Speaking of Health
Diabetes awareness: Becoming a healthier type
Approximately 25.8 millionpeople in the United Stateshave been diagnosed withdiabetes and 7 million remainundiagnosed, according to theCenters for Disease Control andPrevention (CDC). Diabetes isa chronic disease that costs ournation thousands of lives eachyear, making it increasinglyimportant for everyone to gaingreater awareness aboutprevention and management.
1. What is diabetes?
Diabetes is caused by
resistance to, a hormone calledinsulin. There are several typesof diabetes, all of which are aresult of blood sugar (glucose)levels being excessively high.
Type 1 diabetes
is usuallydiagnosed in children andyoung adults and wasformerly referred to as juvenile diabetes. Type 1is caused by the body notproducing any insulin.
Type 2 diabetes
is the mostcommon form of diabetesand affects millions of Americans – both diagnosedand undiagnosed. In thecase of type 2 diabetes,the body either doesn’tproduce enough insulin
or resists its effects. Obesity
plays a major role indeveloping insulinresistance, which canlead to type 2 diabetes.
mayoccur during the latter half of pregnancy in womenthat did not previouslyhave diabetes. It’simportant to monitor bloodsugar levels throughoutthe pregnancy to keep
themother and child healthy.
is a conditionwhere blood sugar levelsare abnormally high, butnot high enough to be
Individuals diagnosed withprediabetes are more likelyto develop type 2 diabetes,so it should be proactivelyaddressed through weightloss efforts and moderateexercise.
2. What are symptomsof diabetes?
Prediabetes often has noobvious signs. However,common symptoms of otherforms of diabetes include:
Additional signs of type 2diabetes include:
in the hands and feet.
or bruises.However, not all type 2diabetics experience symptoms.If you have any concerns or
important to speak with yourhealth care provider.
3. How serious is the impactof diabetes?
Diabetes is the seventhleading cause of death in theU.S., accounting for 70,000lives lost in 2009, per the CDC.Diabetes also presents thepotential for many long-termcomplications, includingincreased risk of damage to theeyes, feet and kidneys, as wellas heart disease and stroke.
4. How can I manage andprevent diabetes?
It’s critical to maintaina healthy diet that includes
fruits, vegetables, nuts andseeds. Also, limit the intake of saturated fats and high glycemicfoods such as pastas, potatoes,
white bread.Moderately exercising 30
week is essential for diabetesprevention and management.Diabetes is a chronic disease,but it doesn’t have to placea continuous burden on yourhealth. With a few lifestylechanges and added awareness,
steps toward becoming ahealthier “type.”
Mary Taylor is a Mayo Clinic Health Systemcertiﬁed diabetes educator and registered dietitian.
For more information, please go tomayoclinichealthsystem.org
Health & Fitness coverage is supportedby Mayo Clinic Health System,preserving the health and well-being of southern Minnesota communities.
Shirley Privratsky was one of the soloistsforHymnus.Mary Walerius of the New Prague Com-munity Band played a clarinet solo.
New Prague Christmas Concert
Chuck Kajer Photo
The Hurt family opened the concert with several selections. To see more photos go tonewpraguetimes.com and click on the blue button.
New Prague Christmas Concert