Classification of Triangles According to Their Angles
For the classification of triangles as acute triangle, right triangle or obtusetriangle, we make use of Pythagorean Theorem.
1. Acute Triangle
Mark the longest side. In figure 7-61, the longest side is 6. The other two sides are4 and 5. Now, find the square of the longest side. Here it is
which is equal to36. Find the sum of the squares of the other two sides.Here it is
4 5 16 25 41
+ = + =
We find that 36<41,
in figure 7-61 is an acute triangle. So, we conclude. Ifin a triangle, the square of the longest side is less than the sum of the squares ofthe two remaining sides, then the triangle is acute triangle.
2. Right Triangle
Mark the longest side in the triangle. Find its square. In figure 7-62, the longestside is 5, Therefore its square is
which is equal to 25. Find the sum of thesquares of the two remaining sides, Here it is
3 4 9 16 25
+ = + =
. Now we findthat 25=25.
Therefore Triangle ABC
is a right triangle. So, we conclude that if in atriangle, the square of the longest side is equal to the sum of the square of thetwo remaining sides, and then the triangle is a right triangle.