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Izručenja zarobljenika s bleiburškog polja i okolice u svibnju 1945. - Martina Grahek Ravancic

Izručenja zarobljenika s bleiburškog polja i okolice u svibnju 1945. - Martina Grahek Ravancic

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Published by MijatTomic

U radu se nastoje razmotriti glavne sastavnice i problematika izručenja
zarobljenih civila i vojnika na Bleiburškom polju i njegovoj okolici u svibnju
1945. Koliko spomenuti događaji, suprotno obećanjima, odstupaju od odredbi
međunarodnog prava o ratnim zarobljenicima, te kakva je i kolika uloga
Zapadnih saveznika u cijeloj problematici.

U radu se nastoje razmotriti glavne sastavnice i problematika izručenja
zarobljenih civila i vojnika na Bleiburškom polju i njegovoj okolici u svibnju
1945. Koliko spomenuti događaji, suprotno obećanjima, odstupaju od odredbi
međunarodnog prava o ratnim zarobljenicima, te kakva je i kolika uloga
Zapadnih saveznika u cijeloj problematici.

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Published by: MijatTomic on Dec 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/22/2013

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Ewrsċcfgn wnribhgcfeon q bhcebsrŮoil tihgn e ioiheac sqzebfgs >5=3&
KNREFN LRN@CO RNZNFĈEĊ@rzn}qoe efq}e}s} wn tizegcq} Wnlrcb Rctsbheon @rzn}qonS rnms qc fnq}igc rnwki}re}e lhnzfc qnq}nzfeac e tribhckn}eon ewrsċcfgnwnribhgcfe` aezehn e zigfeon fn BhcebsrŮoik tihgs e fgclizig ioiheae s qzebfgs>5=3& Oiheoi qtikcfs}e milnĞnge qstri}fi ibcČnfgekn imq}stngs im imrcmbekcĞsfnrimfil trnzn i rn}fek wnribhgcfeaekn }c onozn gc e oiheon shilnWntnmfe` qnzcwfeon s aegchig tribhckn}eae&Ohgsċfc regcċe7 Mrsle qzgc}qoe rn} >5=3& Bhcebsrl wnribhgcfeae ewrsċcfgn treqehfnrctn}regnaegn&
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(Gna~scq HcLi rnfasqoe tizgcqfeċnr%
Mnfn 5& qzebfgn >5=3& ti}teqnfn gc itČn onte}shnaegn zigqoc rcČcl Rcea`noigik gc qhsŶbcfi wnzrŮei Mrsle qzgc}qoe rn} fi iq}nhn qs kfiln i}zircfn te+}nfgn (ibzcwc% q oigekn qs qc tibgcmfeae }rcbnhe qsiċe}e& S }ik oif}coq}s fsŶfi gc qtikcfs}e e qsmbefc zigfeon e aezehn oige qs fc timrŶnzngsČe fize rcŶektiċc}oik qzebfgn orcfshe trckn Wntnmfek qnzcwfeaekn& Fnoif zeŮcmfczfiltizhnċcfgn s qkgcrs Achgn Qhizcfglrnmcan e Mrnzilrnmn }re zigqoc7 bre}nfqon gsliqhnzcfqon e IrsŶnfc qfnlc Fcwnzeqfc MrŶnzc @rzn}qoc (IQ FM@% qsqrchcqs qc fn Bhcebsrls e fgclizig ioiheae& Fnoif mzimfczfe` trclizirn (>=& e >3&qzebfgn >5=3&% ċege }egco e mnfnq fegc }iċfi tiwfn} fnzimfi gc mifcqcfn imhsoni trcmnge& KfiŮ}zi oigc fegc sqtgchi ewbgcČe iorsŶcfgc gcmefean Gsliqhnzcfqocnrkegc (GN% behi gc treqehgcfi trcmn}e irsŶgc e eq}nofs}e ‘begchc wnq}nzc‛& TrcknibcČnfgekn gsliqhnzcfqoil trcliznrnċn Kehnfn Bnq}c trckn wnribhgcfeaeknČc qc tiq}stn}e trckn ‘kcĞsfnrimfik trnzs i rn}fek wnribhgcfeaekn‛&
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kn imrcmbnkn @nnŮoc oifzcfaegc e Żcfczqoe` oifzcfaegn ċegc qs ti}teqfeacbehc e Gsliqhnzegn (tiwezngsČe qc fn kcĞsfnrimfitrnzfe oif}efse}c} q Ornhgc+ zefik Gsliqhnzegik oign gc Żcfczqoek oifzcfaegnkn treq}stehn 24& qzebfgn>5=1&% e FM@ (im 24& qegcċfgn >5=1&% rn}fek qc wnribhgcfeaekn qkn}rngs qze zigfeae e iaere wnribhgcfc zigqoc oni e tretnmfeae mibrizihgnċoe` e tiheaeg+qoe` imrcmn oige fiqc iwfnoc tretnmfiq}e zigfig irknaege }c aezehe oige be qcsohgsċehe s rn}fe qsoib n tiŮ}sgs rn}fc wnoifc e ibeċngc oni e aezehe oige qc fcbirc nhe qs s qohits tirnŶcfc zigfc qfnlc& Im }rcfs}on wnribhgnznfgn rn}feqs wnribhgcfeae s zhnq}e fctregn}chgqoc qehc n fc gcmefean oigc qs e` wnribehc eheqs wn fge` wnmsŶcfc (ċh& 2&%& Wckhgn s ċegig qc zhnq}e fnhnwc rn}fe wnribhgcfeaekirn qc brefs}e wn fge`izi swmrŶnznfgc (ċh& =&%& Wnribhgcfc iqibc wnmrŶnzngsqzign lrnĞnfqon trnzn e fc qkegs be}e ewhiŶcfc fnqehgs e knh}rc}ernfgs (ċh& 1&%&Imrcmbc gnqfi lizirc i }rnfqtir}ernfgs wnribhgcfeon e fge`izs qkgcŮ}nfgs shilirc& Trckn fgekn mitsŮ}cfi gc wnribhgcfeoc tgcŮeac cznosern}e s hilirc e }is c}ntnkn im 24 oehikc}nrn fn mnf& Wnribhgcfeoc }rcbn qkgcq}e}e s wlrnmc ehebnrnoc oigc ikilsČsgs qzc `elegcfqoc e wmrnzq}zcfc szgc}c& Iqek }iln }iċfi gc triteqnfn trc`rnfn }c qze iq}nhe szgc}e ti}rcbe}e wn hgsmqoe imfiq trckn wnri+bhgcfeaekn&
2
Ť}i qc }eċc onŶfgnznfgn imrcĞcfi gc onoi zigfeċoc e qsmqoc zhnq}ewckhgc oign mrŶe rn}fc wnribhgcfeoc kils onwfe}e ifek kgcrnkn oigc qs trcm+ zeĞcfc wn eq}n mgchn tri}ez zigfeċoe` iqibn fge`izc zigqoc& n zigqon gc msŶfnfnoif wnzrŮc}on rn}fe` itcrnaegn ikilsČe}e tizrn}no rn}fe` wnribhgcfeon smikizefs&
1
Fe}e gcmfc im imrcmbe qtikcfs}e` oifzcfaegn fc qtikefgs ekn hemrŶnzn trnzi qehik zrn}e}e wnribhgcfeoc s fge`izs mikizefs tri}ezfi fge`izig zihge& Ĉefgcfean gcq} mn Żcfczqoc oifzcfaegc triteqsgs onoi rn}fc wnribhgcfeoc}rcbn Ů}e}e}e ‘tri}ez ċefn fnqehgn‛ }c s qzigig iqfize trcmq}nzhgngs `sknfe nqtco}s oigck rctn}regnaegn trcmq}nzhgn trnzi n fc msŶfiq} wnribhgcfeon&
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2
 
