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TGR2ndQ2000

TGR2ndQ2000

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Published by Vin Morgan

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Vin Morgan on Feb 01, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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06/16/2009

 
The Granger Report-2ndQ/2000
 
2nd Quarter - April 17, 2000
 
Masthead photos: Walter and Anna Granger, ca. 1900.
 
American Museum of Natural HistoryExposed!
 Kenn Harper's
Give Me Back My Father's Body
(Steerforth Press, 2000) is a
must read
. Itis the gripping account of the American Museumof Natural History's outrageous treatment of Minik Peary Wallace, his fellow Eskimos, hisAmerican family, and the tragedies that followed.It also details other infringements by the Museum.While our own project does not involve anythingas appalling as what befell Minik, the rest of whatHarper relates is all too familiar to us.You will never forget this story. It is about truthand abuse. Kenn Harper deserves a medal, as doesSteerforth Press.Link to Steerforth Press's summary of 
Give Me Back My Father's Body
may be found below.
SO WHICH IS IT: - CAE (1922-1930) or CAE(1921-1930), CAE or CAE (formerly TAE)?
You and I know that the Central AsiaticExpeditions began in 1921 and ended in 1930.Right? They went from 1921 to 1930, not 1922 to1930. Right?
SMART PERSON'S GUIDE TO BONECABIN QUARRY. Fact: Bone Cabin Quarrywas discovered by Walter Granger in 1897.
 To be sure, imprecise, inaccurate or even wildlyconflicting accounts of the Bone Cabin discoverynear Medicine Bow, Wyoming have beenpublished throughout the years, some of them byAMNH's own. Nevertheless, ourtright distortionscontained in a recent childrens' book by BrookeAstor,
Tyrannosaurus Rex and Barnum Brown
 (Troll Books, 1999) are truly disturbing.Solid historical accounts of paleontology, as wellas the factual and documented record, establishthat Walter Granger discovered the Bone Cabinsite in 1897. Before obfuscation in later versions,even Edwin Colbert's original presentation of this event in
 Dinosaurs: Their Discovery and Their World 
(Hutchison, 1962) held that BoneCabin was discovered in 1987 by WalterGranger. As Colbert wrote it:In 1897 [Osborn] sent WalterGranger...to Como Bluff....Granger found that the oldMarsh quarries were pretty poorpicking--they had been cleanedout. He therefore scoured thecountryside several miles to thenorth of Como Bluff, and one fine
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The Granger Report-2ndQ/2000
Right! So, why do most sources get it wrong?They almost always cite the Central AsiaticExpeditions as having occurred from 1922 to1930, never 1921 to 1930.Why? Herdism -- lack of original research.Despite all the years of paleontological,paleoanthropological, anthropological,archaelogical, herpetological, and zoologicalwork done throughout China during the 1920s byvarious members of the Central AsiaticExpedition, most "histories" deal only with thefive seasons in the Gobi beginning in 1922, sincethat is what made them famous.But in 1921 a few Expedition members carriedthe flag and spent equal time in much moredangerous parts of China, with much lessprotection. Walter Granger, for example, spentfour winter seasons in the warlord-torn YangtzeValley, as well as all five summers in the Gobi.Herpetologist Clifford H. Pope never made it tothe Gobi, though he spent five years in southernChina. Archaeologist Nels C. Nelson joinedGranger's work in the Yangtze Valley for twowinters, as did Anna Granger (who published onit in
 Natural History
magazine) and Mrs. Nelson.This China work was actually termed the ChineseBranch of the Central Asiatic Expeditions.Several Chinese assistants who worked withGranger in the Gobi also worked with him in theYangtze Valley. Buckshot (Kan Chuen Pao), Liu(Liu De-Ling), Liu Hsi-Ka (Liu Hsi Ku), Chow,Chih (Hsiao Luen), and the American-educatedJames V. Wong.Regrettably none of Roy Andrews' booksformally lists the Chinese and Mongolianmembers of the Expeditions. Dr. Chang Xiti(Zhang Xi-ti), for example, was the co-leader of the 1930 expedition. C.C. Young (Yangday he found what he wanted. Inthe middle of an open plain was asmall, solid cabin, built by asheepherder as his own domicile.Granger found to his amazementthat the cabin was built out of hugedinosaur bones! And all over theground around the cabin weremore bones, weathering out of therocks in which they had beenentombed for so many millions of years.Colbert got it a bit wrong even here. Osborndidn't send Granger alone to Como Bluff. JacobL. Wortman led a 5-person field party whichincluded Granger as his second-in-command.How Colbert and others have managed toseriously muck up the BCQ facts in lateraccounts (eg., see Colbert's recent chapter in
