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Published by Examville.com
For more FREE Geometry Study Material visit www.examville.com
For more FREE Geometry Study Material visit www.examville.com

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 02, 2009
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11/24/2012

 
AAA-Similarity
Theorem:
 
 If in two triangles, corresponding angles are equal, then their corresponding sides are proportional and the triangles are similar 
Given:
Two triangles,
Triangle AB
and
Triangle DEF 
such that
,
 A D B
∠ =∠ =
and
C
=
 
To prove:
 
Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DE
 
Proof:
Three cases arises
Case-I
When AB=DE
,
 A D B
∠ =∠ =
and
C
=
and AB=DE, then
Triangle ABC Triangle DE
(ASA property)
,
= =
Therefore AB DE BC E
and
AC D
=
(In congruent triangles equal angleshave equal sides opposite them)
= =
 AB BC ATherefore DE EF D
 
 
 Thus
Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DE
 
Case II:
When AB<DEMark points P and Q on DE and DF respectively such that DP=AB and DQ=AC. Join PQ. Now in
Triangle ABC 
and
Triangle DPQ
 AB=DP, AC=DQ and
 A D
=
 
Triangle ABC Triangle DPQ
(SAS property)
=
Therefore ABC DPQ
(in congruent triangles, angle opposite equal sides areequal)But
 ABC DE
=
 
=
Therefore DPQ DE
This implies that
PQ parallel to EF 
(correspondingangels are equal)Now in
,,
Triangle DEF PQ parallel to EF 
this implies that
 DP DQ DE D
=
 
 
or
AB A DE D
=
… (1)corollary to basic proportionality theoremSimilarly
 AB B DE E
=
… (2)From (1) and (2),
 AB BC A DE EF D
= =
 Hence
Triangle ABC similar to Triangle DEF 
 
Case-III
When AB>DEIn this case, mark points P and Q on AB and AC respectively, such that AP=DFand AQ=DF. Join PQ. Now in triangle APQ and DEFAP=DF, AQ=DF and
 A D
=
 
Therefore Triangle APQ Triangle DE
(SAS property)So,
 APQ
=
 But
 E B
=
(given)
=
Therefore APQ B
 

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