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Resumen de Conceptos en Redes de Distribución Eléctrica

Resumen de Conceptos en Redes de Distribución Eléctrica

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Published by andres_arias_silva
Resumen de Conceptos en Redes de Distribución Eléctrica
Resumen de Conceptos en Redes de Distribución Eléctrica

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Published by: andres_arias_silva on Dec 09, 2012
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09/01/2014

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@eqpvefraeño Bdåapveam EBB 021 Mo`våq Mvemq Qedym
Amvmapbvèqpeamq Gbobvmdbq `b dlq Qeqpbhmq `b @eqpvefraeño Bdåapveam *Q@B%
Ro
Qeqpbhm `b @eqpvefraeño
bq ro alokropl `b b}re~lq }rb ~bvhepbo bobvge{mv `b ilvhm qbgrvm u aloiemfdb rooûhbvl `bpbvheom`l `b amvgmq$ bo `eqpeoplq oeybdbq `b pboqeño$ rfeam`lq gbobvmdhbopb bo `eibvbopbq drgmvbq/Bo bd
qeqpbhm bdåapveal ajedbol
bzeqpbo 1= bh~vbqmq gbobvm`lvmq$ 2 bh~vbqmq pvmoqheqlvmq u 19 bh~vbqmq`eqpvefre`lvmq `b bobvgèm bdåapveam/ Dlq
oeybdbq `b pboqeño
rpede{m`lq ~lv dmq bh~vbqmq `b `eqpvefraeño qlo dlqqegrebopbq; =6cY$ =1/6cY$ =1/:cY$ =2cY u 61cY dlq armdbq qb aloqe`bvmo alhl mdpm pboqeño *MP%/Dmq
~veoae~mdbq amvmapbvèqpeamq
`b ro Q@B qlo qr
pl~ldlgèm
*vm`emd$ bohmddm`m$ bpa/%$ qr
vm{ño V,Z
bo `lo`b dmvbqeqpboaem `b dm dèobm qb ~rb`b alh~mvmv alo dm vbmapmoaem `b dm heqhm$ dmq
hûdpe~dbq alobzelobq
 *hloliíqeam$ feiíqeam$ bpa/%$
amvgmq `b `eqpeopl pe~l
$ dmq
dèobmq qeo pvmoq~lqeaelobq
u dmq
amvgmq `eqpvefre`mq
bobd qeqpbhm/Dlq
Q@B qb ~rb`bo admqeieamv
qbgûo dmq amvmapbvèqpeamq `b qrq amvgmq$ dlq yldûhbobq `b bobvgèm eoyldravm`lq$ udmq alo`eaelobq `b aloiemfede`m` u qbgrve`m` alo }rb `bfmo l~bvmv/ Alo bqpl qb pebobo
aeoal gvr~lq `b amvgmq
 dlq armdbq qb alh~lvpmo `b hmobvm `eqpeopm bo armo`l m qr aloqrhl `b bobvgèm;
Qeqpbhm `b @eqpvefraeño Eo`rqpvemd
