaBma* 34 Mlganv hb gjjngink aigvv bgmi~sn %inb{-) eng{,v{snja{enjnk aigvv bgmi~sn %fnj{sn-) gjk b~ii} {nlpnsnk aigvv bgmi~sn %smae{- _5\
3
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3
e
3
l
Lmv{EgfoinLmsshsMjm{mgi v~sbgfn bigq
Bma* 64 Vfenlg{mf snpsnvnj{g{mhj hb lmsshs) lmv{ gjk egfoin

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