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Proprioception

Proprioception

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 03, 2009
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05/03/2011

 
 PROPRIOCEPTORS
Propriocetors are those receptors, which give response to change in the position of different parts of the body.These receptors are also called the receptors of kinesthetic sensation and are situated inlabyrinth, muscles, tendon of the muscles, joints, ligaments and facia.The proprioceptors are:1.
 
Muscle spindle2.
 
Golgi tendon organ3.
 
Pacinian corpuscle4.
 
Free nerve ending5.
 
Proprioceptors in labyrinth.
 A. MUSCLE SPINDLE
Muscle spindle is the proprioceptor situated in the muscle and, it is made up of intrafusalfibers.
 
 
 
Each muscle spindle is formed by about 10 intrafusal fibers.
 
All intrafusal fibers are enclosed by a capsule formed by connective tissue. The musclespindle has a central bulged portion and two tapering ends.
 
The intrafusal fibers are attached to the capsule on either end.
 
The capsule is attached to either side of extrafusal fibers or the tendon of the muscle.
 
Thus, the intrafusal fibers are placed parallel to the extrafusal fibers.
 
The central portion of the intrafusal fibers does not contract as it has only few or noactin and myosin filaments.
 
 
This portion acts only as a receptor. Only the end portion of the intrafusal fibers cancontract.
 
The discharge from the gamma motor neurons causes the contraction of the intrafusalfibers.
Types of Intrafusal Fibers
The muscle spindle is formed by two types of intrafusal fibers called:1.
 
 Nuclear bag fiber 2.
 
 Nuclear chain fiber.
1. Nuclear Bag Fiber
This has an enlarged central portion, which contain many nuclei. Hence, it is called thenuclear bag fiber.
 2. Nuclear Chain Fiber
In this, the central portion is not bulged and the nuclei are arranged in the center in the form of a chain. The nuclear chain fiber is attached to the side of end portion of the nuclear bag fiber.
 NERVE SUPPLY TO MUSCLE SPINDLE
The muscle spindle is innervated by both sensory and motor nerves.It is the only receptor in the body which has got motor nerve supply also.
i. Sensory Nerve Supply

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