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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Time is precious!
Book layout
1. Safety systems
Euro NCAP
Frontal impact
Side impact
Pole test
Colliding with a pedestrian
Child safety
Whiplash
Batteries
Cutting power
Automatic battery disconnection
Belt pretensioners
Airbags
How an airbag works
Fire
Volvo S80 airbag system
Identifying a vehicle with an airbag
Medical efects of airbags
Airbags and the fre brigade
Frequently asked questions and answers about airbags
whiplash protection
Other safety systems
Whiplash protection
Roll-over protection systems
Safety glass
Protective systems
WHIPS (Whiplash Protection System)
Seatbelts with pre-tensioners and load limiters
Side body-airbags
IC (Infatable Curtain)
Low front cross-member
Pedestrian protection
Pre-prepared restraints
Preventive systems
DAC (Driver Alert Control)
LDW (Lane Departure Warning)
ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control)
Collision warning with autobraking
RSC (Roll Stability Control)
BLIS (Blind Spot Information System)
Rear view camera
2. Diferent fuels
Electric and hybrid cars
Voltage and high energy content
Battery technologies
Identifcation
Fire in a battery pack
Recommendations during an emergency response
Collisions
Fire extinguishing
Gas vehicles
Vehicle gas (methane)
Hydrogen
Safety equipment
Gas systems in LPG-powered vehicles
Is the vehicle gas-powered?
Risks during fre-extinguishing
How much more akward is it to extinguish fres involving E85?
3. Road environment
2+1 roads
Dividing the carriageway with a wire-rope barrier
Dismantling wire-rope barriers
Accident on 2+1 road
Cutting of wire-rope
Barriers
4. Equipment
Portable hydraulic pumps
Hydraulic hoses and hydraulic couplings
Design of cutters
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Crash Recovery System
5. Organisation on scene
Making the accident site safe
Cordoning of a road
Some simple advice that should be taken into account follows, however:
The Falköping model
Equipment in position:
Examples from the handbook of cordoning of roads using the Falköping model
Accident site
Positioning of vehicles
Standard routines
The incident commander’s tasks
Trafc control ofcer/medic/extricator
The safety ofcer
Medic/extricator
Driver/tool ofcer
Medical services organisation
The police
Trafc information, trafc control and handling of disruption
Read the accident!
Documentation
Assessing the condition of casualties
Critically injured
Examination and measures according to L-ABCDE
Choice of extrication method
Non-deployed airbag
Action plan for dealing with an RTA (road trafc accident)
Criteria for how to assess the condition of a casualty
Extrication methods
A. Uninjured or slightly injured, no signs of back or neck injury
Action plan for attending to casualties
1. Stabilise the vehicle
2. Disconnect the power supply
Stabilise the vehicle
3. Attend to the casualty
4. Remove side and rear windows
5. Cut of the seatbelt
6. Cut the pillars
Saw the windscreen
7. Saw the windscreen
8. Lift of the roof
9. Cover sharp edges with edge protectors
10. Lift the casualty out
C. Suspected back or neck injury, casualty trapped
D. Critically injured, casualty not trapped
Action plan for rapid extrication
E. Critically injured, casualty trapped
The cylinder technique
The pulling method
Dash lift
Car on its side
1. Attend to the casualty
2. Stabilise the vehicle
3. Take care of the casualty
4. Disconnect the battery
5. Remove side windows and rear window
8. Make notches in the edge of the roof to weaken it
9. Bend the roof down
10. Cut away the steering-wheel rim
Bend the roof down
Lift the casualty out as
11. Lift the casualty out
6. Lift out
Alternative A: Open the car from the side
7A. Create space
8A. Cut the pillars
9A. Widen the opening between the roof and foor
10A. Lift the casualty out
Alternative B: Open the car from the rear
7B. Create space
F. Fatality
What can we throw back into the vehicle?
What must we not throw back into the vehicle?
Follow-up and evaluation
Evaluation
In-depth studies
Further reading
Photo credits
P. 1
Extrication from Cars during Road Traffic Accidents

Extrication from Cars during Road Traffic Accidents

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1,591|Likes:
Published by Covalciuc Bogdan

Editor Dan Wargclou
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

Editor Dan Wargclou
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

More info:

Published by: Covalciuc Bogdan on Dec 07, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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04/17/2014

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