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Singular & Plural Nouns - Notes

Singular & Plural Nouns - Notes

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A simple notes on Singular and Plural Nouns for better understanding of the topic.
A simple notes on Singular and Plural Nouns for better understanding of the topic.

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Published by: Tuisyen Dewan Hj Ali on Jan 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/20/2013

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NOTES: SINGULAR & PLURAL NOUNS
 
1
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add sape apes cup cupscannon cannons phone phonespicture pictures book booksvalue values ring rings
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add ‘es’ to nounsending in
o, s, x,ch, sh
 brush brushes box boxesmatch matches hero heroesbranch branches echo echoesfox foxes kiss kissesmango mangoes fly flieshex hexes reality realitieslunch lunches bush bushestrench trenches embargo embargoes
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add s to somenouns ending in
o
 piano pianos radio radiosbamboo bamboos zoo zoosigloo igloos dynamo dynamostattoo tattoos logo logosponcho ponchos photo photoskimono kimonos gazebo gazebos
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Change(consonant
y
) to
i
and add ‘esarmy armies city citiespony ponies fairy fairiesstory stories duty dutiesbaby babies mystery mysteriesspy spies theory theories
 
NOTES: SINGULAR & PLURAL NOUNS
 
2
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add ‘sto (vowel
y
)toy toys day daysway ways tray traysvalley valleys bay baysboy boys guy guysalley alleys prey preys
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Omit –f or fe andadd ‘vesto nounsending in
 –f
or
 –fe
 wife wives loaf loavesshelf shelves sheaf sheavesthief thieves half halvescalf calves life livesscarf scarves elf elvesknife knives self selves
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add ‘s’ to certainnouns ending in
 –f
 or
 –fe
 proof proofs chief chiefssafe safes roof roofsgiraffe giraffes cliff cliffspuff puffs stuff stuffsSome words (ending with –f and fe) have two forms of the plural:
 
dwarf - dwarfs or dwarves
 
hoof - hoofs or hooves
 
scarf - scarfs or scarves
 
staff - staffs or staves
 
wharf - wharfs or wharves
 
handkerchief - handkerchiefs or handkerchieves
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Changing theinside vowelsman men goose geesemouse mice louse licetooth teeth foot feetwoman women fireman firemen
 
NOTES: SINGULAR & PLURAL NOUNS
 
3
Plural FormationRuleSingular Plural Singular Plural
Add ‘
en
ox oxen child children
Irregular Plural
1.
 
No change in plural form.sheep trout cod swine deer fishsalmon perch bison moose offspring2.
 
By adding – s to some unusual nouns. Note where the s isplaced.
Singular Plural
brother in - law brothers in - lawson in law sons in lawmouse trap mouse trapspasser by passers bymaid servant maid servantsstep son step sonsdaughter in law daughters in – lawman of war men of war3.
 
Some nouns are used
only in the plural
.scissors spectacles pincers trouserstongs shorts clothes measles4.
 
Some nouns appear to be plural in form news mathematics gymnastics statisticsbut are
used in thesingular.
 

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