Drought and its Classiﬁcation
There is not a precise deﬁnition of drought
’drought means a sustained, extended deﬁciency in precipitation’ (WMO,1986)
’the percentage of years when crops fail from the lack of moisture’ (FAO, 1983)
.....Depending on the ﬁeld/context, a drought event can be1Meteorological: drought is usually based on long-term precipitation departures fromnormal.2Hydrological: drought refers to deﬁciencies in surface and subsurface water supplies.3Agricultural: drought occurs when there is insuﬃcient soil moisture to meet the needs of aparticular crop at a particular time.