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Voltage drop calculation: voltage change during drive start

Voltage drop calculation: voltage change during drive start

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Published by Hans De Keulenaer
In this guide, a design engineer works on a converter drive design and determines the voltage change coefficient during the drive start, compares it to permissible levels and suggests solutions to have it satisfying the limit.
In this guide, a design engineer works on a converter drive design and determines the voltage change coefficient during the drive start, compares it to permissible levels and suggests solutions to have it satisfying the limit.

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Published by: Hans De Keulenaer on Feb 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/05/2013

 
Guide for electrical design engineers
Krzysztof Piatek 
 AGH-University of Science & Technology 
 ow e Q u al   i    t    y
Power Qualit
Voltage drop calculation:voltage change during drive start 
20 kV110 kV6 kV
S
16MVA
u
11
S
5MVA
u
7
S
1MVA
u
7
S
1MVA
u
7
S
SC
160MVA
1450kVA
800VPPC 1PPC 2
 
2
http://www.leonardo-energy.org
Power Quality 
Problem
A converter drive is connected as in fgure. The voltage change coe cient during the drive start shall be determinedat PCC 1 and PCC 2. The converter drive data:- starting overload coe cient:
r
kVA/kW
=
17.- reactive power reduction due to the sequence control:
q
=
08.
20 kV110 kV6 kV
S
16MVA
u
11
S
5MVA
u
7
S
1MVA
u
7
S
1MVA
u
7
S
SC
160MVA
1450kVA
800VPPC 1PPC 2
Solution
 The relative voltage change coe cient can be determined using the ormula or the voltage drop across the powersystem components
R, X 
, expressed in terms o the active and reactive power
P, Q
transmitted in the system
Δ
PRQ
=+
N
Assuming
R=
0 we obtain
QS
uNmaxSC
= Δ
11.
where
Q
max
is the maximum reactive power,
S
sc
is the short-circuit capacity at the point or which the voltage changecoe cient is calculated. In this ormula the resistances o components are disregarded, what can lead to large errorin low-voltage systems. The voltage change coe cient calculated this way is lower than that obtained rom theaccurate calculation.For the sake o simplicity all coe cients will be calculated rom the parameters reected to the 6kV side. The frst step is to determine short-circuit capacities at all points by calculating the components impedances andsubsequently the short-circuit capacity at the required point. The power system impedance
 Z S
SEEN2SC
m
= = =
111161602475
2
...
Ω

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