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Digestion and Absorption in GIT

Digestion and Absorption in GIT

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 03, 2009
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11/10/2012

 
 
DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION IN GIT
THIS INCLUDES:1. CARBOHYDRATE DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION2. FATS DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION3. PROTEINS4. WATER AND ELECTROLYTES
1.
 
CARBOHYDRATE DIGESTION:In Mouth,
Starch -----------alpha amylase ------
Maltose.
In Stomach,
Sucrose -------HCl---------
glucose and fructose.
In Duodenum,
Starch ------------- Pancreatic alpha amylase-----
Maltose.pH 7.1
In Small intestine,
Disaccharides ----------------disaccharidases………..> monosaccharides.
 
 
 Absorption
:
Monosaccharides in the gut lumen are absorbed in jejunum or proximal ileum.Absorption occurs by:Simple diffusion and Active transport
Carriers:
1. Glucose binds to Sodium dependent glucose transporter-1. (SGLT-1) that carriesglucose from the intestinal lumen to inside the cell .
 No energy is needed for this process.
2.
 
Glucose is transported from the cell to blood capillaries by glucosetransporter-2 (GLUT-2)
 
 
DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION OF FATS:
In mouth,1.
 
Salivary lipase and gastric lipase digests triglycerides in stomach.2.
 
Bile salts and Pancreatic lipase acts in small intestine in digestion of fats.3.
 
Bile salts cause emulsification of fats so that fats can be hydrolyzed by lipase.4.
 
Triglycerides are hydrolyzed into diglycerides and further broken down intomonoglycerides.

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