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Congruence Theorem

# Congruence Theorem

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10/30/2012

ASA (Angle-Side-Angle) Congruence Theorem
Theorem:
Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the inclined side ofone triangle are equal to any two angles and the included side of the othertriangle.
Given:
Two triangles,
Triangle ABC
and
Triangle DEF
in which
B
=
, BC=EFand
C
=

To Prove:
Triangle ABC Triangle DE

Proof:
There are three possibilities
Case-I:
When AB=DE [Figure 5-13 (a)]In this case, we haveAB=DEBC=EF (Given) and
B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(By SAS congruence axiom)
Case-II
When AB <DE [Figure 5-13(b)]Now, let G is a point on DE such that AB=GE. Join GF. Now in
Triangle ABC
and
Triangle GEF
, we haveAB=GE (BY supposition)BC=EF (Given)

B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle GEF
(SAS axiom)So,
ACB GF
=
(Corresponding parts of congruent triangle are congruent)But,
ACB DF
=
(Given)
=
Therefore GFE DF
. This is impossible unless G coincides with D.So AB must be equal to DEHence,
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DEF
(By SAS axiom)
Case-III:
When AB>ED [Figure 5-13(c)]In this case, let G be a point on ED produced such that AB=GE. Join GF. Now, in
Triangle ABC
and
Triangle GEF
, we haveAB=GE (By supposition)BC=EF (Given)
B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle GE
(SAS axiom)So,
ACB GF
=
(Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)But
ACB DF
=
(Given)
GFE DF
=
This is impossible unless G coincides with D.

So, AB must be equal to DE.Hence
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(By SAS axiom)
COROLLARY: SAA (Side-Angle-Angle) congruence criteria
If any two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are equal to thecorresponding angles and side of another triangle, then the two triangles arecongruent.
Given:
In
Triangle ABC
and
Triangle DEF