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Eucharist Study Guide DONE

Eucharist Study Guide DONE

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Published by Brennan McGinn

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Published by: Brennan McGinn on Dec 03, 2012
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Eucharist Study Guide
Eucharist- The Eucharist is the source and summit of Catholic life. The Eucharist comes from theJewish ritual of Passover. Because the last supper was a Passover, at every meal we gathertogether (mass) there is bread and wine. The bread and wine was a staple in the life of the Jews.Mass- Mass makes Christ present through the Eucharist. The bread and wine acquire the truefeeling of God. Through people gathering, ministers or priests, and scripture, we can make Christpresent in the mass and Eucharist.Congregational- In Vatican II, Pope John 23
rd
made changes to the church so that the structurewould be more communal. One of the changes was make all songs (except one) congregational.Pamphlets were handed out so that all could participate.Amen-
Amen means, “I believe”. Timothy Dolan said that Milwaukee parishes were not reverent
enough, so he told us to receive communion with dominant hand, bow at the Eucharist, and sayAmen after you receive it.Passover- The Passover was a staple of Jewish life, and is a ritual from their culture. These mealsinvolve bread and wine and there is much symbolism in the Old Testament. Mosses and thePassover, manna, and Malchezideck are all stories that involve the bread.Transubstantiation- Transubstantiation is the changing of the bread and the wine into the bodyand blood of Jesus Christ. This change is invisible, and requires faith from the individual and thecommunity for it to have an affect.Catechumens- After the homily, the catechumens leave the mass. In the times of EarlyChristianity, catechumens would not go to house churches.Sacrarium- The sacrarium is the special sink, usually inside every parish, in which the extra wine,ashes, oil, (etc.) is dumped. This sink goes directly into the earth, because we are returning sacred
creations of God into something that is clean and won’t damage the sacredness of the items.
Liturgy- Since Vatican II, the mass has become more communal, scripture is primary, and is done
in the vernacular language. The liturgy’s structure came fr 
om St. Justin Martyr who wrote lettersin 155.Deacon-ate- This element of Catholicism returned in Vatican II after disappearing in the 6
th
 century.
 
Epiclesis- This is the calling of the Holy Spirit to transform the bread and Wine into the Body andBlood. The change itself is called transubstantiation.Intercessions (6)- There are 6 intercessions in the mass. They go in this order: petitions forreligious leaders, petitions for political leaders, petitions that are ecumenical, petition for the
school or parish that the mass is being held, a petition for what’s happening in the world, and a
petition for the sick, dying, ill.Latin- Council of Trent stated that the mass must be done in the official language of the church,Latin, and not the vernacular.Tithing- The gifts of Christianity today consist of bread, wine and tithing. Tithing is giving 10percent of our income to the church, five percent of which is donated from the church to the poor.Reconciliation- The penitential rite does not forgive mortal sins only venial sins, need confessionto forgive mortal sins. Need to go to confession once year. Penitential season (Lent/ Advent) arethe best times for reconciliation.High Priest- Responsible for performing the four sacrifices (Day of atonement, Gift offering,Peace offering, and covenant offering) Jesus is the highest of high priests because he sacrificedhimself.Annulment- Cannot receive communion until you got an annulment. If you get divorced by thestate, you are still married in the eyes if the church. You need an annulment to say that themarriage was never valid before you can receive communion again.Sign of Peace- original intent was to reconcile with new members as well as reconcile withanybody that you may need to. This is the second challenge in the Liturgy.Homily- Interpretation and application of the gospel. Catechumens leave after this.Consecration- Only a priest can consecrate the bread. Once it is consecrated, we believe it is thereal presence of Jesus.Melchizedeck- Figure of the Old Testament. The story of him and Abraham was the first mentionof the Eucharist in the O.TPrecept- A command of God. The four that pertain to Eucharist are: The Sabbath is the 3
rd
 commandment, Grave sin to miss mass, fasting done an hour before mass, Must be in a state of grace.)Scripture- Vatican II said that scripture must be primary.Parousia- The second coming of Christ
 
Bread and Wine!- Expose our Jewish roots. Comes for Passover with unleavened bread and theblood of a lamb. These are the gifts of the mass.Lamb of God- Jesus is the lamb of God. Yam Kippur is not necessary because our sins have beenforgiven.Lectionary- The book that unified all the readings. 3-year cycle for the Gospels (A Mt, B Mk andJn, and C Lk) Council of Trent wrote this to uniform the readings.1.
 
What does "The Eucharist is the Source and Summit' of Christian Life" mean?It is thesummit because Eucharist is central to our spiritual life. It is the source because we are usingevery means possible to grow closer to God. Eucharist is a source of grace. 2.
 
What sets Catholic School apart from the Public School system?There are three things that
catholic schools do that public schools don’t.
We celebrate the Eucharist in all-school massesand optional liturgies. We spend time with Jesus during school (Examen, before/after school,theology class, service, retreats), and we worship God.3.
 
Be able to define the 'real presence' of Jesus in the Liturgy?There are four ways Jesus ispresent in the Liturgy: Eucharist, Minister, People, and Scripture.4.
 
Why is the Eucharist a Memorial? Why is the Eucharist a Sacrifice?Eucharist is a memorialbecause we remember what Jesus did for us. The Eucharist is a sacrifice because byremembering what Jesus did for us, God becomes truly present at the Eucharist and Liturgy. 5.
 
What is the high point
 – 
most sacred element of the Mass?The Eucharistic Prayer is the most
scared time of the mass. It comes for St. Paul’s letter to the Corinthians (51 A.D). People
were getting drunk at Agape meal and not letting the poor eat enough. St. Paul said that theEucharist is the real presence of Jesus Christ. He also gave us the words of Institution
 – 
thewords that change the bread into the body. 6.
 
Be able to communicate why Bread and Wine is the staple of Jewish life?Bread and wine isthe staple of Jewish life because they were incorporated at every meal. It was also veryimportant to the Jews because of its relation to the Passover. 

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