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Table Of Contents

10 How to Carry Out Participant Observation 105
How to Define Your Project
ASKING QUESTIONS
THINKING ABOUT YOUR PROJECT
UNDERSTANDING THE FIVE ‘WS’
SUMMARISING YOUR RESEARCH
USEFUL WEBSITES
CHOOSING A METHODOLOGY
How to Choose Your Research Methods
USING INTERVIEWS
USING QUESTIONNAIRES
UNDERTAKING PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION
CHOOSING YOUR METHODS
How to Conduct Background Research
CONDUCTING PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESEARCH
KEEPING RECORDS
TABLE 2: SOURCES OF BACKGROUND INFORMATION
SUMMARY
How to Choose Your Participants
UNDERSTANDING SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
TABLE 4: SAMPLING DOS AND DON’TS
CHOOSING YOUR SAMPLE SIZE
How to Prepare a Research Proposal
UNDERSTANDING THE FORMAT
THE CONTENTS OF A PROPOSAL
WHAT MAKES A GOOD PROPOSAL?
REASONS WHY RESEARCH PROPOSALS FAIL
How to Conduct Interviews
METHODS OF RECORDING
TABLE 7: RECORDING METHODS: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
DEVELOPING AN INTERVIEW SCHEDULE
ESTABLISHING RAPPORT
COMPLETING THE INTERVIEW
How to Conduct Focus Groups
THE ROLE OF THE MODERATOR
RECORDING EQUIPMENT
TABLE 8: STRATEGIES FOR DEALING WITH AWKWARD SITUATIONS
CHOOSING A VENUE
RECRUITING YOUR PARTICIPANTS
recruiting your participants:
How to Construct Questionnaires
DECIDING WHICH QUESTIONNAIRE TO USE
TABLE 9: OPEN AND CLOSED QUESTIONS: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
WORDING AND STRUCTURE OF QUESTIONS
LENGTH AND ORDERING OF QUESTIONS
PILOTING THE QUESTIONNAIRE
OBTAINING A HIGH RESPONSE
How to Carry Out Participant Observation
PLACES OF STUDY
GAINING ACCESS
ACTING ETHICALLY
COLLECTING AND ANALYSING INFORMATION
WITHDRAWING FROM THE FIELD
DECIDING WHICH APPROACH TO USE
ANALYSING QUALITATIVE DATA
ANALYSING QUANTITATIVE DATA
MEASURING DATA
FURTHER READING
How to Report Your Findings
WRITING REPORTS
STRUCTURING REPORTS
WRITING JOURNAL ARTICLES
TABLE 12: MAKING PRESENTATIONS: DOS AND DON’TS
PRODUCING ORAL PRESENTATIONS
How to be an Ethical Researcher
TREATING PARTICIPANTS WITH RESPECT
RECOGNISING OVERT AND COVERT RESEARCH
PRODUCING A CODE OF ETHICS
Useful Addresses
Index
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Introduction to Research Methods - A Practical Guide for Anyone Undertaking a Research Project

Introduction to Research Methods - A Practical Guide for Anyone Undertaking a Research Project

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Published by jsignacio

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Published by: jsignacio on Dec 06, 2012
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