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Quechua Vowel Alternation Thesis

Quechua Vowel Alternation Thesis

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Published by: Richard Alexander Castro Mamani on Dec 05, 2012
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Vowel Alternation in Cuzco Quechua
Peter J. FabianInterdisciplinary Honors ThesisA thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for theInterdisciplinary Honors Thesis ProgramWritten under the direction of:Professor Akinbiyi AkinlabiDepartment of LinguisticsProfessor Liliana SánchezDepartment of Spanish and PortugueseSchool of Arts and Sciences, Rutgers University2010-2011
 
 
Acknowledgements
Special thanks are due to Dany Vargas and Hipólito Peralta Ccama for theirassistance as language consultants as well as their willingness to show me, an outsider,the culture of their city. Their patience and willingness to deal with my questions andimperfect Spanish were instrumental in my ability to obtain the data for this study.For constant advising, correcting, revising, and suggestions, I most certainly haveto thank Akinbiyi Akinlabi and Liliana Sánchez. In your own way, you each gave thisproject structure and principle while also encouraging me to work independently andmake my own path. Professor Akinlabi, your encouragement to “listen to what the datasays” helped me to hone my focus and Liliana, your constant input on the language andthe status of my data was invaluable.For special advice and planning pertaining to the fieldwork portion of this study, Iwould like to thank Akinbiyi Akinlabi, Liliana Sánchez, Rosy Ruiz, Justine Levine, andStephen Bishop.For conversations and outside advice pertaining to this thesis, I would like tothank Paul de Lacy, Shigeto Kawahara, Will Bennett, and Georgia Simon.For help with Praat and R, I would like to thank Josef Fruehwald and ShigetoKawahara.Finally, I would like to thank my parents, Doug and Connie, my brothers, Aaronand Ty, as well as my devoted girlfriend Melody for their loving support and theirconstant encouragement.
 
Fabian 1
Chapter 1. Introduction
The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyze several theoretically significantsegmental processes in Cuzco Quechua. This introductory chapter summarizes therelevant phonological properties of Cuzco Quechua and identifies core issues coveredthroughout the thesis. Data is taken from fieldwork conducted by the author during thesummer of 2010. Subsequent chapters provide acoustic analyses of relevant data tosupport generalizations about segment quality.The generalizations identified and analyzed are:(a) / 
a
 / reduces to [
ə
] in contexts governed by position relative to stress as well assyllable structure(b) / 
i e
 / undergo tongue root retraction to their [+RTR] forms of [
ɪ ɛ
] in thecontext of uvular consonants1.1
 
Literature ReviewCuzco Quechua (CQ) has been the subject of a substantial amount of linguisticresearch, but due to many independent factors, it has not been as well studied as manyother languages. Many early works dealing with CQ are grammatical surveys, but moretheoretical sources did exist in the ‘70s which deal with other varieties of Quechua.Examples of theoretical work evaluating other dialects of Quechua include Wolk (1972),Quesada (1973), and Puente Baldoceda (1977). These studies provided important basesfor the descriptive work which would follow in all dialects of Quechua.

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