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54465(1)

54465(1)

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Published by meo_ngo89

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Published by: meo_ngo89 on Feb 03, 2009
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06/14/2009

 
Ban 
MOT S6 QUAN Dlfivl CUA CHU NGHlA MAC - Lfc-NIN,TU TU&NG H6 CHi MINH
\j£ 
CHlf-N TRANH,QUAN D0IVA BAO V£
T6
GU6C
A-MgCOICH,YEUCAU
- B6i du&ng cho sinh vien nam duac m6t
s&
quan diem ca ban cuachu nghia Miic - Le-nin
v&
chift'n tranh, quan d6i va bao vfi
J6 
quoc.Nhan thiic duac Chu tich H6 Chi Minh da trung thanh van dung, phattrien sang tao li lufln v£ chien tranh, quftn d6i, bao vS T6 quoc vao cu
thi
Viet Nam.- Tr6n ca s6 nhan thiic dung dan
66,
d&
cao trach nhi6m cua tu6itre tich cue dau tranh phe phan nh&ng tir tuang, quan diem sai trai,g6p phan bao v£ chu nghia Mac - Le-nin, tu tirdng H6 Chi Minh.
B - NOI DUNG
I - QUAN DIEM CUA CHU NGHIA MAC - LE-NIN, TUTUC-NG HO CHl MINH VE CHIEN TRANH VA QUAN DOI1. Quan diem cua chu nghia Mac - Le-nin, tu* tircmg Ho ChiMinh ve chien tranh
 a) Quan diem cua chu nghia Mdc-Li-nin chien tranh
- Chien tranh la mdt hien
tUctng
lich sA
xa hdi
Cac M£c, Ang-ghen da chung minh, chien tranh la m6t hi6n tuongchinh tri - xa hfli c6 tinh lich sir. Qua trinh phit trien xa hfii loai
20
 
nguoi da co giai doan chira tung co chie'n tranh. Trade Cac Mac,Ang-ghen, nhieu nha li luSn, do bi han che' boi lSp truong giai cap vatri thiic khoa hoc, n6n chita dira ra dirge loi giai dap dung dan ve*ngu6n goc, ban chat, quy lu&t... cua chie'n tranh.Diing vfing tren lap truc»ng cua chu nghla duy vat bifin chting vaduy vat lich sit, dua tren cac luSn cii khoa hoc cua thuc Men. C£c
Mac,
Ang-ghen da phan tfch ch£ do c6ng xa nguyen thuy va chi rarang, thai ki cong xa nguyen thuy keo dai hang van nSm, con ngudichua he" hiel chie'n tranh. Dae trimg cua che
-
do nay la trinh d6 phattrie*n cua iuc lugng san xuat he't site thap kem,
l6 
chiic xa hdi con
so
khai, con ngu&i s6ng hoan toan phu thudc vao ty nhien. Dong luc coban cua sti phdt trie'n xa hoi cdng xa nguyen thuy la cuoc da'u tranhgifia con nguoi voi to nhidn. Trong xa h6i do, cac mau thuan va xungdot gifia cac bo lac,
ki
ca xung dot vu trang chi la thii y£u, khongmang tinh xa hGi. Nhfing cuoc tranh gianh da't dai, cac khu vuc sanban, hai lugtn, cac bai chan tha, cac hang d6ng chi la da'u tranh d£sinh t6n. Trong cac cu6c xung dot ay da c6 yeu to' cua bao luc vutrang, tuy nhien yeii t6 bao luc vu trang chi co y nghia
de*
thoa mancac nhu
cin
kinh
te"
true Hep cua cac bo lac. Vi v9y, Cac Mac, Ang-ghen coi day nhu la m6t hinh thtic lao dfing nguyen thuy. Cac xungdot 6 xa hoi cong xa nguyfen thuy khdng phai la chie'n tranh, do lanhfing cu6c xung ddt mang tinh tu phat ngau nhien.Bit cha'p thuc
te
-
do,
cac hoc gia tu san cho rang, chie'n tranh da c6ngay tit d£u khi xuat
hitn
xa h6i loai ngudi va kh6ng
the*
nao loai trfidugc. Muc dich cua ho la che day cho chie'n tranh xam lucrc do giaicap tu san phat dong. .
 —
Chiin tranh bat nguSn
tie
su xuat hiin chi do tuhiai, giai cap vanha nude
Cac Mac, Ang-ghen khang dinh, bao luc chi ia k^t qua cua viftcchiem doat thanh qua cua ngUoi khac, la k^t qua cua vi6c xuat hifen
che'
d6 tu hfiu. Do sU phat triln cua luc luohg san xu£t, den m6t giaidoan lich su nh& dinh, trong x5 hoi xua't hifin che
-
d6 tu hfiu vd tu lifiu21
 
san xua~t, tit do dan den su phan chia giai cap. De" gianh, gifi va sudung quyen luc chinh tri vi nhimg loi ich kinh te', cac giai cap camquyen da dung chie'n tranh nhu m6t phtfcmg tifin, c6ng cu
de
1
cung c6dia vj thong tri cua mlnh.Ti£p tuc phat trien nh&ng luSn diem cua Cac Mac, Ang-ghen
ve"
chie'ntranh trong dieu kifen lich
stir
moi, Le-nin chi ro
:
Trong thoi dai d6 quoc chunghTa, chien tranh bat ngu6n tflr chinh ban chSt cua chu nghia tu ban, chunghia d€ quoc. Chien tranh la ban dubng cua chu nghia
de'
quoc, con chunghia d£ quoc thi con chien tranh, mu6n xoa bo chie'n tranh phai tiSudifit chu nghia
de
-
qu6c.Nhu v&y, chien tranh c6 ngu6n goc tu che' d6 chiem hSu tu nhan v£tu lieu san xuSt, c6 d6'i khang giai cap va c6 ap biic, boc 16t. Chientranh khflng phai bat ngu6n ttt ban nang sinh vM cua con ngudi, kh6ngphai la dinh menh va cung kh6ng phai la hifcn tuong t6n tai vTnh vien.Mu6n xoa b6 chie'n tranh phai xoa bo ngu6n g6c sinh ra no.
-Ban chat chien tranh Ih ki'tuc chinh tri bang thu doan bao life
Cac Mac, Ang-ghen da chi ra, ban cha't cua chie'n tranh la stf ke"tuc chinh tri cua m6t giai cap, m&t nha n«6c nhlit dinh bang thu doanbao luc. Chie'n tranh la phuong tien, la thu doan phuc vu cho mucdich chinh tri cua cac giai cap, cac nha nu6c nhat dinh. Kh6ng c6chinh tri "si6u giai cSp", cac cudc chien tranh d£u mang muc dichchinh tri va giai cCp. GiOa chie'n tranh va chinh tri co quan he chat
che,
chien tranh phuc vu cbo muc dich chinh tri, chinh tri chi ph6itoani>6 tifn trinh va ket cue chien tranh, quye't dinh dir&tig l6i chie'n
luac,
t6 chiic luc luang va cung c6 h&u phuemg... cua chie'n tranh.Le-nin chi ro "moi cudc chie'n tranh d£u gan li£n v6i
che
-
d6 chinhtri sinh ra no ', chinh tri chi ph6'i chie'n tranh tit dau de'n cud'i.(1) Le-nin. Toan tap, Tap 31 Tr, 101 ban tieng Viet. NXB Tien bd.MatxcOva 1978.
22

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