 KcĞsfnrimfc oifzcfaegc i rn}fik trnzs e i qelsrfiq}e
 (sr& Rnmc ĔsoeČ% Wnlrcb >5<5&11<&+130&? BiŮoi TCRIZEĊ
 KcĞsfnrimfc oifzcfaegc i rn}fik trnzs
 Mrsli trcrnĞcfi e mi+tsfgcfi ewmnfgc Wnlrcb >552& 150&+=2=&? Q}gctnf @CJCR ‘Ewrsċeznfgc `rzn}qoc zigqoc lim&>5=3& s qzgc}hs kcĞsfnrimfil trnzn‛
@rzn}qoe onhcfmnr
A`eanli >533& 0:&+52&
1
 
 KcĞsfnrimfc oifzcfaegc i rn}fik trnzs e i qelsrfiq}e
 11<&+130&? Zemgc}e e7 Eznf LNBCHEAN‘Trnzfn oznheonaegn whiċefn s Bhcebsrls e fn oreŶfek ts}izekn‛
34 limefn Bhcebsrln
 
(Wbir+feo rnmizn i Bhcebsrls e oreŶfek ts}izekn q }rcČcl kcĞsfnrimfil wfnfq}zcfil qektiwegn sBhcebsrls >=& e >3& qzebfgn >553&% (sr& Giwi KnrczeČ% Wnlrcb >553& 23&+11&
=
Zhnmnf GIFĈEĊ
Rn}fe wnribhgcfeae& KcĞsfnrimfitrnzfe q}n}sq
Bcilrnm 2442& 1>3&+1>:&
 
KNREFN LRN@CO RNZNFĈEĊ Ewrsċcfgn wnribhgcfeon q bhcebsrŮoil tihgn e ioiheacĈQT br& 1& 31>&+334& (244<%
311
iqizefc wn whiċefc tiċefgcfc }egcoik rn}n& Ifn qc imfiqehn fn qzc wckhgc oigc gc iosterni rcČe Rcea` fgclizc qnzcwfeoc oni e miknČc tiknlnċc oige qs sqzigek wckhgnkn mgchiznhe s qhsŶbe iqzngnċn e ċefehe whiċefc }c gc tiq}nhn iqfizfekcĞsfnrimfe wnoif fn iqfize oigcln Čc imliznrn}e rn}fe whiċefae&
3
 Onoi be treonwnhe itČcfe}i rnqtihiŶcfgc }rcbn qc zrn}e}e s zchgnċs >5=3& wnoifcrcfaegqoe q}ih s Gnh}e (Orek% lmgc emcgc kcĞsfnrimfil `sknfe}nrfiltrnzn onoi qc ċefe }noiĞcr feqs behc s trzik thnfs& Trckn milizirs ti}teqn+fik ewkcĞs qizgc}qoc zhnmc e bre}nfqoil Aikkif|ch}`n }c ewkcĞs qizgc}+qoc zhnmc e QNM+n imhsċcfi gc mn qc qzc wnribhgcfc iqibc oigc qs tretnmnhcfctregn}chgqoek lrstnaegnkn e timrŶnznhc rcČe Rcea` ewrsċc ifig wckhge tri}ez oigc qs qhsŶbcfi rn}iznhc& Milizir gc qhsŶbcfi tiq}elfs} qnki qn Qizgc}ekn ewn`}egczni gc rctn}regnaegs qze` qizgc}qoe` lrnĞnfn (trcmngn qc fegc imfiqehn fn‘begchc‛ }g& anreq}eċoc ckelrnf}c% fi iċe}i ln gc timrŶni e ‘qznoe Q}nhgefiz Ů}eČc+feo sohgsċsgsČe Giqetn Briwn e}n‛&
:
 Fnmernfgc Gsliqhnzcfqoc nrkegc s Gshegqos orngefs e OirsŮos s trihgcČc >5=3&trcmq}nzhgn zcheoe tribhck wn qnzcwfeċos zigqos e strnzi }n i}cli}fn ioihfiq}trcmq}nzhgn lhnzfe ċekbcfeo qznoiln bsmsČcl qnzcwfeċoil mgchiznfgn fn }crc+fs&
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Q}iln fc ċsme mn strnzi im }il tribhckn oni ohgsċfil wn rnwgnŮfgnznfgc(ehe }co oni ewlizir% tribhckn}eoc tihnwe trigco} bre}nfqoil Kefeq}nrq}zn ibrn+fc oige gc >500& limefc rcwsh}erni qteqik ‘Trc}`imfe ewzgcŮ}ng i gcmfik eq}rn+Ŷeznfgs s zcwe q ewrsċcfgck wnribhgcfil fctregn}chgqoil iqibhgn Qizgc}qoikQnzcws e Gsliqhnzege ew Nsq}regc s qzebfgs >5=3& e i fnzimfig ‐ohnlcfsr}qoigwnzgcre―‛ ċege qs ns}ire brelnmfe lcfcrnhe Nf}`ifu Ai|lehh e cmmu ruif+\eh+qif hirm ]iknq Brekchi| }c tizgcqfeċnr A`req}it`cr Biiocr&
0
Trckn s gnz+fiq}e tiwfn}egck ‘Ai|lehhizik ewzgcŮ}ngs‛ znŶnf }rcfs}no trcmq}nzhgn zcČ >5&}rnzfgn >5=3& onmn @nrihm Knakehhnf (kefeq}nr+rcwemcf} bre}nfqoc zhnmc treQnzcwfeċoik wntizgcmfeŮ}zs wn Qrcmiwckhgc tihe}eċoe qnzgc}feo chmknrŮnhn
3
Zcfacqhnz LHEŤEĊ ‘Whiċef e onwfn‛
Mrsle qzgc}qoe rn} 
 rcČn ofgeln Wnlrcb Hgsbhgnfn Bc+ilrnm >504& 15<&+150&
:
Kea`nch KANMNKQ ‘Unh}n nfm ]c Bhcebsrl rnlcmu‛
Im Bhcebsrln mi fnŮe` mnfn
 (lh&sr& Giwi KnrczeČ% Wnlrcb >55=& 51&+>4>&? Zemgc}e e7 Feoihne IHQIU
Zea}ekq ij Unh}n
 
