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Congruence Theorem

Congruence Theorem

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 02, 2009
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10/30/2012

 
ASA (Angle-Side-Angle) Congruence Theorem
Theorem:
Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the inclined side ofone triangle are equal to any two angles and the included side of the othertriangle.
Given:
Two triangles,
Triangle ABC 
and
Triangle DEF 
in which
B
=
, BC=EFand
C
=
 
To Prove:
Triangle ABC Triangle DE
 
Proof:
There are three possibilities
Case-I:
When AB=DE [Figure 5-13 (a)]In this case, we haveAB=DEBC=EF (Given) and
 B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(By SAS congruence axiom)
Case-II
When AB <DE [Figure 5-13(b)]Now, let G is a point on DE such that AB=GE. Join GF. Now in
Triangle ABC 
and
Triangle GEF 
, we haveAB=GE (BY supposition)BC=EF (Given)
 
 B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle GEF 
(SAS axiom)So,
 ACB GF
=
(Corresponding parts of congruent triangle are congruent)But,
 ACB DF
=
(Given)
=
Therefore GFE DF
. This is impossible unless G coincides with D.So AB must be equal to DEHence,
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DEF 
(By SAS axiom)
Case-III:
When AB>ED [Figure 5-13(c)]In this case, let G be a point on ED produced such that AB=GE. Join GF. Now, in
Triangle ABC 
and
Triangle GEF 
, we haveAB=GE (By supposition)BC=EF (Given)
 B
=
(Given)
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle GE
(SAS axiom)So,
 ACB GF
=
(Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)But
 ACB DF
=
(Given)
GFE DF
=
This is impossible unless G coincides with D.
 
So, AB must be equal to DE.Hence
Therefore Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(By SAS axiom)
COROLLARY: SAA (Side-Angle-Angle) congruence criteria
If any two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are equal to thecorresponding angles and side of another triangle, then the two triangles arecongruent.
Given:
In
Triangle ABC 
and
Triangle DEF 
 

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