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p179_predicting Earth Quake - Final

p179_predicting Earth Quake - Final

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Published by: jnanesh582 on Feb 02, 2009
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M.V.V.D Chaitanya KumarV. Nishwanth
3/4 Mechanical 3/4 Mechanical
GITAM College of Engg G V P College of EnggChaitu_maddi@yahoo.co.in nish_mech29@yahoo.co.in
 Data mining consists of evolving set of techniques that can be used to extract valuable information and knowledge from massive volumes of data. Datamining research &tools have focussed on commercial sector applications. Onlya fewer data mining research have focussed on scientific data. This paper aimsat further data mining study on scientific data. This paper highlights the datamining techniques applied to mine for surface changes over time (e Earthquake rupture). The data mining techniques help researchers to predict the changes in the intensity of volcano. This paper uses predictive statistical models that can be applied to areas such as seismic activity or the spreading of  fire. The basic problem in this class of systems is dynamic, usually unobservablewith respect to earthquake. The space-time patterns associated with time,location and magnitude of the sudden events from the force threshold areobservable. This paper highlights observable space time earthquake patterns from unobservable dynamics using data mining techniques, pattern recognitionand ensemble forecasting. Thus this paper gives insight on how data mining can be applied in finding the consequences of earthquake and warning the scientific, hence alerting the public.
The field of data mining has evolved from its roots in databases, statistics, artificialintelligence, information theory and algorithms into a core set of techniques that have been appliedto a range of problems. Computational simulation and data acquisition in scientific and engineeringdomains have made tremendous progress over the past two decades. A mix of advanced algorithms,exponentially increasing computing power and accurate sensing and measurement devices haveresulted in more data repositories.Advanced in network technologies have enabled communication of large volumes of dataacross geographically distant hosts. This results in an need of tools &Technologies for effectivelyanalyzing scientific data sets with the objective of interpreting the underlying physical phenomena.Data mining applications in geology and geophysics were among the first to be pursued and haveachieved significant success in such areas as weather prediction, mineral prospecting, ecology,modeling and predicting earthquake from satellite maps.An interesting aspect of many of these applications is that they combine spatial andtemporal aspects both in the data and in the phenomena being mined. Data sets in these applicationscome both from observations and simulation. Investigation on earthquake predictions are based onthe assumption that all of the regional factors can be filtered out and general information about theearthquake precursory patterns can be extracted.Feature extraction involves a pre selection process of various statistical properties of dataand generation of a set of seismic parameters, which correspond to linearly independent co-ordinator in the feature space. The seismic parameters in the form of time series can be analyzed byusing various pattern recognition techniques.Using statistical or pattern recognition methodology usually performs this extraction process. Thus this paper gives insight of mining the scientific data.
Data mining is defined as an information extraction activity whose goal is to discover hidden facts contained in databases.
It refers to finding out new knowledge about an application domain using data on thedomain usually stored in a database. The application domain may be astrophysics, earthscience solar system science.
It’s a variety of techniques to identify nuggets of information or decision making knowledgein bodies of data and extracting these in such a way they can be put to use in the areas suchas decision support, prediction ,forecasting and estimation.
Bring together representatives of the data mining community and the domain sciencecommunity so that they can begin to understand the currents capabilities and researchobjectives of each others communities related to data mining.
Identify a set of research objectives from the domain science community that would befacilitated by current or anticipated data mining techniques.
Identify a set of research objectives for the data mining community that could support theresearch objectives of the domain science community.
Data mining is used to find patterns and relationships in data patterns and relationships in data patterns can be analyzed via 2 types of models.1.Descriptive models: Used to describe patterns and to create meaningful subgroups or clusters.2.Predictive models .Used to forecast explicit values, based upon patterns in known results.**This paper focuses on predictive models.In large databases data mining and knowledge discovery comes in two flavors:

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