; Alh~vbo`b m dlq gvmo`bq aloqrhe`lvbq `b bobvgèm$ pmdbq alhleo`rqpvemq `bd mabvl$ }rèheamq$ ~bpvñdbl$ ~m~bd$ bpa/3 }rb gbobvmdhbopb vbaefbo bd qrheoeqpvl bdåapvealbo MP/ Bq ivbarbopb }rb dm eo`rqpvem gbobvb ~mvpb `b qr `bhmo`m `b bobvgåpeam yèm ~vlabqlq m ym~lv$gmq l `ebqbd *algbobvmaeño%/
Qeqpbhm `b @eqpvefraeño Alhbvaemd
; Qlo qeqpbhmq `b bobvgèm bzeqpbopbq `bopvl `b gvmo`bq alh~dbklqalhbvaemdbq u hroeae~mdbq$ pmdbq alhl b`eieaelq `b gvmo mdprvm$ fmoalq$ qr~bvhbvam`lq$ bqarbdmq$mbvl~rbvplq$ jlq~epmdbq$ ~rbvplq$ bpa/ Bqpb pe~l `b qeqpbhmq pebob qrq ~vl~emq amvmapbvèqpeamq$ alhlaloqbarboaem `b dmq bzegboaemq bq~baemdbq bo armopl m qbgrve`m` `b dmq ~bvqlomq u `b dlq febobq$ ~lv dl}rb gbobvmdhbopb vb}rebvbo `b eh~lvpmopbq irbopbq `b vbq~md`l bo amqlq `b bhbvgboaem/
Qeqpbhm `b @eqpvefraeño bo [lomq Eo`rqpvemdbq
;Alh~vbo`bo dm `eqpvefraeño$ `bopvl `b {lomqeo`rqpvemdbq$ m ~b}rbýmq eo`rqpvemq qeprm`mq irbvm `b dmq gvmo`bq aer`m`bq/ Ol bqpío qlhbpe`mq malo`eaelobq hru vegrvlqmq bo armopl m qbgrve`m` u aloiemfede`m`/ Dm hmulvèm `b dmq ybabq$ dmq amvgmqqlo ~b}rbýmq alo qrheoeqpvlq bo fmkm u hb`em pboqeño3 krgmo`l dm ~dmoeieamaeño `b bqpmq {lomq ro~m~bd iro`mhbopmd ~mvm bd `bqmvvlddl eo`rqpvemd$ um }rb gbobvmdhbopb ol qb qmfb `b mopbhmol bdavbaehebopl ybgbpmpeyl }rb ~rb`m pbobv/
Qeqpbhmq `b @eqpvefraeño Rvfmolq
; Mdehbopmo m ~lfdmaelobq u abopvlq rvfmolq `b gvmo aloqrhl$ ~bvlalo rom `boqe`m` `b amvgmq mdpm/ Qlo qeqpbhmq bo dlq armdbq bq hru eh~lvpmopb dm m`barm`m qbdbaaeñobo dlq b}re~lq u qr `ehboqelomhebopl/
Qeqpbhmq `b @eqpvefraeño Vrvmdbq
; Bqplq qeqpbhmq `b qb boamvgmo `bd qrheoeqpvl bdåapveal m {lomq `bhbolv `boqe`m` `b amvgmq$ ~lv dl armd vb}rebvb `b qldraelobq bq~baemdbq bo armopl m b}re~lq u m pe~lq`b vb`/ @bfe`l m dmq `eqpmoaemq dmvgmq u dmq amvgmq ~b}rbýmq$ bq bdbym`l bd alqpl `bd cWj aloqrhe`l/Bd
avbaehebopl mormd `b dm `bhmo`m
ym `b dm hmol alo bd avbaehebopl `b dm ~lfdmaeño$ bd mýl 6>== bd QEAvbgeqpvñ ro aloqrhl mormd `b 96/>:5 GWj u bo 6>=> irb `b25=5> GWj bo plpmd/
 
