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A Snapshot - 2012 Update. Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific

A Snapshot - 2012 Update. Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific

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Published by Oswar Mungkasa

this document is produced by the UNICEF Regional Office for East Asia and the Pacific

this document is produced by the UNICEF Regional Office for East Asia and the Pacific

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Published by: Oswar Mungkasa on Dec 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2013

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 A
S
NAPSHOT
 
2012
 
U
PDATE
S
 ANITATION AND
H
YGIENE
IN
E
 AST
 A
SIA AND THE
P
 ACIFIC
 
 
 
 A Snapshot of Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific
– 
2012 Update 1
 
Overview
The East Asia and Pacific Region has made gains over the last 20 years:
 
The proportion of people using improved sanitation increased by 35 percentage pointsbetween 1990 and 2010 (more than double the rate of the world as a whole)
 
East Asia and the Pacific is the only UNICEF region
*
already to have met the MDG sanitationtarget
 
The proportion of people whopractice open defecation hasdropped to just 5 percent inthe region
 
823 million more people useimproved sanitation than20 years ago, the majority of them in China
However, significant challengesremain:
 
Six countries in the region arenot on track to meet the MDGsanitation target
 
671 million people are stillwithout access to improvedsanitation in the region, morethan in sub-Saharan Africa
 
Progress in the Pacific sub-region has stalled: theproportion of people usingimproved sanitation has notchanged in 20 years (51%)
 
Coverage disparities are pronounced, with national improved sanitation rates ranging fromless than one-third of the population (Cambodia) to more than 95 per cent in 7 countries
 
Coverage is also highly inequitable within countries: richer households and urban dwellersare much more likely to use improved sanitation than poorer and rural households
 
New data indicates that handwashing-with-soap rates are lower in rural areas and muchlower in poor households in some countries
 
Institutional monitoring data indicates that many primary schools still lack adequatesanitation facilities for school children
Information about this Snapshot
 
This snapshot is produced by the UNICEF Regional Office for East Asia and the Pacific
 
Unless otherwise indicated, data in this snapshot is from the WHO/UNICEF Joint MonitoringProgramme for Water Supply and Sanitation 2010 dataset, the latest available (see page 8 forfull citations and credits)
 
The UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Region encompasses 27 countries; 12 in East Asia and 15 inthe Pacific (*UNICEF regions differ slightly from JMP and MDG regions: see last page for listing)
Regional and World Sanitation Coverage Trends
 East Asiaand the PacificWorld Total
32677164812135
1990 2010
   C  o  v  e  r  a  g  e   (   %   )
 
496361120112515
1990 2010
 
OpenDefecationUnimprovedFacilitiesSharedFacilitiesImprovedFacilities
 
 
 A Snapshot of Sanitation and Hygiene in East Asia and the Pacific
– 
2012 Update 2
 
Progress and Challenges
Of the 823 million new sanitation users,most live in ChinaSeven countries in the region are
not 
ontrack to meet the MDG sanitation target
Sanitation Gap in Off-Track
*
Countries
 
Number of people who gained access to improvedsanitation from 1990 to 2010, millions
 
Gap between the required coverage in 2010 if countrywere on-track and actual 2010 coverage (%). * Includescountries in the
‘progress but insufficient JMP category.
 
Sanitation coverage varies significantly from country to country
Improved sanitation coverage in East Asia and Pacific countries, 2010, national, per cent, with Region and Worldcomparators (no data available for Kiribati, Micronesia and the Solomon Islands)
China, 593Indonesia, 71Viet Nam, 42Philippines, 34Rest of region,83
Millionsof peoplegaining access,1990 to 2010
151114151623
SamoaIndonesiaTimor-LesteCambodiaNauruMongoliaPapua New Guinea
3147515463647476 768096 96455765758385939698100 100 1006763
020406080100
   C  o  v  e  r  a  g  e   (   %   )
East AsiaPacific
Region

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