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Vienna

Vienna

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Published by Josie Tomodachi
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Published by: Josie Tomodachi on Dec 04, 2012
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Vienna1
Vienna
ViennaWien
Left
 – 
right, top
 – 
bottom: Rathaus, Schloss Schönbrunn, Riesenrad, Staatsoper, Stephansdom, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Stephansplatz, Sachertorte,Johann-Strauß-Denkmal, Sezession, Donau City, Hundertwasserhaus
FlagSealCoat of arms
Vienna
Location of Vienna in AustriaCoordinates: 48°12
32
N 16°22
21
E
Country
Austria
State
Wien
Government 
Mayor
Michael Häupl (SPÖ)
 
Vienna2
 
Vice-Mayor
Maria Vassilakou (Grüne)
Area 
City
414.65 km
2
(160.1 sq mi)
 
Land
395.26 km
2
(152.61 sq mi)
 
Water
19.39 km
2
(7.49 sq mi)
Elevation
151 (Lobau)
 – 
542 (Hermannskogel) m (495
 – 
1778 ft)
Population
(2011)
 
City
1731236
Density
4002.2/km
2
(10,366/sq mi)
Urban
1,983,836
Metro
ca. 2419000
 
Ethnicity[1] [2]
61.2% Austrian38.8% OtherStatistik Austria,[3]VCÖ
 – 
Mobilität mit Zukunft[4]
Time zone
CET (UTC+1)
 
Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Website
www.wien.gv.at[5]
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Centre of Vienna
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
[6]
Country
Austria
Type
Cultural
Criteria
ii, iv, vi
Reference
1033[7]
UNESCO region
 [8]
Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription
2001 (25th Session)
Vienna
(/vi
ːˈɛ
n
ə
 /; German: Wien [vi
) is the capital and the largest city of Austria, andone of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a populationof about 1.731 million
[9]
(2.4 million within the metropolitan area,
more than 25% of Austria's population),and is byfar the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the9th-largest city by population in the European Union. Until the beginning of the 20th century it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before thesplitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I the city had 2 million inhabitants.
Vienna is host tomany major international organizations, including the United Nations and OPEC. The city lies in the east of Austriaand is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. These regions work together in aEuropean Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 millioninhabitants. In 2001, the city centre was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
[11]
 
Vienna3Apart from being regarded as the
City of Music
[12]
because of its musical legacy, Vienna is also said to be "The Cityof Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psycho-analyst - Sigmund Freud.
[13]
The city's roots lie in earlyCeltic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city, the capital of theAustro-Hungarian Empire. It is well known for playing an essential role as a leading European Music Centre, fromthe great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The Historic centre of Vienna is richin architectural ensembles, including Baroque castles and gardens, as well as the late-19th-century Ringstrasse linedwith grand buildings, monuments and parks.
[14]
In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver,Canada) for the world's most livable cities (in the 2012 survey of 140 cities Vienna was ranked number two, behindMelbourne).
[15][16][17]
For three consecutive years (2009
 – 
2011), the human-resource-consulting firm Mercer rankedVienna first in its annual "Quality of Living" survey of hundreds of cities around the world.
[18][19][20]
Monocle's2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within"(up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).
[21][22][23][24]
The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and 2nd globally (out of 256 cities)after Boston in the 2009 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering 3 areas: culture,infrastructure and markets.
[25]
Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case studyby urban planners.
[26]
Each year since 2005, Vienna has been the world's number one destination for international congresses andconventions.
[27]
Vienna attracts about five million tourists a year.
[28]
Name
The English name
Vienna
is borrowed from the Italian name
Vienna
. "Vienna" and the official German name
Wien
,and the names of the city in most languages, are thought to be derived from the Celtic word "windo-", meaningbright or fair
 – 
as in the Irish "fionn" and the Welsh "gwyn"
 – 
but opinions vary on the precise origin. Some claimthat the name comes from
Vedunia
, meaning "forest stream," which subsequently became Venia, Wienne and Wien.Others claim that the name comes from the Roman settlement of Celtic name
Vindobona
(Celtic "windo-bona"),probably meaning "white base/bottom [land]," which became Vindovina, Vídeň (Czech) and Wien.
[29]
The name of the city in Hungarian (
 Bécs
), Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian (
 Beč 
) and Ottoman Turkish (
 Beç
) appearsto have a different, Slavonic origin, and originally referred to an Avar fort in the area.
[30]
In Slovene, the city iscalled
 Dunaj
, which in other Slavic languages means the Danube River, on which it is located.
History
Vienna in 1493 from the Nuremberg Chronicle
Evidence of continuous habitation has been found since 500 BC, whenthe site of Vienna on the Danube River was settled by the Celts. In 15BC, the Romans fortified the frontier city they called Vindobona toguard the empire against Germanic tribes to the north.Close ties with other Celtic peoples continued through the ages. TheIrish monk Saint Colman (or Koloman, Irish
Colmán
, derived from
colm
"dove") is buried in Melk Abbey and Saint Fergil (Virgil theGeometer) was Bishop of Salzburg for forty years, and twelfth century monastic settlements were founded by IrishBenedictines. Evidence of these ties are still evident in Vienna's great Schottenstift monastery, once home to manyIrish monks.

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