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Cole Inquiry Project Final

Cole Inquiry Project Final

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Published by Cole Beatty

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Published by: Cole Beatty on Dec 03, 2012
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Cole BeattyInstructor: Malcolm CampbellEnglish 1103Date: 11/8/12
Lance Armstrong, a deceiving cheater or a hero falsely accused?Introduction
Lance Armstrong’s story has been all over the news as of recently
.
The question as towhether or not Armstrong did participate in blood doping to help him win his seven titles
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Blooddoping can highly increase the athletic performance level of an individual by giving the doper’smuscle more oxygen which allows the muscles to be more resistant to fatigue
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There is a longhistory of blood doping cases in cycling as well as other high conditioning sports
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It is notuncommon to see athletes get accused of doping charges, but when we see it happen to a legendin the sport we do not want to believe it is true
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Hero’s in a sport are on a higher pedestal thantheir competitors and fans can have a hard time accepting that the athlete they admire may also be cheating
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 Doping has occurred many times in many different races since about the 1950’s(Kitchen)
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Based on my research, there is more evidence to suggest that Armstrong did take partin blood doping, but like many other people, I do not want to believe that he did
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Honestly, I donot know for sure but there are some reliable sources that testified such as his teammates
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Just asit is hard for me to form my own opinion, it makes it hard to imagine the decisions the court had
 
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to make in this case
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The reliable sources are probably his closest friends and it is very unlikelythat they would testify against him if he actually did nothing wrong
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It is very difficult to tellwho is right and wrong when there is such little evidence to be found
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All the press and media persuades the audience to ask themselves, do you think whatthey are saying is true or do you just think they are jealous of how good Lance was (after all, heis retired)? Since there is no way to test his blood so many years later, no one knows for a onehundred percent fact, except Lance and possibly the ones closest to him, if these allegations aretrue
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In my opinion, I am not sure if they can prove he cheated with him never failing a drug test
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With no tangible proof, I do not see how they can continue pursuing the case
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My guess is because he had enough people testifying against him including his eleven of his former teammates
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All eleven testified against him, confessing their doping pasts as well asArmstrong’s
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Blood doping
Blood doping has been defined by WADA (World Anti-doping Agency) as the misuse of techniques and/or substances to increase ones red blood cell count
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The most common form isremoving approximately two pints of blood weeks prior to a race or event, which is then frozenuntil just a few days before the race
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Then it is thawed and injected back into the athlete
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Thisform is called autologous blood doping, and the other is call homologous blood doping, whichcomes from another party or individual
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One other form of doping is the use of artificial oxygencarriers, such as Hemoglobin oxygen carriers (HBOC) and Perfluorocarbons (PFC)
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These makethe body able to carry more oxygen to the muscles
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Blood doping can drastically improve an
 
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individual's athletic performance because it is said that only three percent of oxygen is carried toyour muscles by plasma, and ninety-seven percent is carried by hemoglobin which is found inthe red blood cells (Blood doping)
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EPO is a peptide hormone that is naturally produced in thehuman body
 
and stimulates the red blood cell production
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(WADA) Doping cyclists would usethis method because when they remove their blood, they need it to be replaced as soon as possible
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History of Blood doping
Lance Armstrong is definitely not the first person to dope in the Tour de France, or anyrace for that matter 
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There are probably hundreds if not thousands of cases of cyclist and other athletes participating in doping in all kinds of races
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In 2012 specifically, there were manyknown cases
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First was Remy Di Gregorio of France, he was arrested outside of his hotel after  being accused of doping
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He was withdrawn from the race and the investigation is stillcontinuing (Zant)
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Frank Rene Schleck, who is from Luxembourg, was removed from the 2012Tour de France for doping charges
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Schleck said that he was poisoned, but back in 2008, he wassuspended for similar accusations
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His investigation is still going on as well
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Alberto Contador Velasco from Spain did not get to race in 2006 because of accusations of doping, so he did notget to start
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He did however race in the 2007, 2009, and 2010 races, and won each of them, butwas later stripped of his titles once he was found guilty of doping
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The strangest one is TomBoonen of Belgium who actually tested positive for cocaine in the 2008 Tour de France
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He wasfound guilty, but he was still allowed to continue racing
.
These are just a few more publicallyknown instances of athletes getting caught doping, there are numerous cases that do not even get

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