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BRIEF: Rent Distribution and Extractive Industry Conflict: The Latin American Approaches

BRIEF: Rent Distribution and Extractive Industry Conflict: The Latin American Approaches

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Published by ELLA Programme
Given the surge in socio-environmental conflicts that extractive industry activity has generated in Latin America, particularly in the last decade, it is only natural that countries in the region have begun to consider how different rent distribution schemes could be used to prevent or mitigate such struggles. By taking a panoramic look at the distribution systems in place across the region, two different distribution logics are identified: distribution for development vs. distribution for compensation. This Brief focuses on the case of Peru, a country struggling with visible and violent conflicts, and examines one particular aspect of their compensatory distribution scheme, the Law of Canon. The Brief presents an overview of the law, and some reflections about the reasons why it seems to not be as effective as was hoped in reducing Peru’s conflict. Finally, underlying contextual and enabling factors of Latin American experiences are identified along with lessons learned that may prove useful for countries in other contexts.
Given the surge in socio-environmental conflicts that extractive industry activity has generated in Latin America, particularly in the last decade, it is only natural that countries in the region have begun to consider how different rent distribution schemes could be used to prevent or mitigate such struggles. By taking a panoramic look at the distribution systems in place across the region, two different distribution logics are identified: distribution for development vs. distribution for compensation. This Brief focuses on the case of Peru, a country struggling with visible and violent conflicts, and examines one particular aspect of their compensatory distribution scheme, the Law of Canon. The Brief presents an overview of the law, and some reflections about the reasons why it seems to not be as effective as was hoped in reducing Peru’s conflict. Finally, underlying contextual and enabling factors of Latin American experiences are identified along with lessons learned that may prove useful for countries in other contexts.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ELLA Programme on Dec 07, 2012
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