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Vietnam - Informal Settlement in Formal Town- Analysis and Project

Vietnam - Informal Settlement in Formal Town- Analysis and Project

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Published by ermyl
First part analysis of a urban estate in Hanoi. Modification by the Inhabitants. on the facade and building in that urban gap

second ,my diploma project

third a consultant project, for a new town in Halong bay
First part analysis of a urban estate in Hanoi. Modification by the Inhabitants. on the facade and building in that urban gap

second ,my diploma project

third a consultant project, for a new town in Halong bay

More info:

Published by: ermyl on Feb 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/20/2010

 
RL
emy
leb anc
PortFolio
Rémy LEBLANC
 ArchitecteDPLG
Projet UrbainUrBAN DeSIGNTiet Ke DO THi
UrBANDeSIGNPrOJECTUrBANAnALYSIS
This portfolio presents some of thework done this four last years . Tobe sent the quality of the images hasbeen affected but the text is intact,so it can be zoomed in.
 
Analysis of the tranformation's dynamics ofthe 50/ 80's communist estate of Quynh Loy
2001/2002Vietnam - Ha Noi
    P    O   r    T    F    O    L    I    O    P    O   r    T    F    O    L    I    O
    R     é   m   y    L    E    B    L    A    N    C    R     é   m   y    L    E    B    L    A    N    C
    A   r   c   h   i   t   e   c   t   e    D    P    L    G    A   r   c   h   i   t   e   c   t   e    D    P    L    G
    U   r    B    A    N    A   n    A    L    Y    S    I    S
5th Year Thesis -
140pages
ExhaustivesurveySchooltownhouseBuildings3storeybuidings2storeyextensionfirstfloor extensionsecondflorr...TubehouseonestoreyTubehousetwostorey...TreesclimbingplantsBikesMotorbiketablemarkettableumbrellalinenearthconcretebookshoprestaurantstreetfoodingstreetdrinkingaircutbarber karokepsotoffice................
Duringmyschooling,estate,housing,urbandesignhavebeenapriorconcern,IalwayshadinmindallthesocialproblemsthatarehappeninginthelowincomeestateinFranceandIwasalwaysthinkinghowtosolveit?WhenIdiscoverthecommunistestatehousinginVietnam,knowhasKTT(khuTapThe,livingtogetherquarter),Iwasstunned.Alivingareacompletelyreinventedbyitsinhabitants,thestreetsfullofactivities,thebuildingfaçaderedesigned,theinventivenessofallthenewurbandisposition…Thefifthyearthesiswasanattempttounderstandandtoaccountthedynamicsthathadhappenedinthisbigplay.Thethesisisanexhaustivestatementoftheallthemodifications(architectural,functional,landscape,urbanspace)andthelifethatishappeningnow,ofthissoparticularplace.Ansurvey,veryprecise,hasbeendrawn,withallkindofinformation,atallkindofscale,fromthelivingcelltothewholeurbanarea,fromthekindofstreetandthematerialthatcomposedit,thevegetation,theactivitiesduringtheday,thekindofbulkinthestreetsandinthebuildingscorridors…Thefollowingdrawingsaresamplesofthepresentedworks;theypresenttheapproachoftheworkandtheresults.Conceptualoutcomeshadbeenmadesoastocompletethegraduationprojectpresentedonnextpages.
 A
Analysis of the structure of Ha Noi
C
Different type of observed transformations in the communist estate
B
Urban types and Observed transformations
D
Exhautive survey
15 Hec
Urban and architectural SurveySociological enquiery1,5 mounth survey - 6 mounth writing
RL
remy
le la c
Communist EstateGreen area to be builtFactoriesUniversities / Hospital Ambassies and government buildings
French quarter Old vietnamese streetsIllegal occupied land / Holes in the urbanismTraditionnal villageone storey slope roof houseThe villa type houseModern communist estate
 
