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Windows Xp

Windows Xp

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Published by Rizwan Nadeem
windows xp
windows xp

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Published by: Rizwan Nadeem on Feb 01, 2009
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01/29/2011

 
Windows xp
Windows XP
is a line of operating systems
 
produced by Microsoft for use on Personalcomputers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and mediacenters. The name "XP" stands for e
 XP 
erience. Windows XP is the successor to bothWindows 2000 professional and Windows me, and is the first consumer-orientedoperating system produced by Microsoft to be built on the Windows nt kernel (version5.1) and architecture. Windows XP was first released on 25 October 2001, and over 400million copies were in use in January 2006, according to an estimate in that month by anIdc analyst. It is succeeded by Windows vista, which was released to volume licensecustomers on 8 November 2006, and worldwide to the general public on 30 January2007. Direct oem and retail sales of Windows XP ceased on 30 June 2008, although it isstill possible to obtain Windows XP from system builders (smaller OEMs who sellassembled computers) until 31 July 2009 or by purchasing Windows Vista Ultimate or Business and then downgrading to Windows XPThe most common editions of theoperating system are Windows XP Home Edition, which is targeted at home users, andWindows XP Professional, which offers additional features such as support for Windowsserver domains and two physical processor, and is targeted at power users, business andenterprise clients. Windows XP Media Center Edition has additional multimedia featuresenhancing the ability to record and watch TV shows, view DVD movies, and listen tomusic. Windows XP Tablet PC Edition is designed to run ink-aware applications builtusing the Tablet PC platform. Two separate 64-Bit versions of Windows XP were alsoreleased, Windows XP 64-bit Edition for la -64(Itanium) processors and Windows XPProfessional x64 Edition for x86-64. There is also Windows XP Embedded, acomponentized version of the Windows XP Professional, and editions for specificmarkets such as Windows XP Starter Edition.Windows XP is known for its improved stability and efficiency over the 9x versions of Microsoft windows It presents a significantly redesigned graphical user interface, a
 
change Microsoft promoted as more user-friendly than previous versions of Windows. New software management capabilities were introduced to avoid the "DLL hell " that plagued older consumer-oriented 9x versions of Windows. It is also the first version of Windows to use product activation to combat soft ware piracy , a restriction that did notsit well with some users and privacy advocates. Windows XP has also been criticized bysome users for security vulnerabilities, tight integration of applications such as InternetInternet 6 and Windows Media Player, and for aspects of its default user interface. Later versions with Service Pack 2, and Internet Explorer 7 addressed some of these concerns.During development, the project was codenamed "
Whistler
", after Whistler , BritishColombia, as many Microsoft employees skied at the Whistler-Blackcomb ski resort.As of the end of November 2008, Windows XP is the most widely used operating systemin the world with a 66.31% market share, having peaked at 85% in December 2006
Editions
Diagram representing the main editions of Windows XP. It is based on the category of theedition (grey) and codebase (black arrow).The two major editions are Windows XP Home Edition, designed for home users, andWindows XP Professional, designed for business and power-users. XP Professionalcontains advanced features that the average home user would not use. However, thesefeatures are not necessarily missing from XP Home. They are simply disabled, but arethere and
can
become functional. These releases were made available at retail outlets thatsell computer software, and were pre-installed on computers sold by major computer manufacturers. As of mid-2008, both editions continue to be sold. A third edition, calledWindows XP Media Center Edition was introduced in 2002 and was updated every year until 2006 to incorporate new digital media, broadcast television and Media center extender capabilities. Unlike the Home and Professional edition, it was never madeavailable for retail purchase, and was typically either sold through OEM channels, or was pre-installed on computers that were typically marketed as "media center PCs".
 
Two different 64-bit editions were made available, one designed specifically for Itanium- based workstations, which was introduced in 2001 around the same time as the Home andProfessional editions, but was discontinued a few years later when vendors of Itaniumhardware stopped selling workstation-class machines due to low sales. The other, calledWindows XP Professional x64 Edition, supports the x86-64 extension of the Intel IA-32architecture. x86-64 is implemented by AMD as "AMD64", found in AMD's Opteron andAthnol 64chips, and implemented by Intel as "Intel 64" (formerly known as IA-32e andEM64T), found in Intel's Pentium 4 and later chips.Internet Explorer 6 running in Windows XP Tablet PC Edition.Windows XP Tablet PC Edition was produced for a class of specially designednotebook/laptop computers called tablet PCs .It is compatible with a pen-sensitive screen,supporting handwritten notes and portrait-oriented screens.Microsoft also released Windows XP Embedded, an edition for specific consumer electronics, set-top boxes, kiosks/Atms, medical devices, arcade video games, point-of-sale terminals, and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) components. In July 2006,Microsoft released Windows fundamental for legacy PCs , a thin client version of Windows XP Embedded which targets older machines (as early as the original Pentium).It is only available to software assurance customers. It is intended for corporatecustomers who would like to upgrade to Windows XP to take advantage of its securityand management capabilities, but can't afford to purchase new hardware.
Editions for specific markets
Windows XP Starter Edition is a lower-cost edition of Windows XP available inThailand, Turkey, Malaysia, Indonesia, Russia, India, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Peru,Bolivia, Chile, Mexico, Ecuador, Uruguay and Venezuela. It is similar to Windows XPHome, but is limited to low-end hardware, can only run 3 programs at a time, and hassome other features either removed or disabled by default. Each country's edition is also

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