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Kathleen Morrison Writing Journal (3)

Kathleen Morrison Writing Journal (3)

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Published by Kathleen Morrison

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Published by: Kathleen Morrison on Dec 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/04/2012

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September 5, 2012Topic Proposal- Genetic Engineering
Definition
the development and application of scientific methods, procedures, and technologies thatpermit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organismor population.Who
Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer (Paul Berg)When
1973What
technique of DNA cloning, allowed genes to be transplanted between different biologicalspeciesInventors.about.com/library/inventors/biogenetic.htmHow
discovered what a gene is
 – 
chemical compound, if chemical compound they can be manipulatedlike other chemical compoundsRequires 3 elements- gene to be transferred, host cell that the gene is inserted, vector to bringout transferWhy
opened the door to create more/better thingsHuman growth hormone- children whose growth is insufficient due to genetic problemsAlpha interferon- treatment of diseaseInterleukin-2- treatment of cancerFactor VIII- hemophiliacs for blood clottingPlants- resistance to herbicides and freezing temp.3000 disorders due to error in DNA, ex= cystic fibrosis, Huntington
s disease, sickle-cell anemia.*(Human Gene Therapy)- scientists provide correct copy of gene- genetic disorder may be curedControversy- wipe out certain genes, can create people to be different, what will be enough.www.scienceclarified.com/GA-HE/Genetic-Engineering.html manipulation of genes- alteration can take place in sperm or egg = germ line gene therapy that wouldchange the traits of the child being borncan swap bad genes for good ones = somatic cell gene therapyPros
make disease a thing of the past, extend life spans, better pharmaceuticals

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