ABCD
 Type 4
7 Buildings: C5, A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6
a. Plan - originalyd. Coupe - transformedc. Coupe - originalb. Plan - Aftertransformatione. Localisation
 A AB EBCD
recapitulatory of every type of obseved extensionsExample of description of the observed tranformation of one type of buildingDescrition of the activites of the living areaAnalysis of every type of observed urban mutationLocalisation of all the activitiesDescription of landscaped and architecturale ambiancesZoom on one part of the quarter - How to use the survey
the 50/ 80's communist estate of Quynh Loy
BuildingsThe7buildingsarenotidenticalintheirglobalshapesbutintheir functioningsystemtheyare.Theareprecaststructures,theframeisassembleandthewallsthenareadded. Kitchensandbathroomsarecommonateverylevel,eachovertheothers,thisweftisthelargest.Thebuildingisthreelevels,theroofislittlespooling.Theflatsaretwosided,onesideinfacingthecorridor.Onlytheoneattheendofthecorridorarefullycrossing,oneflatisoccupyingoneandahalfweft,thereare36flatsinallthebuilding.ThefacilitiesareinthemiddlewhenthebuildinghasaTshape,andonthesidewhenthebuildinghasuUshape.Thestairsarenearthedependence.Thistypeofbuildingisoneofthefirsttypebuilt,thisistheperiod1955-1970.Thefactory8/3isthepropertydeveloper,thentheinhabitantsarefromthelaboringclass,andpoor.Allthebuildingsofthistypeareperpendiculartotheroad.OrientationistheNorthforthekitchenandthecorridorfaçadeistheNorth.Transformation:Extensions:Onthecorridorfaçade.Atthefloorlevel:thereisasolidconstructioncontinuingeveryflats.Sometimethisconstructionisindependentfromtheoriginalflat(b).Thedeepnessisnormorethantheservicesextension.Thefrontthatoneisnotoccupied.Everylevel:Thereareextensiononlyifbelowthelevelthereisanextension.(contrarytotheotherfaces.Atthelevel2and3onthisfacethereisnoextension,butonthecorridor,onthehandrailbigboxesareactingaskitchen.Atthelunchtimethecorridorisfullof mamas…Thesouthfaçade:Therearesolidsconstructiononextensionoftheflat,sometimethereisawallsoagardeniscreate,stealingpublicland.Theother levelsarebuildingoneontheothers.Somerareflatshavesingleextensions,duecertainlytotheveryfragilestructuretype.
 These are the place where to park one's bike or motor bikes. They are on the walk way, inside the houses, orsometimes even inside the living room. They are every where in the estate. It is impossible to let one's motor bikewithout surveillance. 500d for the bike, 1000 for the moto bikes. It is a good revenue for the family when every day30 to 50 bike are keeped.
withdrawal
RL
emy
leb an
    P    O   r    T    F    O    L    I    O    P    O   r    T    F    O    L    I    O
    R     é   m   y    L    E    B    L    A    N    C    R     é   m   y    L    E    B    L    A    N    C
    A   r   c   h   i   t   e   c   t   e    D    P    L    G    A   r   c   h   i   t   e   c   t   e    D    P    L    G
Analysis of the tranformation's dynamics of
2001/2002Vietnam - Ha Noi
5th Year Thesis -
140pages
    U   r    B    A    N    A   n    A    L    Y    S    I    S
Cireur de chaussures : Desjeunesgarçonsor-phelins et pauvres, sillonnent les rues. Dansce KTT,quiestvraimenttrèspopulaire, ily enabeaucoupmoins que dans les lieux touristiques.Pour 2000d ils effectuent le travail, mais pourles blancs c'est5$,enfinçamarcheaveclesaméricains... Table de loto: Troisderepérées.Unarbre, unparasol, une table, etdes-sus une planche avec un cadregrillagé qui protège des billets deloterie. Les gros loto, c'estaussidesmillions de dongs, soit50 000 frs. Table à journaux: même présenta-tion. Quelquesjournauxétalésetl’attente du passage d’un client enagitantun petitéventail...Sua xe: Réparateurs de motos. De très nombreux dans lequartier. Un métier très répandu, d'une part parce qu’il y abeaucoup de motos, mais aussi parce que c'est un petitboulot encore facil. Très souvent ce sont des jeunes, ex-ploités, les mains noires, qui au nombre de trois ou quatre,pourunechargedetravaild'unepersonne,s’agglutinentautourde l’engin. Il y en a tellement le long des rues qu'il n'y pasassez de travail pour tous.Laveur de moto : Les hommes vietnamiens semblent-il affir-ment leur virilité par leur moto. Elles sont toujours propres,pour 5.000d, elles semblent neuves.Nanh xe
«small Jobs»
Xe ôm : Moto taxi. Ce sont des cas sociaux. L'homme vietnamienaime à se détendre. C'est un métier à sa mesure. Resterassis toute la journée, en groupe à attendre un client, c'est toutune aventure. Les Xe ôm se trouvent en bande, aux carrefours,toujours disponible (à l’heure de la sieste peut être pas :-). Unecourse de 5 minutes vaut 5.000 d (pour les blancs c’est 8.000d).C’est un moyen de locomotion très pratique, quoiqu’un peudangereux, peut être à éprouver dans nos villes occidentales.La question reste est ce bien rentable. parfois pas plus de 4courses dans la journée, 50.000d maximum, la moto à15.000.000d, sans compter l’essence ( et la bière de temps entemps), il faut 300 jours... A méditer.Cyclo-pousses: dans la ville ils n'existent presque plus, rempla-cés par les
Xe ôm 
en moto. Ils ne servent maintenant plus que commetransports de marchandises que de personnes. Flexibles, mania-bles, pas chers, ceux qui restent sont dans un état terrible.Face / Back / cormerVoie de distributionKTT type 4Space
Before After
OtherassemblingOpensystemFillingVisualenclosureKTT type 10KTT type 12Courtprivat
Composition of the space : Observation on the tranformations :
EmptyStreetCourStreet
No wayroad
SmallstreetExtensions
Complexe assembling type n*10
Composition :7 building of5 types, 2 type 2, 2 type 3, 1type 7, 1 type 10, 1 type 11 .Orientation of the buildings :6 are Nord / Sud.One West / Est.la disposition autour d’une large cour de KTTde différentes formes, de différentes tailles, etde différentes orientations. Entre chaque KTT ily a des espaces.Espace intérieur créé :Une très large cour et de petits interstices entreles bâtiments.Disposition :En retraitd’une épaisseur de barre par rapportàun axe de circulation principal.Sur les côtés :Au sud du Vide /A L’Ouestunretraitparrapportà une rue / A L ’Est et au Nord d’autres assem-blages.
 
