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Viscocity

Viscocity

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Published by: Examville.com on Feb 03, 2009
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02/08/2011

 
 
Card # 25
Viscosity
Viscosity is a kind of internal friction which offers resistance to the motion of one layerof fluid over another. This internal friction is due to molecular forces of attraction(cohesive force).“The inherent property of the liquids by virtue of which they oppose the relative motionbetween their layers is called viscosity.”Fig: Fluid flowing over a surfaceNote: High viscosity fluids like Glycerin, honey, etc will calm earlier than water.- Low viscosity fluids water, milk can flow more easily. Water has more viscositycompared to air therefore we feel it difficult to walk in water.
Co-efficient of Viscosity
Velocity of fluid surface
Cp V d
= +
 Velocity of surface
 EF
=
 Distance of CD from surface
PQ x dx
= +
 Distance of EF from surface
PQ x
=
 Then velocity gradient =
V dV V d x dx x dx
+ =+
 The viscosity force between the layers depends upon1. Directly proportional to the area of the layers in contact
F A
α 
 2. Directly proportional to the velocity gradient
dV dx
α 
 

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