Hifmif>5<<& >50:&
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I qnzcwfeċoik q}ngnheŮ}s Zemgc}e7 On}nrefn QTC@FGNO
Bre}nfqoe tilhcm fn @rzn}qos >5=3&‑ >5=0&
 Wnlrcb 244:& 34&+32&
0
Nf}`ifu AI\LEHH A`req}it`cr BIIOCR hirm ]iknq BREKCHI\ cmmu RUIF+\EHQIF
Ef}crek Rctir} if Nk Cf~seru Ef}i }`c rctn}ren}eif ij Qsrrcfmcrcm Cfcku Tcrqiffch }i }`c Qizec} Sfeif nfm Usliqhnzen Jrik Nsq}ren ef Knu >5=3 nfm }`c Nhhclcm ‐Ohnlcfjsr} Aif+qternau― 
 Hifmif Qct}ckbcr >500& Qteq gc miq}stnf s Riunh Sfe}cm Qcrzeac Efq}e}s}c ir MccfacQ}smecq s Hifmifs& Qtikcfs}e qteq ibrnmei gc Mnroi BCOEĊ ‘‐Qhsċng Bhcebsrl―7 fizn eq}rnŶe+ znfgn fizn eqosŮcfgn
Ĉnqiteq wn qszrckcfs tizegcq} 
(mnhgc7 ĈQT% 2>)>505& br& >+1 >5<&+2>=&7Zemgc}e e7 M& BCOEĊ ‘BhngbsrŮoe tioihg s Ai|lehhizs ewzgcŮ}ngs‛
Q}nr} 
(Wnlrcb% 1& zchgnċc >554&34&+32&? M& BCOEĊ ‘Zcrwegn Ai|lehhizn ewzgcŮ}ngn ‛
I}zircfe miqqecr7 Bhcebsrl 
 (sr& Knroi LrċeČ%Wnlrcb >554& 2<&+:0&

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