MODULAR SUBSURFACE FLOW WETLAND- HTS- 2012
HYDROPONICS WASTE-WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM (HTS)
In 1997, an innovative waste water treatment system was designed in Sabah,Malaysia for a water village type resort to adequately treat septic tankdischarge/effluent rather than allowing the same untreated waste water to enterthe coastal shoreline waters in and around the resort itself. This design wasincorporated from pre-existing sub-surface flow constructed wetland designs;SSF.To reduce costs, the design allowed the existing septic tanks to remain beneatheach unit of two room chalets. Rather than having the septic tanks directlydischarging into the shallow seawater shoreline, the effluent was piped tostrategically placed collection tanks in which ozone was applied. Ozone aids inthe sterilization process as well as helping to decompose complex dissolvedorganic matter. This same ozone treated waste water was then pumped to aninventive
modular subsurface wetland / hydroponics
design that scrubbed outnutrients and reduced bacteria before being discharged into the coastal water.The discharge water from the system was clear, odorless and low in E. colibacteria counts; similar to small stream/river waters.
Sub Surface Flow (SSF) wetlands
are basically gravel - or soil- based wetlands inwhich the wastewater passes through the porous substrate rather than above animpermeable substrate. The large surface area of the media and the plant rootsalso provides ample sites for a myriad of microbial activity.