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Classification of Triangles

# Classification of Triangles

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01/16/2013

Classification of Triangles According to Their Angles
For the classification of triangles as acute triangle, right triangle or obtusetriangle, we make use of Pythagorean Theorem.
1. Acute Triangle
Mark the longest side. In figure 7-61, the longest side is 6. The other two sides are4 and 5. Now, find the square of the longest side. Here it is
2
6
which is equal to36. Find the sum of the squares of the other two sides.Here it is
2 2
4 5 16 25 41
+ = + =
We find that 36<41,
ABC
in figure 7-61 is an acute triangle. So, we conclude. Ifin a triangle, the square of the longest side is less than the sum of the squares ofthe two remaining sides, then the triangle is acute triangle.
2. Right Triangle
Mark the longest side in the triangle. Find its square. In figure 7-62, the longestside is 5, Therefore its square is
2
5
which is equal to 25. Find the sum of thesquares of the two remaining sides, Here it is
2 2
3 4 9 16 25
+ = + =
. Now we findthat 25=25.
Therefore Triangle ABC
is a right triangle. So, we conclude that if in atriangle, the square of the longest side is equal to the sum of the square of thetwo remaining sides, and then the triangle is a right triangle.

3. Obtuse Triangle
Mark the longest side. Find its square. Find the sum of the squares of the othertwo sides of the given triangles. Here, the longest side is 6, its square is
2
6 36
=
.Sum of the squares of the two other sides is
2 2
2 3 4 9 13
+ = + =
. Now 36>13.
Therefore Triangle ABC
in figure 7-63 is an obtuse triangle.So, finally we conclude thatIf the sides of a triangle are
,
a b
and
c
. Suppose
c
is the longest side then if
2 2 2
c a b
< +
then the triangle is an acute triangle
2 2 2
c a b
= +
then the triangle is right triangle and if
2 2 2
c a b
> +
, then the triangle is obtuse triangle.

Special Right Triangles1.
30 60 90
o o o
Triangles:
In figure 7-64
Triangle ABC
is a right triangle inwhich
30 , 60 , 90
o o o
A B
= = =
.
On BC, construct
60
o
BCD
=
. Now
180 (60 60 )
o o O
BDC
= − +
or
180 120 60
o o O
BDC
∠ = − =

Therefore Triangle DBC
is an equilateral triangleIf
BC a
=
, then
CD BD a
= =
Now, in
, 30
o
CDA A
=
given
90 60 30
o o o
DCA
= =

Therefore Triangle CDA
is an isosceles triangles
=