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Published by Teguh Widodo
Soal ini dapat dipergunakan untuk latihan ujian nasional
Soal ini dapat dipergunakan untuk latihan ujian nasional

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Published by: Teguh Widodo on Dec 09, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Bahasa InggrisSPMB Tahun 2005 Regional III
Text I
Heart disease is Western society’s number-one killer. It accounts for one -third of all deaths in America and for well over half the deaths among middle-agedmen. Heart disease was relatively rare in America at the turn of the century, but ithas risen dramatically since then, with a slight downturn in 1960.Heart disease is often viewed as a disease of modern living, spurred on bythe habits and the stress of industrialized society. Evidence for this idea comesfrom the. fact that non-Western societies have relatively low rates of heart disease.And there is a higher rate of heart disease among immigrants to America, such asJapanese Americans and Chinese-Americans, than among those who remain in theirnative country, suggesting that something about the Western environmentpromotes the development of the disease.Heart disease usually involves the formation of a fatty substance calledplague in the walls of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. If thearteries become narrowed enough or blocked, the person may suffer a heart attack,that is death of a region of heart muscle tissue.Among the many factors that have been found to be related to the risk of developing heart disease are high blood pressure, a history of heart disease amongone's close relatives, cigarette smoking, being relatively overwight, and a high levelof a fatty substance called cholesterol in the blood. In addition to all of these well-established risk factors, it is now clear that stress can have a major impact on thedevelopment of heart disease. People whocontinually undergo a great deal of stress- and who lack the ability to control it - are at a significantly greater risk for diseasethan people who undergo less stress or who can manage stress sucessfully. Jobsthat impose high psychological demans but thet provide the worker with the littlecontrol - such as a cook, waiter,and hospital orderly - seem to beed heart disease.01. There is a higher number of heart patients among Japanese and Chineseimmigrants in the U.S. because(A) the U,S. has the highest rate of heart disease in the world(B) they might not have been able to cope with the stress of living in anindustrialised society(C) the food in the U.S. contains too much cholesterol(D) they are often unjustly treated in their adopted home country(E) they work hard to create a better life for their children
Copyright © PT. Zenius Education All rights reserved Hal 1 dari 5
Bahasa Inggris SPMB Tahun 2005 Regional III
02. How serious' is the prevalence of heart disease among people living in theU.S?(A) Fifty percent of the deaths is caused by heart disease deceasedsharply(B) In 1960 the rate of death caused by heart disease decreased sharply(C) Thirty percent of the victims of heart disease were men(D) Heart disease has always been rare among American citizens(E) More than fifty percent of people in their 40s died of heart disease03. A person gets a heart attack when ____.(A) plague is formed in the walls of the arteries(B) coronary arteries are blocked by a fatty substance(C) smoking cigarettes causes hypertension(D) a region of heart muscle tissue is dead(E) heart disease is genetic among close relatives04. The third paragraph tells us about a person can get a heart attack ____.(A) the process(B) how much(C) the reason(D) what time(E) how long05. "Well-established risk factors' in line 17 are risk factors which ____."(A) have been proved real(B) are related to the environment(C) show a contagious disease(D) are formed by the disease(E) create a belief among peopleText II(1) ...................................................................(2) This is because the cost and the unavailability of conventional fuels becamea major problem in industrial countries.(3) Getting energy from the sun is not a new idea.(4) Most people have had the experience of getting a sunburn on a cloudy day,much to their surprise.(5) The energy is always there,(6) Technology has now brought the cost of harnessing the sun closer to beingeconomically competitive.(7) The conventional fuels, such as petrol, coal, and gas are usually called non-renewable sources of energy.(8) Finally, the fact that solar heating and solar cooling are very attractiveenvironmentally provides another reason to switch from conventional fuels.
Copyright © PT. Zenius Education All rights reserved Hal 2 dari 5
Bahasa Inggris SPMB Tahun 2005 Regional III
06. Which sentence. would best begin the paragraph?(A) People are trying to find an alternative source of energy as areplacement of solar energy(B) Solar energy is considered as an impractical alternative source of energy(C) Solar energy is rapidly becoming a logical alternative source of heat(D) The sun is an alternative source of energy which is expensive anddangerous(E) Nowadays people tend to keep using petroleum production as fuels07. The sentence which is irrelevant to the text is sentence number ____.(A) four (D) seven(B) five (E) eight(C) sixText IIIAll Dutch children go through the same non-selective primary school. Theythen go through a sophisticated assessment process, based on which the head-teacher produces a recommendation to the secondary school. As they entersecondary school, pupils are divided into four pathways within the same school,each studying the same 15 subjects from the same books but at four differentlevels and speeds. After two years, these four pathways take radically differentroutes. About 1,5% of the children take the most demanding academic route, whichlasts a further -four years; 25% take the slightly less demanding academic route,which takes three years; 45% take two-year academic route that includes somepractical vocational work; and ‘the remaining 15% take an essentially vocationalpathway with some academic extras for two years............08. Which sentence would best end the paragraph?(A) It is clear then that education is a complicated problem for thegovernment(B) These four pathways indicate the government's concern aboutdifferent needs and wants(C) Thus, in this system a different pathways shows a different durationof study(D) In conclusion, the Dutch-government is have a great problem withthe four pathways in education(E) Therefore, only in primary school do Dutch children get similarsubjects during the same period of time09. The topic of the paragraph is ____.(A) the pathways in the Dutch education system(B) non-selective primary school for Dutch children(C) different speeds and levels for learning(D) subjects taught to Dutch children at secondary school(E) different duration of study for Dutch children
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