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Reading Notes: Erving Goffman - The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

Reading Notes: Erving Goffman - The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

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Published by Klara Benda
This is my reading notes for Erving Goffman's 1969 book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Passages relevant for my work are copied word by word. These citations appear in quotation marks, with exact page numbers. Otherwise, I briefly sketched the content of the book. I also kept the original headings. My own comments are marked BK, some of these are in Hungarian.
This is my reading notes for Erving Goffman's 1969 book, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Passages relevant for my work are copied word by word. These citations appear in quotation marks, with exact page numbers. Otherwise, I briefly sketched the content of the book. I also kept the original headings. My own comments are marked BK, some of these are in Hungarian.

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Published by: Klara Benda on Jan 31, 2009
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02/16/2015

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Erving Goffman:The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
1969Allen Lane The Penguin Press, London.
Notes
Table of Contents
 
Introduction
Összefoglalás: A társas helyzetben jelenlévő mások információforrást jelentenek, hogy mi fogtörténni, ezért mindenki igyekszik kedvező benyomást kelteni, ami a saját ügyeielőmozdítását segíti. A keltett benyomás persze olyan lehet, aminek meg tud felelni az egyén:ezt a képet nem csak az egyén védelmezi, hanem a társak is, ez a tapintat. A képfenntartásában egyaránt részt vesz az egyén és a társak.“When an individual enters the presence of others, they commonly seek to acquireinformation about him or to bring into play information about him already possessed. Theywill be interested in his general socio-economic status, his conception of self, his attitudetowards them, his competence, his trustworthiness, etc. Although some of this information issought as an end in itself, there are usually quite practical reasons for acquiring it. Informationabout the individual helps to define the situation, enabling others to know in advance what hewill expect of them and what they may expect of him. Informed in these ways, the others willknow how best to act in order to call forth a desired response from him.” p. 1.Expressiveness of the individual: the expressions
he gives
and those
he gives off 
. p. 2.“when the individual is in the immediate presence of others, his activity will have a promissory character.” p. 2.“it is only in the world of social interaction that the objects about which they make inferenceswill purposefully facilitate and hinder this inferential process ” [unlike in the physical world] p. 3.“the necessity of acting on the basis of inferences” p. 3.The individual will be interested in making a favourable show of himself. So others for  judging his true personality will pay more attention to those expressions that cannot bemanipulated, that are regularly given off. p. 6.Interactional modus vivendi, a working consensus, a single over-all definition of the situation(BK: is that really single). p. 9.There is a tendency to accept the definitional claims made by those present. p. 9.“Society is organized on the principle that any individual who possesses certain socialcharacteristics has a moral right to expect that others will value and treat him in anappropriate way. Connected with this principle is a second, namely that an individual whoimplicitly or explicitly signifies he has certain social characteristics ought in fact to be whathe claims he is.” p. 11.Definitional disruptions also occur, however, quite often; there are also preventive practices.“When the individual employs these strategies or tactics to protect his own projections, wemay refer to them as ’defensive practices’; when a participant employs them to save thedefinition of the situation projected by another, we speak of ’protective practices’ or ’tact’.

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