Factors that influence the choice of digital modulation:
A desirable modulation scheme should provide:
Low bit error rates at low received signal to noise ratio.
Performs well in multi-path and fading conditions, and in interferenceenvironment.
Occupies a minimum bandwidth.
Easy and cost-effective to implement.
Cost and complexity of the receiver subscribers must be minimized.
Modulation which is simple to detect is most attractive.
: There is no modulation scheme that satisfies all these requirements, sotrade-offs are made when selecting a modulation scheme.
The performance of a modulation scheme :
We assess the performance of the modulation scheme by measuring the
Power efficiency (
Power spectral density.
220.127.116.11 Power effic
is defined as the required E
(Ratio of the signal energy perbit to noise power spectral density) at the input of the receiver for a certain bit errorprobability P
over an AWGN channel.Power efficiency describes the ability of a modulation technique to preserve the biterror probability of digital message at low power levels.In digital modulation systems, in order to increase the noise immunity, it is necessaryto increase the signal power, so there is a trade-off between the signal power and thebit error probability. The power efficiency is a measure of how favorably this trade-off is made.
18.104.22.168 Bandwidth efficiency (Spectral efficiency)
describes the ability of a modulation scheme to accommodatedata within a limited bandwidth.As the data rate increases, pulse width of the digital symbols decreases and hence thebandwidth increases.
eqn (1.1)The system capacity of a digital mobile communication system is directly related tothe bandwidth efficiency for a modulation scheme.So a modulation scheme with greater value
will transmit more data in a givenspectrum allocation.
the maximum possible bandwidth efficiency is limited by the noise in thechannel according to
Where C is the channel capacity in bps , and S/N is the signal to noise ratio