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Islam 101

Islam 101



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Published by Vienna1683
Covers the fundamental beliefs of Islam.
Covers the fundamental beliefs of Islam.

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Published by: Vienna1683 on Feb 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Islam 101
 by Gregory M. Davisauthor,
Islam 101 is meant to help people become better educated about the fundamentals of Islam and tohelp the more knoledgeable better convey the facts to others. !imilarly, my book and documentary are meant to serve as concise e"planations of the ma#or moving parts of Islam and their implications for $estern society. Islam 101 is a condensation of the book and documentary  ith the aim of lending clarity to the public understanding of Islam and of e"posing the inade%uacy of prevailing vies. &ll should feel free to distribute and/or reproduce it.'able of (ontents1) 'he *asics
a) The Five Pillars of Islamb) The Quran -- the Book of Allahc) The Sunnah -- the "Way" of the Prohet !uhammai# Battle of Barii# Battle of $huiii# Battle of !einaiv# %on&uest of !ecca) Sharia 'a(
+) ihad and Dhimmitude
a) What oes "iha" mean*b) !uslim Scholar +asan Al-Banna on ihac) ,ar al-Islam an ar al-harb the +ouse of Islam an the +ouse of
Wari) Ta&iyya -- .eli/ious ,ecetion) 0iha Throu/h +istoryi) The First !aor Wave of 0iha the Arabs1 233-456 A,ii) The Secon !aor Wave of 0iha the Turks1 7647-7289 A,e) The ,himmaf) 0iha in the !oern :ra
-) (onclusion) re%uently &sked uestions
a) What about the %rusaes*b) If Islam is violent1 (hy are so many !uslims eaceful*c) What about the violent assa/es in the Bible*) %oul an Islamic ".eformation" acify Islam*e) What about the history of Western colonialism in the Islamic (orl*f) +o( can a violent olitical ieolo/y be the secon-lar/est an fastest-/ro(in/ reli/ion on earth*/) Is it fair to aint all Islamic schools of thou/ht as violent*h) What about the /reat achievements of Islamic civili;ation*
) Glossary of 'erms2) urther 3esources
1. The Basicsa. The Five Pillars of Islam
'he five pillars of Islam constitute the most basic tenets of the religion. 'hey are4
7# Faith <iman) in the oneness of Allah an the =nality of the rohethoo of !uhamma <inicate by the eclaration >the Shahaah? that1 "There is no @o but Allah an !uhamma is the messen/er of Allah")#3# eein/ of the =ve scheule aily rayers <salah)#9# Alms/ivin/ <;akat)## Fastin/ <sa(m)#5# Pil/rima/e <ha) to !ecca for those (ho are able#
'he five pillars in and of themselves do not tell us a lot about the faith or hat a Muslim is supposed to believe or ho he should act. 'he second through fifth pillars 55 prayer, almsgiving, fasting, pilgrimage 55 are aspects shared by many religions. 'he finality of the prophethood of Muhammad, hoever, is uni%ue to Islam. 'o understand Islam and hat it means to be a Muslim, e must come to understand Muhammad as ell as the revelations given through him by &llah,  hich make up the uran.
 b. The Quran -- the Book of Allah
 &ccording to Islamic teaching, the uran came don as a series of revelations from &llah throughthe &rchangel Gabriel to the 6rophet Muhammad, ho then dictated it to his folloers. Muhammad7s companions memori8ed fragments of the uran and rote them don on hatever as at hand, hich ere later compiled into book form under the rule of the third (aliph, 9thman, some years after Muhammad7s death.'he uran is about as long as the (hristian :e 'estament. It comprises 11 suras ;not to be confused ith the !ira, hich refers to the life of the 6rophet) of varying lengths, hich may be considered chapters. &ccording to Islamic doctrine, it as around 210 &D in a cave near the city of Mecca ;no in southest !audi &rabia) that Muhammad received the first revelation from  &llah by ay of the &rchangel Gabriel. 'he revelation merely commanded Muhammad to <recite< or <read< ;!ura =2)> the ords he as instructed to utter ere not his on but &llah7s. ?ver the ne"t telve or so years in Mecca, other revelations came to Muhammad that constituted a message to the inhabitants of the city to forsake their pagan ays and turn in orship to the one  &llah.

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