@eqpvefraeño Bdåapveam EBB 021 Mo`våq Mvemq Qedym
^dmoeieamaeño `b ro Q@B
Vbq~bapl m dm
~dmoeieamaeño `b ro Q@B
aloqeqpb fíqeamhbopb bo boalopvmv rom aloiegrvmaeño `b alo`raplvbq ub}re~lq }rb ~bvhepmo pvmoqibvev bo ilvhm qbgrvm u aloiemfdb dm bobvgèm bdåapveam `bq`b rom irbopb gbobvm`lvmjmaem dlq `eibvbopbq aloqrhlq/ Alo bddl qb pebob }rb ro
~mvm }rb ro qeqpbhm qbm febo ~dmoeieam`l
bqpb `bfbqbv
qeh~db
*um }rb ~bvqegrb ieobq aloavbplq alhl bq bopvbgmv bobvgèm$ ~lv dl pmopl$ ol `bfb aloqpeprevqb bo~vehbvm ~velve`m` `b mpboaeño%$ `bfb qbv
qbgrvl
$ `bfb qbv
aloiemfdb
*dl }rb qb dlgvm m pvmyåq `b dmqaloiegrvmaelobq bh~dbm`mq u `b dmq ilvhmq `b mdehbopmaeño%$ `bfb qbv
baloñheal
*bo qr bpm~m `b `eqbýl`bfbo aloqe`bvmvqb dlq hbolvbq alqplq `b eoybvqeño%$ `bfb qbv
idbzefdb
$ `bfb ~vlybbv
imaede`m`bq ~mvm qreoqpmdmaeño u hmopboaeño
u `bfb pbobv
am~mae`m` ~mvm mh~demvqb
/Ro
`emgvmhm fíqeal `b ro Q@B
`bfb alopbh~dmv dm
dlamde{maeño `b dmq amvgmq
*hí}reomq$ drheomvemq$amdbimaaeño$ bpa/%$
`ehboqelomhebopl `bd qeqpbhm
*amvgm eoqpmdm`m$ arvym `b `bhmo`m$ `bhmo`m hízehm%$
qrheoeqpvl `b bobvgèm
bdåapveam *qrheoeqpvl olvhmd u `b bhbvgboaem alo u qeo eopbvvr~aeño%$ `bpbvheomaeño `b
abopvlq `b amvgm
$ `bpbvheomaeño `b
oeybdbq `b pboqeño
*MP$ HP ñ FP% u qbdbaaeño `bd
bq}rbhm gdlfmd `b~vlpbaaelobq
/Ro Q@B obabqepm dmq qegrebopbq
ybveieamaelobq
;
vbgrdmaeño `b pboqeño
bo ~roplq avèpealq *idrklq `b amvgm%$
aídardlq `b alvplaevareplq
$
moídeqeq `b aloiemfede`m`
$
b}re~lq alo amvmapbvèqpeamq bq~baemdbq
`b l~bvmaeño/$
qbdbapeye`m` `b dmq ~vlpbaaelobq
$ marbv`l alo dmq
olvhmq yegbopbq
$ arh~dehebopl alo
alo`eaelobq `b hízehmqbgrve`m`
~mvm~bvqlomq$ aloqpvraaelobq u b}re~lq$
idbzefede`m` mopb bz~moqelobq
irprvmq u
moídeqeq `b alqplq
/Dm aloiegrvmaeño `bd aevarepl `b `eqpvefraeño mibapm ~veoae~mdhbopb dlq
alqplq `b eoybvqeño
bo b}re~lq u dm
aloiemfede`m` `bd qeqpbhm
/ Dm aloiemfede`m` obabqmvem `b~bo`b fíqeamhbopb `b dmq amvmapbvèqpeamq `bd ~vlabql~vl`rapeyl$ ~veoae~mdhbopb `bd gvm`l `b pldbvmoaem }rb pbogm ivbopb m eopbvvr~aelobq bo bd qrheoeqpvl `bbobvgèm/ Mopb bqpl qb `bfbo aloqe`bvmv dlq qegrebopbq imaplvbq;
`boqe`m`
$
pe~lq `b amvgmq
$
dlamde{maeñogblgvíieam
`b dm amvgm
$ ívbm `b bz~moqeño
`b dm amvgmu
alopeore`m` `bd qbvyeael
/@b hmobvm gbobvmd$ bq ~lqefdb borhbvmv dmq `eibvbopbq
bqpvraprvmq `b hb`em pboqeño
*MP bo Q@B% }rb híq qbbh~dbmo bo dlq qeqpbhmq `b `eqpvefraeño; bqpvraprvm
vm`emd
*måvbm$ hezpm u qrfpbvvíobm%$ bqpvraprvm bo
moeddlq
 *mfebvpl$ abvvm`l%$
bohmddm`l
$ bqpvraprvm bo
`lfdb `bveymaeño
$ bqpvraprvm bo
`bveymaeño hûdpe~db
u bqpvraprvm`b
mdehbopm`lvbq qbdbapeylq
/Bo qeqpbhmq `b `eqpvefraeño bo hb`em pboqeño$ aloqeqpb bo mdehbopm`lvbq qbaro`mvelq }rb pebobo qr lvegbo bodm FP `b dlq pvmoqilvhm`lvbq$ amkmq `b `eqpvefraeño$ l bo dlq frqbq `b dmq qrfbqpmaelobq qbaro`mvemq/ Qb ~rb`boborhbvmv
pvbq pe~lq `b bqpvraprvmq bo FP
; vb`
vm`emd qeo mhmvvbq
*vb` qrfpbvvíobm$ vb` måvbm%$ vb`
vm`emd alomhmvvbq
$ vb`
bohmddm`m
*l vb` mrplhípeam bo fmkm pboqeño%/
Qeqpbhm Bohmddm`l Qeqpbhm Vm`emd 
 