TheComplete Dinosaur,
Indiana Press, 1997) isanother story which I'll tell someday.Even the AMNH can't get it right (but then, seeKenn Harper's
Give Me My Father's Body
). Thelast time I visited their website blurb on WalterGranger (which was quite some time ago, I'lladmit), they had him working at Bone CabinQuarry in 1894 -- 3 years before he discoveredit! M. Norell's
 Discovering Dinosaurs
(Knopf,1995) isn't any clearer either, except that at page186 in the upper left hand corner Norell doesacknowledge that Jacob L. (Norell incorrectlynoted "I.") Wortman and Walter Granger led thework both at Como Bluff and Bone CabinQuarry (Wortman through 1898 and Grangerfrom 1899 forward). At page 187, however,Norell glosses over the fact that Brown wasn't inthe vicinity at all in 1898 and after and generallyconfuses the chronology.The AMNH party scouring the old O.C. Marshsites at Como Bluff in 1897 was led by Jacob L.Wortman. Walter Granger was Wortman's
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The Granger Report-2ndQ/2000
Zhongjian) was a member who became very wellknown in later years.This decade-long exploration was also composedof members from Sweden, France, Canada, and[still secret]. It actually began as Third AsiaticExpedition; the name change to Central AsiaticExpeditions was ordered by Henry Osborn toenhance its image. That's why you see "TAE"(Third Asiatic Expedition) in some of the originalmaterials and "CAE" (Central AsiaticExpeditions) in others.By the way, Granger didn't like Osborn's changeso he kept right on using the fossil specimenlabels originally printed "Third AsiaticExpeditions." Hey, maybe that's why it took solong for the modern types to "rediscover"Granger's
 Mononykus
specimen in AMNH'sbasement where it lay unnoticed for so manyyears. They looking for the wrong label?--Vin Morgan
TRIVIA
We sometimes hear it suggested that since WalterGranger never finished high school, let alonecollege and beyond, his rapid rise to lasting pre-eminence in the field of paleontology neverthelesscarried a "blue collar" taint -- he lacked formalschooling. You know, the whole ph.d. thing, as in"credentials."Well, Granger had something else going for himthat gave him great confidence: he came from along ancestral line of good blood, common sense,and natural smarts. Granger's family tree was adelicious mix of accomplished and prominentGrangers, Haynes, Perrys, and Morgans includingLauncelot Granger (arrived America in 1650s),Launcelot's wife Joanna Adams (cousin of Johnsecond-in-command. The other members of theparty that season were H. William Menke andBarnum Brown. Thus, the field crew list forBone Cabin Quarry in 1897 was:Jacob L. WortmanWalter GrangerAlbert "Bill" ThomsonH. William MenkeBarnum BrownOf AMNH types, only William D. Matthew,Handel T. Martin, and Henry F. Osborn visitedComo Bluff in 1897 and it was for just a brief time earlier in the season -- well before Grangerwas to ride off to discover Bone Cabin. Albert"Bill" Thomson and H. William Menke were truefield hands: Barnum Brown was then simply anAMNH intern just out of college working parttime for the summer and hoping to begingraduate school at Columbia that fall. Althoughhe had some field experience, Brown was in factstill about as green as one could get -- he was thehelper, the helper to field veterans Wortman,Granger, Thomson, and Menke.Toward the end of the 1897 season, as ComoBluff appeared to be playing out, Wortmandecided to send Granger to reconnoiter nearbyoutcrops they'd spotted. Granger did so byhorseback and within an hour came upon theremnants of a sheepherder's cabin built out of dinosaur fossil chunks. Granger immediatelyrealized that the entire area of rubble surroundingit was rich in dinosaur fossil chunks. Since theywere so near the end of the 1897 season,Wortman and Granger decided to wait until nextseason, 1898, to open and quarry the Bone Cabinlocality. They felt that commencing excavationof the site that late in the 1897 season wouldleave it too exposed and enticing to poachersafter they'd departed for the winter. Hence thedistinction between the discovery of Bone Cabin
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