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Thyroid Gland

Thyroid Gland

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 03, 2009
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09/29/2012

 
 
THYROID GLAND
INTRODUCTION
Thyroid gland is the largest gland in a normal adult. The gland weighs 15- 25g.It is a highly vascular organ. The gland is bilobed and connected by a bridge of tissue called isthmus.The function of the gland is controlled by thyroid stimulating hormone, TSHfrom anterior pituitary which is regulated by thyrotropin releasing hormone,TRH from hypothalamus .Thyroid hormones, T3 and T4 in circulation, providenegative feedback on secretion of TSH and TRH on anterior pituitary andhypothalamus respectively.
 
 
REGULATION OF TSH SECRETION
:Hypothalamus
TRH
Anterior Pituitary
TSH
Thyroid Gland.
T3,T4.Factors increasing TSH secretion:1. Anxiety2. Excitement3. Fall in free T3 ,T4There exists inverse relationship between T3 T4 and TSH.Thyroid hormones regulate lipid and carbohydrate metabolism.They are important for normal body growth. Thyroid gland produces two mainhormones -T3 and T4.
 
 

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