Courtyrad with concrete roadCourtuard closedcourtyard openCourtyard with treesCommercial streetsSmall enclosed streetsShops near the streetsCrossing possibleNo way road
      1      6      5
VegetablestreetselleursretaurantonyokeHospitalentranceInside comunicationssmalldimension
attractionfor the outside 
streets RestaurantsGrande circulationnoway roadnoway road
Ambiance 1
Meeting (type define before):assembling/filling
Ambiance 2
Assembling:Courtyard in a no way roadstreet build with concretetall and leefed trees.Spacepleasant
Ambiance 4
Assembling:Crossing courtyard,roadbuilt,youngtreesClear space, en devenirto the centerFilling: Tube house facadeonly shop for construction Tubehouseasfacadeat the ground levelwithonlyshops
Ambiance 3
Meeting: 
KTT /services
Outside attraction 
Streetrestaurant
Ambiance 5
Filling: Tube house build in chaos
Attraction for the outside 
Restaurants, services
Ambiance 6
      A     n     a       l     y     s     e
 The courtyard is not filled by any constructions.Spaces between the buildings are filled. The courtyardnow is like close to the outside This space is atypical in the quarter, it results of thesuperposition of three period of construction. Fromone side old villa type, other side "new" modern style.
EmptyEmptyEmptySpace
Small restaurantMotor bike car parcCap shopair cutmotor washlibrairypost officeshoes shopcloth shopmarketstreet marketfood shopgame shoprepair shopshopstreet restaurantbar street bar morning foodplant shop....

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