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Form 4 Physics Chapter 2.10-2.12 - Student's Copy

# Form 4 Physics Chapter 2.10-2.12 - Student's Copy

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2.10

UNDERSTANDING WORK, ENERGY, POWER AND EFFICIENCY

(..…………./ 29 X 100 = ………%)
LEARNING OUTCOMES : A student is able to: • Explain the process of define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force ie W = Fs • State that when work is done energy is transferred from one object to another • Define kinetic energy and state that Ek = ½ mv2 • Define gravitational potential energy and state that Ep = mgh • State the princip
2.10

UNDERSTANDING WORK, ENERGY, POWER AND EFFICIENCY

(..…………./ 29 X 100 = ………%)
LEARNING OUTCOMES : A student is able to: • Explain the process of define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force ie W = Fs • State that when work is done energy is transferred from one object to another • Define kinetic energy and state that Ek = ½ mv2 • Define gravitational potential energy and state that Ep = mgh • State the princip

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12/24/2013

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2.10
UNDERSTANDING WORK, ENERGY, POWER AND EFFICIENCYLEARNING OUTCOMES:
A student is able to:
Explain the process of define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force ie W = Fs
State that when work is done energy is transferred from one object to another
Define kinetic energy and state that E
= ½ mv2
Define gravitational potential energy and state that E
p
= mgh
State the principle of conservation of energy
Define power and state that P=W/t
Explain what efficiency of a device is
Solve problems involving work, energy, power and efficiency
SECTION A. Choose the correct word in the bracket.1.Work is the product of applied force and (distance/displacement) in the directionof the applied force.2.When the work is done (force/energy) is transferred from one object to another.3.The work done is equal to the amount of (temperature/energy) transferred.4.The SI unit for work is (joule/watt).SECTION B. Fill in the blank with the correct answer.postionunchangedenergymotion1.Kinetic energy is the energy of an object due to its
____________
2.Gravitational potential energy is the energy of an object due to its
____________
in the gravitational field3.The principle of conservation of energy states that
_________
can be transferredfrom one form to another but it cannot be created or destroyed.4.The principle of conservation of energy explains that the total amount of energyalways remains
___________
.SECTION C. State or false for each of the following statements.1.Power is the rate of doing work(True/False)2.The efficiency of a device is the percentage of the energyinput that is transformed into useful energy.(True/False)
1
=

SECTION D : State the transformation of energy..
Light energyGravitational potential energySound energyElastic potential energy
StatementFromTo1. Durian falls to the groundKinetic energy+ sound energy2. A bulb connected to a dry celllights upElectrical energyheat energy

+3. A bell rings when the switch ispressedElectrical energy4. The motion of an arrow whenan archer releases the stringKinetic energy+ sound energySECTION E : Answer all questions.Work doneForce and displacement in the samedirectionForce and displacement in difference directionW = F
.
s W = WorkF =
___________
s = ___________ W = F
X

.
sW = __________ W = workF = forces = displacementθ = angle between ______ and _____________

FsF
x

θF
2F
x
F
Y
F
Y
F

Diagram (a) Diagram (b)
1.
Diagrams (a) and (b) shows a boy pushing a load and a weightlifter lifting aload of 60 kga)Calculate the work donei.by the boy
ii.
by the weightlifter in lifting the load.2. Azman is pulling a box with a force of 50 N at an angle of 60
o
from the horizontal.Calculate the work done to move the box to a distance of 3 m.
3Displacement = 3 m