This report summarizes hospital-acquired infection (HAI) rates in New York State (NYS)hospitals in 2011. It is the fifth annual report to be issued since reporting began in 2007following implementation of Public Health Law 2819. All New York State (NYS) HAI reportsare available at the following web site:http://www.health.ny.gov/statistics/facilities/hospital/hospital_acquired_infections/HAIs are infections acquired as a result of treatment in a hospital. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were an estimated 1.7 million healthcare-associated infections and 99,000 deaths from those infections in 2002.
A recent CDC reportestimated the annual medical costs of healthcare-associated infections in U.S. hospitals to be between $28 and $45 billion, adjusted to 2007 dollars.
In 2011, NYS hospitals were required to report central line-associated blood stream infections(CLABSIs) in intensive care units (ICUs), surgical site infections (SSIs) following colon, hipreplacement, and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries, and
) infections. In 2011, 177 acute care hospitals reported HAI data.Hospitals report to NYS using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). This online system allows hospitals, NYS, andCDC to concurrently monitor the same data. The NHSN has become the standard for reporting inthe United States, with 28 states using the NHSN for mandatory reporting. All states use thesame surveillance definitions when reporting via NHSN. Additional information about the NHSN can be found at http://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/.
Surgical Site Infection (SSI) Rates
SSIs are infections that occur after an operation in the part of the body where the surgery took place.
Colon surgery is a procedure performed on the lower part of the digestive tract, which iscalled the large intestine or colon. In 2011, the NYS colon SSI rate was 5.3 infections per 100 procedures; this rate was 10% lower than the NYS 2007 baseline rate of 5.9infections per 100 procedures. This decline occurred in 2008, and the NYS colon SSIrate has been stable since then.