high value of ionization enthalpy and low electron gain enthalpy will have greater tendency of attracting the electrons and thus will have high value of electronegativity. It is represented as:
Electronegativity depends on the atomic size:
Smaller the size of an atom, greater will be the attraction for the bonding electronand larger will be the value of electronegativity.Example: Atomic radius of oxygen is less than that of nitrogen. Thereforeelectronegativity of oxygen (3.5) is more than that of nitrogen (3)
Polar character of covalent bond
: It can be explained with the help of threecombinations.
1) Combination of atoms having equal electronegativity:
Consider a bond between two atoms, A and B. having same electronegativity.