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Hydrologic Mass Balance

Hydrologic Mass Balance

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Published by Joko Dewoto

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Published by: Joko Dewoto on Dec 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/16/2013

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HYDROLOGIC MASS BALANCEOF PERVIOUS CONCRETE PAVEMENTWITH SANDY SOILS byTHOMAS E. KUNZENB.S. University of Central Florida, 2004A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirementsfor the degree of Master of Sciencein the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineeringin the College of Engineering and Computer Scienceat the University of Central FloridaOrlando, FloridaSummer Term2006
 
ii© 2006 Thomas E. Kunzen
 
iii
ABSTRACT
Use of pervious concrete pavement as a method of stormwater management has showngreat promise in previous studies. Reduction in runoff, water quality improvements, andlong-term economic benefits are but a few of its many advantages. Regulatory agenciessuch as the St. Johns River Water Management District require further research into the performance of pervious concrete pavement before granting credits for its use as a bestmanagement practice in controlling stormwater. As a part of a larger series of studies byUCF’s Stormwater Management Academy, this thesis studies the hydrologic mass balance of pervious concrete pavement in sandy soil common in Florida.In order to conduct this study, a field experiment was constructed at the UCF Stormwater Field Lab. The experiment consisted of three 4-foot tall cylindrical polyethylene tankswith 30-inch diameters. All three tanks were placed into the side of a small embankmentand fitted with outlet piping and piezometers. The test tanks were assembled by laying a6-inch layer of gravel into the bottom of each tank, followed by a layer of Mirafigeofabric, followed by several feet of fine sand into which soil moisture probes were laidat varying depths. Two of the tanks were surfaced with 6-inch layers of portland cement pervious concrete, while the third tank was left with a bare sand surface. Mass balancewas calculated by measuring moisture influx and storage in the soil mass.Data collection was divided into three phases. The first phase ran from August to November 2005. Moisture input consisted of normal outdoor rainfall that was measured

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