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Table Of Contents

Summary of conclusions
Conclusions in detail
Overview
Purposes of the system
The technological environment
Cost
The legal environment
Oversight
International obligations
Alternative scenarios
Overview of the legislative proposals
Background and chronology
Overview of the scheme
Overview of the scheme’s objectives
Personal information contained in the Register and on the Card
Access to the information on the national register
Overall cost of the scheme
Recovery of cost
Voluntary and compulsory elements of the scheme
Age restrictions within the legislation
Penalties for non-compliance with the legislation
Enforcement of the penalties
International environment and obligations
Background to the international context
Passport Standards: ICAO, the EU, and the U.S
ICAO Requirements
EU Specifications
U.S. border regulations
Identity Systems in other countries
United States and Drivers Licenses
The Common Travel Area & the Ireland dimension
Key objectives of the UK Scheme
National security, organised crime and terrorism
Identity fraud
Prevention and detection of crime
Benefit fraud
The European Convention on Human Rights
EU Free Movement Principles and Directive 2004/38/EC
Potential conflict with other UK laws
The Disability Discrimination Act
Potential for indirect racial discrimination
The Data Protection Act
Liability issues
Biometrics
Usability, accessibility, and acceptance of biometrics
Fingerprinting
Iris recognition and blind and visually impaired people
Multiple biometrics
The environment of public trust
Public opinion
Public expectations and perceptions
Design principles and options
The Challenges Arising from the Government’s Model
Audit trails and the arising legal questions
The audit trail and the Data Protection Act 1998
Disclosure under a Subject Access Request
Exemption for national security
Exemption for prevention and detection of crime
Differentiating between two types of audit trail events
Design Considerations and Legislative Implications of Audit Trails
The central biometric database with broad purposes
Design Considerations and Legislative Implications of Central Database
Centralised Single Identity and British Social and Economic practice
The transformation and reduction of local relationships
A constructive way forward
The French E-Government Strategic Plan
Decentralised Storage of data
Distributed Identifiers
Conclusion
Appendix One: Comparison with the HAC findings
Appendix Two: Biometrics, Public Opinion & the Public Trust
Background
The Costs of Strong Authentication
Understanding the Responses
Security
Privacy
Appendix Three: Memorandum of Laws on EU Freedom of Movement
Introduction
EU Freedom of Movement Principle
Summary
The Proposed Scheme is Arguably Incompatible with Directive 2004/28/EC
The Directive’s Derogations Do Not Appear to Permit Blanket Restrictions
Appendix Four: Data protection analysis
The National Identity Register
The Identity Card
National Identity Registration Number
General Issues
Fair and lawful processing
Data sharing
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The Identity Project UK

The Identity Project UK

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Published by Blue
The Report concludes that the establishment of a secure national identity system has the potential to create significant, though limited, benefits for society. However, the proposals currently being considered by Parliament are neither safe nor appropriate. There was an overwhelming view expressed by stakeholders involved in this Report that the proposals are too complex, technically unsafe, overly prescriptive and lack a foundation of public trust and confidence.

The technology envisioned for this scheme is, to a large extent, untested and unreliable. No scheme on this scale has been undertaken anywhere in the world. Smaller and less ambitious systems have encountered substantial technological and operational problems that are likely to be amplified in a large-scale, national system. The use of biometrics gives rise to particular concern because this technology has never been used at such a scale.
The Report concludes that the establishment of a secure national identity system has the potential to create significant, though limited, benefits for society. However, the proposals currently being considered by Parliament are neither safe nor appropriate. There was an overwhelming view expressed by stakeholders involved in this Report that the proposals are too complex, technically unsafe, overly prescriptive and lack a foundation of public trust and confidence.

The technology envisioned for this scheme is, to a large extent, untested and unreliable. No scheme on this scale has been undertaken anywhere in the world. Smaller and less ambitious systems have encountered substantial technological and operational problems that are likely to be amplified in a large-scale, national system. The use of biometrics gives rise to particular concern because this technology has never been used at such a scale.

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Published by: Blue on Feb 02, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/16/2011

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