@eqpvefraeño Bdåapveam EBB 021 Mo`våq Mvemq Qedym
Amvmapbvèqpeamq `b dmq Amvgmq
 Rqrmdhbopb bd påvheol
aloqrhl l amvgm
qb vbiebvb m ro `eq~lqepeyl l alokropl `b `eq~lqepeylq bdåapvealq }rbaloqrhbo bobvgèm bdåapveam bo ro QB^/^mvm
admqeieamv dmq amvgmq
qb aloqe`bvmo mq~baplq bo armopl m qr
dlamde{maeño gblgvíieam
*bzeqpbo {lomq pè~eamq%$bd
pe~l `b rpede{maeño
`b dm bobvgèm *edrheomaeño$ vbqe`boaemq$ eo`rqpvemq$ bpa/%$ vbq~bapl m qr
aloiemfede`m`
 *`b~bo`boaem `b dm bobvgèm bdåapveam%$ bd
bibapl `b dm amvgm
bo bd Q@B *aeadl `b pvmfmkl `b dmq amvgmq% u dmq
pmveimq
`b adebopbq vbgrdm`lq u ol vbgrdm`lq/@bq`b bd ~ropl `b yeqpm `b qrq
amvmapbvèqpeamq bdåapveamq
$ dlq aloqrhlq `eiebvbo iro`mhbopmdhbopb bo dlqqegrebopbq mq~baplq;
~lpboaem
$
pboqeño u ivbarboaem olheomd
$ pe~l `b
mdehbopmaeño vb}rbve`m
*hloliíqeam lpveiíqeam%$
`b~bo`boaem
*l ymvemaeño vbq~bapl `b dm pboqeño u,l ivbarboaem% u
aeadl `b rql
l pvmfmkl *vbgrdmv levvbgrdmv%/Bzeqpbo
pvbq hl`bdlq `b vb~vbqbopmaeño `b dmq amvgmq
l aevareplq b}reymdbopbq;
~lpboaem aloqpmopb
*^ u ] ol~vbqbopmo ymvemaelobq ivbopb m dlq amhfelq `b pboqeño l ivbarboaem%$
alvvebopb aloqpmopb
*qb mqrhb }rb bdaloqrhl `b alvvebopb `b dm amvgm ol ~vbqbopm amhfelq mopb dmq ymvemaelobq `b pboqeño l ivbarboaem% b
eh~b`moaem aloqpmopb
*qb aloqe`bvm }rb dm eh~b`moaem mqlaem`m m dm amvgm ol ymvèm bo iroaeño `bd yldpmkb$~bvl qè `b dm ivbarboaem%/Bd hl`bdl hmpbhípeal ~mvm dmq ~lpboaemq bq bd qegrebopb;
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 Alvvebopb aloqpmopb
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 eh~b`moaem aloqpmopb
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 @eqpeoplq imaplvbq `b amvgm
Pe~l `b Amvgm o^ o] o^ Ybvmol o^ Eoyebvol
Eo`rqpvemd >/6 >/9 >/6 >/2Vbqe`boaemd,Alhbvaemd =/5 =/9 =/1 6/>B`eieaelq =/2 =/2 =/= =/9

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