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Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibliography

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Published by Michele Belue
Annotated Bib
Annotated Bib

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Published by: Michele Belue on Dec 04, 2012
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Annotated BibliographyCould Robots Eventually Replace Humans?Michele BelueProfessor Malcolm CampbellEnglish 1103October 18, 2012
 
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Annotated Bibliography
Freedman, David H. "The Rise Of The Robotic Work Force."
 Inc
34.8 (2012): 76.
 MasterFILE Complete
. Web. 9 Oct. 2012.This article begins with the meeting of Scott Eckert, a former Dell executive fromMassachusetts, and Rodney Brooks, the co-founder of the company iRobot, maker of theRoomba vacuuming robot, and the founder of his most recent company, Rethink Robots.Brooks had been working on a highly intelligent humanoid robot known as Baxter. Thisrevolutionary robot was designed to be powerful, cheap, easy to use, and versatile.Baxter started out as a small arm that could shakily grab and lift a plastic disk, but in littletime it evolved into something much more ambitious. Not only does Baxter resemble ahuman, it can think like one too. Instead of having a precise, angular range of motion, thisrobot’s arm is actually guided by a human to do a task, and then it does the task multipletimes from different angles until it finds the most comfortable, efficient way. Baxter ismade to work beside humans, being integrated with sensors to “know” when someone isnear so it can freeze, and it can perform and learn any range of tasks in minutes. Sellingat only $22,000, costing less than a minivan, companies can purchase this robot and haveit pay for itself in months, according to Brooks. This source suggests that within years,robots similar to Baxter will outshine humans and replace millions of jobs in the U.S.alone. These advanced robots are requiring a lot of human contact since they are trained by having someone show them how to perform a task, rather than being programmed.This article is written by David H Freedman, author and contributing editor of Inc.Magazine, who has written on science, business, and technology for 
The Atlantic, The New York Times, The Harvard Business Review, Science,
and many more publications. I
 
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would say he is credible and this source is reliable. This piece is slightly biased becausehe poses questions from both sides of the ethical argument of robots; however he swaystowards the production of robots. For example, he brings to attention the possibility of robots replacing millions of jobs of Americans, but then he adds that Brooks believesrobots replacing mindless, repetitive jobs will boost cost savings and productivity tocreate growth and open up more interesting positions. The article is also filled withwords with positive connotations describing Baxter, such as friendly, laid back, game-changing, revolutionary, and helpful, which suggests the author is for the production of Baxter.Since I am exploring the possibility of robots replacing humans, this source is a great wayto show that robots are already being created to do just that. In order for robots to replacehumans, they must be integrated into society. And in order for that to happen, they mustlook and think as humans do. This entire article describes how Baxter possessescountless human qualities and has the ability to adapt to humans and work efficientlywith them.Halpern, Mark. "Military Robots And The Redefinition Of "Autonomy."
Vocabula Review
11.12(2009): 1-12.
 Literary Reference Center Plus
. Web. 17 Oct. 2012.This academic journal explores the issue of robots having autonomy, which basicallymeans one’s freedom or independence. Mark Halpern argues that people have conjured amisleading image of fictional robots from the rich literature that entails them, such asMary Shelley’s
 Frankenstein
. However, the master of robotics would have to be IsaacAsimov, who wrote numerous futuristic science-fiction stories and novels abouthumanoid robots that had relationships with humans. Asimov’s “Three Laws of 

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