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Similarity

# Similarity

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11/24/2012

AAA-Similarity
Theorem:

If in two triangles, corresponding angles are equal, then their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar
Given:
Two triangles,
Triangle AB
and
Triangle DEF
such that
,
A D B
∠ =∠ =
and
C
=

To prove:

Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DE

Proof:
Three cases arises
Case-I
When AB=DE
,
A D B
∠ =∠ =
and
C
=
and AB=DE, then
Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(ASA property)
,
= =
Therefore AB DE BC E
and
AC D
=
(In congruent triangles equal angleshave equal sides opposite them)
= =
AB BC ATherefore DE EF D

Thus
Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DE

Case II:
When AB<DEMark points P and Q on DE and DF respectively such that DP=AB and DQ=AC. Join PQ. Now in
Triangle ABC
and
Triangle DPQ
AB=DP, AC=DQ and
A D
=

Triangle ABC Triangle DPQ
(SAS property)
=
Therefore ABC DPQ
(in congruent triangles, angle opposite equal sides areequal)But
ABC DE
=

=
Therefore DPQ DE
This implies that
PQ parallel to EF
(correspondingangels are equal)Now in
,,
Triangle DEF PQ parallel to EF
this implies that
DP DQ DE D
=

or
AB A DE D
=
… (1)corollary to basic proportionality theoremSimilarly
AB B DE E
=
… (2)From (1) and (2),
AB BC A DE EF D
= =
Hence
Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DEF

Case-III
When AB>DEIn this case, mark points P and Q on AB and AC respectively, such that AP=DFand AQ=DF. Join PQ. Now in triangle APQ and DEFAP=DF, AQ=DF and
A D
=

Therefore Triangle APQ Triangle DE
(SAS property)So,
APQ
=
But
E B
=
(given)
=
Therefore APQ B